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WORLD WAR 2

Tokarev TT-30


Semi-Automatic Service Pistol (1930)


Infantry Small Arms / The Warfighter

Jump-to: Specifications

The Tokarev TT-30 sought to replace the old Nagant M1895 revolvers but was itself replaced by the improved TT-33 series by the end of World War 2.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 08/12/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com; the following text is exclusive to this site.
The Tokarev TT-30 was a semi-automatic pistol, essentially a Soviet copy of a Browning-Colt design, intended to replace the Nagant M1895 series of revolvers. The M1895 was developed in the late 1800s and served the Tsarist Russian Empire for decades before a suitable replacement was eventually found. The revolver itself proved quite robust and still served in numbers during World War 2. While the TT-30 only appeared in limited numbers and for a limited time herself, it paved the way for the much improved TT-33 series to replace the Nagant after 1945.

By 1930, the Revolutionary Military Council was on the lookout for a new Red Army sidearm to replace the aged M1895 revolver and other revolver pistol systems like it. Tests were held to find a replacement in early 1931 and a 1930s Fedor V. Tokarev design, known as the TT-30, was favored. The type was ordered in 1,000 examples for further testing by the Soviet Army and was officially marked for service as the standard sidearm of the Soviet Army thereafter. Production was handled by the Tula Arsenal.

The TT-30 owed much of its basic design to John Browning's work (particularly the M1911) with a few Soviet alterations that made for a better weapon in terms of field maintenance and production while retaining the former's stopping power. The hammer and lockwork mechanism were made as a single removable module to help in cleaning and repairs, this removed through the upper rear of the receiver. Magazine feed "lips" were machined directly into the receiver to help combat misfeeds. Generally, the Soviets made a much improved product consistent with the field abuse expected along the East Front and beyond.

However, it would only be three short years before a new and improved version of the TT-30 would appear, this in the form of the TT-33 of 1933. The type was revised with a new trigger and featured locking lugs all around the barrel as opposed to just along the top. The TT-33 would be produced in far greater examples and quickly overtook the TT-30 as the standard sidearm. It would not be until after 1945 that the type would replace the Nagant M1895 revolvers but over 1.7 million would eventually be produced.

The TT-30 received its designation by its production facility (Tula Arsenal) and designer's last initial (Tokarev) and the first year of issue ("30") to complete the full "TT-30" designation.

Specifications



Service Year
1930

Origin
Soviet Union national flag graphic
Soviet Union

Classification


Semi-Automatic Service Pistol


Tula Arsenal - Soviet Union
National flag of China National flag of North Korea National flag of the Soviet Union National flag of Vietnam China; North Korea; North Vietnam; Soviet Union; Vietnam
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Pistol / Sidearm
Compact design for close-quarters work or general self-defense.


Overall Length
193 mm
7.60 in
Barrel Length
116 mm
4.57 in
Empty Wgt
1.83 lb
0.83 kg
Sights


Front Blade; Rear Notch


Action


Semi-Automatic; Single Action; Locked Breech; Short Recoil Actuated

Semi-Automatic
One shot per trigger pull; self-loading or auto-loading action aided by internal mechanism; trigger management (and initial cocking) typically required by the operator; subsequent shots are aided by the unlocked / moved bolt.
(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)


Caliber(s)*


7.62x25mm Tokarev

Rounds / Feed


8-round detachable box magazine
Cartridge relative size chart
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources.
**Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.
Max Eff.Range
164 ft
(50 m | 55 yd)
Muzzle Velocity
1,378 ft/sec
(420 m/sec)


TT-30 - Base Production Series Designation appearing in 1930.
TT-33 - Improved Tokarev appearing in 1933.


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