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Type 2 (Rifle Grenade Launcher)


Rifle Grenade Launcher (1936)


Infantry Small Arms / The Warfighter

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Close-up detail view of the Type 2 rifle grenade launcher and a 30mm projectile; note rifle barrel as part of image; color
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View of the Type 2 rifle grenade launcher and a 30mm projectile above and a 40mm projectile below

Jump-to: Specifications

The Type 2 served the Imperial Japanese Army throughout their conquest of the Pacific.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 02/17/2017 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
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The Type 2 was a weapon system in service with the Imperial Japanese Army by the time of World War 2. The system attached to the barrel end of the standard issue Japanese infantry rifle and served as a "rifle grenade launcher". The Type 2 could fire 30mm or 40mm grenades as needed.

The Type 2 could be fitted to the business end of either the Type 38 or Type 99 rifles. The Type 38 of 1905 origin was a bolt-action system and produced in 3,400,000 examples, seeing action from the Russo-Japanese War into the Vietnam War. The Type 99 of 1939 was another bolt-action rifle of newer design and was produced from 1939 to 1945, seeing actions in the Second Sino-Japanese War up through the Chinese Civil War. Regardless, the Type rifle launcher was designed to fit the barrel of either weapon and the operator had the choice of two grenades to fire.

The 30mm grenade featured a length of 6.4 inches with a weight of 8.1 ounces. It was fitted with a half TNT / half RDX explosive compound to make short work of unarmored targets. The 40mm grenade was 7.1 inches in length and weighed in at 13 ounces. It was also fitted with the half TNT / half RDX compound but maintained some armor penetration properties up to 3.88 inches. The two projectiles were differentiated by their external design - the 30mm type was more streamlined while the 40mm type featured a noticeable division between the upper and lower body. Both sported rifling at their bases to provide the needed spin when launched. This spin helped to achieve some level of accuracy when in trajectory.

The Type 2 launcher was clamped over the muzzle of the Japanese service rifle. The actual grenade was activated by way of a wooden bullet or blank cartridge inserted by the operator and fired during the standard bolt-action firing procedure.

As a weapon system in the jungle-filled Pacific, the Type offered the regular Japanese soldier the capability to dislodge an enemy from a dug in position or apply a certain psychological effect to the battle. The grenade extended the reach and lethality of the typical soldier, allowing him to fire the projectile by way of trajectory without exposing himself to enemy fire.

Specifications



Service Year
1936

Origin
Imperial Japan national flag graphic
Imperial Japan

Classification


Rifle Grenade Launcher


Various State Factories - Japan
National flag of modern Japan Imperial Japan
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Fire Support
Capable of suppressing enemy elements at range through direct or in-direct fire.
Special Purpose
Special purpose weapon for a specially defined battlefield role.


Empty Wgt
2.20 lb
1.00 kg
Sights


Rifle Sights


Action


Uses rifles action with wooden bullet/blank cartridge for ignition.

(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)


Caliber(s)*


30mm / 40mm

Rounds / Feed


Single Shot
Cartridge relative size chart
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources.
**Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.


Type 2 - Base Series Designation


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