Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Small Arms Warships & Submarines Military Ranks Military Pay Chart (2024)
Infantry Small Arms / The Warfighter

Colt Model 1860 New Army

Six-Shot Percussion Revolver [ 1860 ]

The Colt New Army Model 1860 revolver was produced in the hundreds of thousands during the American Civil War.

Authored By: Dan Alex | Last Edited: 02/17/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

Colt brought about their New Army Model revolver in 1860 and it quickly proved itself the definitive combat revolver of the time. Designed to succeed the Colt 3rd Model Dragoon series of revolvers, the Model 1860 was essentially a re-envisioning of the Colt Navy Model of 1851 which, itself, proved a success with US Army forces despite the designation (originally intended for US Navy personnel). The New Army Model 1860 was produced in the hundreds of thousands owing much to the bloody conflict that was the American Civil War as the US Army standard issue sidearm and went on to become one of the most recognized and popular handguns of the war. Beyond its use in that conflict, the Colt New Army Model 1860 figured prominently in the Indian Wars to follow.

Like other Colt developments, the Model 1860 New Army was of single-action in design, meaning that the operator needed to actuate the hammer to cock the weapon which rotated the cylinder to the next available ammunition chamber. Only then could the user squeeze the trigger and complete the firing action. Each successive shot needed to be cocked in this fashion. Outwardly, the New Army Model revolver followed much in line with previous Colt offerings including the "open frame" receiver which was used to describe the lack of a supporting structure over the cylinder proper. The barrel was naturally fitted ahead of the cylinder and well contoured. Underneath the barrel ran an integrated ratcheting loading lever which was used to ram the firing chamber contents down towards the percussion caps. The user pulled down on the loading lever to which an arm, acting as a ramrod, would move rearwards towards each bullet chamber and force their contents into the cylinder. The action on the slightly oversized ball rounds also trimmed some of the lead off and effectively sealed each chamber. This sealing was important as to prevent ignition of powder residue across the mouths of the other chambers - this could lead to a cylinder rupture or severe injury for the user.

The weapon was loaded first with 35 grains of gunpowder in each cylinder (via a flask carried by the operator) and then a .44 ball was added as ammunition. These were added to each chamber (from the front end) and rammed home by the loading arm. Percussion caps needed to be set at each chamber rear along the cylinder rear on provided nipples. Once cocked, the weapon was then made ready to fire. The user could let off six rounds before requiring a reload. Alternatively, soldiers could be issued "paper" cartridges containing both the preset amount of gunpowder and the ball bullet in a single handy container. In this fashion, the user needed only to enter each paper cartridge into each chamber from the front and ram the contents down with the loading lever. Percussion caps were still required at each chamber rear.©MilitaryFactory.com
Other physical features of the revolver included a fixed iron sight provided aft of the muzzle. The hammer spur protruded upwards and away from the receiver to allow the thumb to manage its action. The pistol grip - covered on both sides by a beautiful walnut finish - was ergonomically curved and smooth to fit firmly in the firing hand. The thin trigger unit was set within an equally thin trigger ring. The cylinder was either fluted or un-fluted while the frame of original models was completed from steel.

In practice, the New Army Model 1860 saw widespread use, particularly during the American Civil War (1861-1865) which marked a production boom for the Colt Manufacturing Company. The initial 1,000 or so production-quality models were completed with 7.5-inch barrels but most were eventually seen with the more popular 8-inch barrels from there on. Not only did it see action with Union forces but the Confederates noted its robust and effective value enough to produce illegal local copies all their own. As a military sidearm, the New Army Model 1860 was everywhere battles were waged. It served as a sidearm to officers, infantry and cavalry personnel as well as second-line units. Some military versions were even fitted with an optional wooden shoulder stock (about as long as the pistol itself) to assist in a three-point stabilization system when firing, leading to reported accuracy benefits at range.

All told, some 200,500 examples were produced during the span of 1860 and 1873, most with the aforementioned 8-inch barrels. Of these, 127,156 were produced to fulfill the US government contract during wartime.©MilitaryFactory.com
Note: The above text is EXCLUSIVE to the site www.MilitaryFactory.com. It is the product of many hours of research and work made possible with the help of contributors, veterans, insiders, and topic specialists. If you happen upon this text anywhere else on the internet or in print, please let us know at MilitaryFactory AT gmail DOT com so that we may take appropriate action against the offender / offending site and continue to protect this original work.


Service Year

United States national flag graphic
United States


Six-Shot Percussion Revolver

Colt Patent Firearms Manufacturing Company - USA
(View other Arms-Related Manufacturers)
National flag of the Confederate States of America National flag of the United States Confederate States; United States
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Pistol / Sidearm
Compact design for close-quarters work or general self-defense.

Overall Length
355 mm
13.98 in
Barrel Length
203 mm
7.99 in
Empty Wgt
2.65 lb
1.20 kg

Open Iron Front, Fixed


Single-Action; Repeating; Percussion Cap

Percussion Cap
Utilizes the percussion cap system of operation to actuate ignition of propellant; much like a child's cap gun, small explosive caps are set upon nipples and these are actuated by a falling hammer previously cocked.
(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)


.44 Ball

Sample Visuals**

Graphical image of a Musket Ball bullet
Rounds / Feed

6-Shot Rotating Cylinder
Cartridge relative size chart
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources.
**Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.
Max Eff.Range
225 ft
(69 m | 75 yd)
Muzzle Velocity
750 ft/sec
(229 m/sec)

Model 1860 New Army - Base Series Designation

Military lapel ribbon for the American Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Ukranian-Russian War
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2

Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns / operations.

Images Gallery

1 / 1
Image of the Colt Model 1860 New Army
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2024 Military Pay Chart Military Ranks DoD Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content; site is 100% curated by humans.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org (World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft), WDMMW.org (World Directory of Modern Military Warships), SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane, and MilitaryRibbons.info, cataloguing military medals and ribbons. Special Interest: RailRoad Junction, the locomotive encyclopedia.

©2023 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2023 (20yrs)