×
Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Pay Scale Military Ranks
HOME
INFANTRY
MODERN ARMIES
SPECIAL FORCES
COUNTRIES
MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE
COLD WAR
IRAQI FREEDOM
FALKLANDS WAR
MODERN

Carl-Gustav M3 (M1948)


Multirole, Shoulder-Fired Recoilless Rifle (1948)


Infantry Small Arms / The Warfighter

1 / 9
Close-up detail view of an unattended Carl Guztav anti-tank recoiless rifle
2 / 9
Side profile view of a soldier firing off a Carl Gustav recoiless rifle
3 / 9
Braylon Edwards of the Cleveland Browns (dont ask) handles a Carl Gustav recoiless rifle
4 / 9
A soldier prepared to fire his Carl Gustav recoiless rifle
5 / 9
Close-up detail view of the launcher front and optics system of the Carl Gustav recoiless rifle
6 / 9
An unloaded Carl Gustav recoiless rifle; note rifling within
7 / 9
An empty Carl Gustav recoiless rifle held by a soldier; note internal rifling and optics
8 / 9
Rear view of a Carl Gustav recoiless rifle
9 / 9
Side view of a Carl Gustav recoiless rifle being readied by a soldier; note foreground soldier lobbing grenade

Jump-to: Specifications

The Carl-Gustav 84mm recoiless rifle design is a popular and widely used multi-purpose weapons platform appearing with various military groups across the globe.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 06/14/2021 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
The global reach of the Carl Gustav recoilless rifle emphasizes the popularity of the weapon, appearing in three major variants and in use by standard military and special forces alike for some sixty years. The system has been noted from the start for its accuracy, impressive range and firepower since appearing with the Swedish Army in 1948. The system earned its distinct name from the production facility from whence the initial rifles were produced - Carl Gustafs Stads Gevarsfaktori in Sweden - a facility now owned by Bofors.

When introduced, the Carl Gustav was similar in most respects to weapons such as the American Bazooka, British PIAT or German Panzerschreck anti-tank weapons. The Carl Gustav was a recoilless rifle design featuring a rifled barrel which instantly differentiated itself from its contemporaries. The rifled barrel allowed for stabilization of the ammunition to occur through the barrel, negating the need for spring-loaded fins to be used once the projectile reached flight (a popular feature in other systems). This operation allowed the Carl Gustav's projectile greater range and firepower and quickly made it a favorite amongst its users.

Since its inception, the Carl Gustav went on to become a pivotal offensive arm of military forces around the globe (even seeing license-production in Japan with Sumitomo). The M1 appeared in 1948 and was followed by the improved Carl Gustav M2 in 1964. The M3 followed decades later in 1991 and featured a host of improvements, chief among these being a reduction in overall weight in part to the replacement of internal steel components. The Carl Gustav remains in operational service in its varied forms and is a particular favorite with special forces groups including the United States Special Operations COMmand (USSOCOM) units.

The rifle can fire all types of ammunition beyond its primary anti-armor projectiles and include illumination, anti-structure, smoke, practice and anti-personnel (flechette) projectiles. A crew of two is required for optimal service though the simplicity of the system allows for a single operator/firer at the cost of rate of fire. Optical, laser rangefinder and image intensification sights (along with the standard iron sights) can be mounted and greatly improve the weapon for a variety of specialty roles as needed. Ammunition is reloaded through a hinged breech on the side of the tube. The basic main tube features a pistol grip, a forward grip, shoulder strap and optional bipod along with standard iron sights.

Specifications



Service Year
1948

Origin
Sweden national flag graphic
Sweden

Classification


Multirole, Shoulder-Fired Recoilless Rifle


Bofors Anti-Armor AB, Saab Bofors Dynamics - Sweden / Sumitomo Heavy Industries - Japan
National flag of Australia National flag of Austria National flag of Brazil National flag of Canada National flag of Chile National flag of Czechia National flag of Denmark National flag of modern Germany National flag of Greece National flag of India National flag of Indonesia National flag of Iraq National flag of Ireland National flag of Israel National flag of modern Japan National flag of Jordan National flag of Malaysia National flag of Myanmar National flag of the Netherlands National flag of New Zealand National flag of Norway National flag of Peru National flag of Poland National flag of Portugal National flag of Singapore National flag of South Korea National flag of Sweden National flag of Thailand National flag of Turkey National flag of the United Kingdom National flag of the United States National flag of Zambia Australia; Austria; Brazil; Botswana; Cambodia; Canada; Chile; Czech Republic; Czechoslovakia; Denmark; Estonia; Germany; Greece; India; Indonesia; Iraq; Ireland; Israel; Japan; Jordan; Lithuania; Malaysia; Myanmar; Nepal; Netherlands; New Zealand; Norway; Peru; Poland; Portugal; Singapore; South Korea; Sweden; Thailand; Turkey; United Kingdom; Zambia; United States
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Anti-Armor / Anti-Tank / Anti-Material
Designed to engage and defeat armor / enemy tanks at range.
Special Forces
Qualities of this weapon have shown its value to Special Forces elements requiring a versatile, reliable solution for the rigors of special assignments.


Overall Length
1,130 mm
44.49 in
Barrel Length
1,130 mm
44.49 in
Empty Wgt
18.74 lb
8.50 kg
Sights


Iron Sights; 3x Optical.


Action


Hinged Breech; Percussion Firing Mechanism

Percussion Cap
Utilizes the percussion cap system of operation to actuate ignition of propellant; much like a child's cap gun, small explosive caps are set upon nipples and these are actuated by a falling hammer previously cocked.
(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)


Caliber(s)*


84x246mm R

Rounds / Feed


Single-Shot; Reusable Launch Tube
Cartridge relative size chart
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources.
**Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.
Rate-of-Fire
6
rds/min
Muzzle Velocity
787 ft/sec
(240 m/sec)


M1 - Production beginning 1946; entered Swedish Army service in 1948.
M2 - Appeared in 1964; "improved" M1 model.
M3 - Appeared in 1991; reduced overall weight; alloy/plastic construction replacing steel components; reinforced outer sleeve.
M3 MAAWS - US Special Forces Designation of Carl Gustav M3 model.
Panzerfaust Carl Gustaf / Leuchtbuchse 84mm - German designation.
Sumitomo FT-84 - Japanese license-production Carl Gustav designation.


Military lapel ribbon for the American Civil War
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2


Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns / operations.

Advertisements





Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies


2022 Military Pay Scale Army Ranks Navy Ranks Air Force Ranks Alphabet Code DoD Dictionary American War Deaths French Military Victories Vietnam War Casualties

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft, and SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-