Aviation & Aerospace - Airpower 2024 - Aircraft by Country - Aircraft Manufacturers Vehicles & Artillery - Armor 2024 - Armor by Country - Armor Manufacturers Infantry Small Arms - Warfighter 2024 - Small Arms by Country - Arms Manufacturers Warships & Submarines - Navies 2024 - Ships by Country - Shipbuilders U.S. Military Pay 2024 Military Ranks Special Forces by Country

Model 1904 Vergueiro-Mauser (Portuguese Mauser)

Bolt-Action Service Rifle.

Portugal | 1904

"The M1904 Vergueiro-Mauser was a Portuguese play on several European rifle designs including the Mauser and Mannlicher."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 10/15/2022 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The Model 1904 Vergueiro-Mauser was a conventional bolt-action service rifle of Portuguese origin. It entered service in 1904 and was used by the host country for some thirty years as a frontline weapon before being replaced by a more modern design. The type saw combat service during World War I (1914-1918), the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939), the Battle of Timor (1942-1943), and even into modern clashes like the Northern Mali Conflict (2012-Present) - such was its relatively modest reach.

Developed by one Jose Alberto Vergueiro, the weapon took on the magazine box design of the German Mauser rifle and combined it with the German Gew 88-style bolt system through the Austro-Hungarian Mannlicher interpretation. This resulted in a local solution to better fit the local requirement. Since the 1890s, the Portuguese Army was trialing various rifle designs to meet the task - including a stock of 1,000 Mannlicher-Schonauer rifles as well as German- and Spanish-originated Mausers. In the end, all proved too expensive for the nation to purchase en masse for its front-line forces - leading to adoption of the M1904 Vergueiro-Mauser instead, these used to supplant the in-service Model 1886 "Kropatshcek" rifles which lacked the capability to fire more modern smokeless, high-velocity cartridges.

The new rifle's form was largely traditional for its time with a full-body wooden stock making up the forend, frame, grip handle, and shoulder stock. Buried within the body were the high-tolerance metal working components that integrated the manually-actuated bolt handle system through a split-bridge receiver design. Locking lugs were set at the detachable bolt head and these would seat into the receiver. The chamber supported the proprietary 6.5x58mm rimless cartridge and a five-round internal box magazine (fed by "stripper clips") was used that included a magazine floor plate release ahead of the trigger guard. The trigger was protected in an oblong loop in the conventional way. A single band was used to combine the wooden forend to the barrel assembly. Sighting devices were set over the frame (tangent leaf rear) and at the muzzle. Sling loops were featured under the shoulder stock and under the forend.

Beyond a stacking hook, the muzzle section was also home to a bayonet support for the mounting of a 11.8-inch-bladed Close Quarters Battle (CQB) solution.

As completed, the rifle had a running length of 48.15 inches and weighed 8.4lb when empty. The rifle could be sighted from 200 to 2,000 meters.

The rifles proved quite reliable and serviceable once in widespread circulation for Portugal and were known generically as "Portuguese Mausers" by outside observers while recognized internally as the "Espingarda 6,5mm m/1904". The long-form gun also begat a shortened, lighter weight version known officially as the "Carabina 6,5mm m/1904".

About 5,000 examples were produced for Brazilian governmental security in 7x57mm Mauser chambering in 1906 to add to the 100,000 or so full-length rifles manufactured for Portugal proper. Captured examples in East Africa by Germany were also rechambered to accept the 7x57mm Mauser cartridge and these saw some action in The Great War. After the Portuguese shift to the German Mauser 98k infantry rifle in 1939, the M1904 Vergueiro-Mauser was rechambered, in turn, to the 7.92x57mm Mauser cartridge to produce the "M1904/39" designation complete with 23.6-inch barrel. These were known formally as "Espingarda 8mm m/1904-39".

Official use of the rifles continued into the 1960s and their reach is such that random examples continue to appear in far-off conflicts even today.

Content ©MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
The physical qualities of the Model 1904 Vergueiro-Mauser (Portuguese Mauser). Information presented is strictly for general reference and should not be misconstrued as useful for hardware restoration or operation.
1,225 mm
48.23 in
O/A Length
735 mm
28.94 in
Barrel Length
8.71 lb
3.95 kg
Manually-Actuated Bolt-Action System of Operation.
6.5x58mm Vergueiro; 7x57mm Mauser
5-round internal magazine
Iron Front and Rear.
Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Model 1904 Vergueiro-Mauser (Portuguese Mauser). Information presented is strictly for general reference and should not be misconstrued as useful for hardware restoration or operation.
2,350 ft/sec
716 m/sec
Muzzle Velocity
Notable series variants as part of the Model 1904 Vergueiro-Mauser (Portuguese Mauser) Bolt-Action Service Rifle. family line.
Model 1904 - Base Series Designation; long-form rifle model.
"Portuguese Mauser" - Generic overseas naming.
Espingarda 6,5mm m/1904 - Official rifle designation.
Carabina 6,5mm m/1904 - Official carbine designation.
Espingarda 8mm m/1904-39 - Official designation of rechambered Model 1904 rifles to 7.92x57mm Mauser; 23.6in barrel length.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Model 1904 Vergueiro-Mauser (Portuguese Mauser). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national small arms listing.

Contractor(s): State Factories / Jose Alberto Vergueiro - Portugal
National flag of Brazil National flag of modern Germany National flag of Portugal National flag of South Africa

[ Brazil; Imperial Germany; Portugal; South Africa ]
Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to requirements.
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Model 1904 Vergueiro-Mauser (Portuguese Mauser) Bolt-Action Service Rifle. appears in the following collections:
Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2024 Military Pay Scale Military Ranks U.S. DoD Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols US 5-Star Generals WW2 Weapons by Country

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

Part of a network of sites that includes Global Firepower, WDMMA.org, WDMMW.org, and World War Next.

©2024 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2024 (21yrs)