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NORINCO HJ-73 (Red Arrow-73)


Man-Portable / Vehicular Anti-Tank Guided-Missile Weapon (ATGM) System (1979)


Infantry Small Arms / The Warfighter

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Image from the Chinese Ministry of Defense.

Jump-to: Specifications

The Chinese HJ-73 Red Arrow Anti-Tank Guided-Missile System is a locally-produced Chinese copy of the Soviet-era 9M14 Malyutka.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 07/08/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
The Chinese defense industry, namely NORINCO (China NORth INdustries COrporation) manufactures the Soviet-era 9M14 "Malyutka" (NATO codename of AT-3 "Sagger") Manual Command-to-Line-of-Sight (MCLOS), wire-guided Anti-Tank, Guided-Missile (ATGM) weapon system under the HJ-73 "Hongjian" ("Red Arrow") name. It retains all of the form-and-function of the Soviet model with four major localized variants developed under the HJ-73 primary designation. These include the base HJ-73 of 1979, the HJ-73B which introduced a SACLOS ("Semi-Automatic Command-to-Line-of-Sight") functionality, the HJ-73C with SACLOS and a stand-off probe assembly (the latter for improved results against Explosive Reactive Armor - ERA - blocks), and the HJ-73D SACLOS unit with its High-Explosive, Anti-Tank (HEAT) armor-defeating tandem warhead.

The 9M14 deserves note in Soviet military lore as becoming its first man-portable ATGM solution and the weapon has been used in its varied forms throughout countless wars including the Vietnam War (1955-1975), the Yom Kippur War (1973), the Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988), and, more recently the Syrian Civil War (2011) and the Saudi-Yemen War (2015-Present). It has a proven track record and multi-role battlefield capability, able to engage armored/unarmored vehicles as well as fortified positions. Design work took place in the early 1960s yet, despite this, the weapon system continues to have an immense reach on the modern battlefield.

The Chinese military has an inventory of thousands of these weapon systems. The Red Arrow line features effective engagement ranges between 500 and 3,000 meters giving attack crews a good "reach" against far-ranging targets. The 125mm caliber missile travels at speeds of 115 to 130 meters-per-second. The weapon is a flexible enough to be fired from its prepared launcher unit or from a vehicle / aircraft.

Specifications



Service Year
1979

Origin
China national flag graphic
China

Classification


Man-Portable / Vehicular Anti-Tank Guided-Missile Weapon (ATGM) System


China NORth INDustries COrporation (NORINCO) - China
National flag of China China
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Fire Support
Capable of suppressing enemy elements at range through direct or in-direct fire.
Anti-Armor / Anti-Tank / Anti-Material
Designed to engage and defeat armor / enemy tanks at range.


Overall Length
1,005 mm
39.57 in
Barrel Length
860 mm
33.86 in
Empty Wgt
22.05 lb
10.00 kg
Sights


Integrated Optics Set.


Action


Not Available.

(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)


Caliber(s)*


125mm

Sample Visuals**


Graphical image of an Anti-Tank Guided-Missile (ATGM)
Rounds / Feed


Single-Shot, Reusable Launcher.
Cartridge relative size chart
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources.
**Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.
Max Eff.Range
9,845 ft
(3,001 m | 3,282 yd)
Rate-of-Fire
4
rds/min


HJ-73 "Red Arrow-73" - Base Series Name; MCLOS (Manual Command-to-Line-Of-Sight).
HJ-73B - SACLOS (Semi-Automatic Command-to-Line-Of-Sight).
HJ-73C ("SACLOS+") - With stand-off probe for improved performance against ERA-protected vehicles.
HJ-73D ("SACLOS++") - With tandem HEAT warhead for improved armor-defeating performance.


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