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VKS / VSSK (BKC / Vykhlop)

Bolt-Action Heavy Sniper / Anti-Material Rifle (AMR)

Russia | 2004

"The VSK Heavy Sniper Rifle was designed with elements of Russian federal security forces in mind."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 07/17/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
CKIB SOO (the Central Design Bureau of Sporting and Hunting Weapons) of Russia designed the VKS ("Vykhlop") heavy sniper rifle to fulfill a Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation (FSB) requirement. The FSB is a special tactical military-level internal police/security force operated at the government level across Russia and was formed following the collapse of the Soviet Union (1947-1991) in 1995 - taking over the role of the KGB. with production ramping up in 2002, the VKS sniper weapon has been in service since 2004.

The VKS is arranged in a bull-pup configuration with seats the action and feed system aft of the trigger group and pistol grip. This allows a full-length barrel to be used while promoting a slightly more compact overall length when compared to traditional long guns. The rifle fires the massive 12.7x55mm STs-130 cartridge which is highly suitable against "soft" targets (such as enemy infantry, even if clad in body armor) and lightly-armored vehicles. Additionally, the rifle has the power to knock out individual exposed systems on deadlier battlefield vehicles such as Main Battle Tanks (MBTs).

The STs-130 cartridge also appeared in 2002 and forged from the .338 Lapua Magnum rifle cartridge already in existence. The case measures 2.1" in length which, with the 0.50" bullet, makes for a 3.7" long cartridge. The same cartridge is used in another Russian gun - the ASh-12.7 bullpup "battle rifle". Several variants of the base cartridge design have appeared since introduction.

The VKS is manually-operated by way of a bolt-action lever system. Each round, fed from a detachable 5-round box magazine under the shoulder stock, is individually led into the chamber by the action whilst any spend casing is ejected in a single, fluid motion by the operator. The weapon has a smooth frame and exterior black finish, cleared of many obstructions and protrusions. The pistol grip and trigger unit are seated near the midway point of the rifle's length and, over this, is the bolt-handle. Over the receiver can be fitted an optics set along a Picatinny-style rail system. Folding iron sights are also provided. The shoulder stock is padded and the magazine well is angled forward while being set behind the grip handled. Ahead of the trigger unit is a slotted forend housing the barrel. The forward end of the barrel is wholly-encased in a large suppressor which is integral to the design - allowing for clandestine ranged work by special forces units - and is somewhat unique for a weapon of this large caliber.

As it stands, the VKS is a powerful addition to the armory of FSB units, providing much-needed ranged firepower and penetration-at-range.

Content ©MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
The physical qualities of the VKS / VSSK (BKC / Vykhlop). Information presented is strictly for general reference and should not be misconstrued as useful for hardware restoration or operation.
1,120 mm
44.09 in
O/A Length
450 mm
17.72 in
Barrel Length
15.43 lb
7.00 kg
Manually-Actuated Bolt-Action System
12.7x55mm STs-130
5-Round Detachable Box Magazine.
Iron Sights; Supported Optics Sets.
Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the VKS / VSSK (BKC / Vykhlop). Information presented is strictly for general reference and should not be misconstrued as useful for hardware restoration or operation.
1,968 ft
599.8 m | 656.0 yds
985 ft/sec
300 m/sec
Muzzle Velocity
Notable series variants as part of the VKS / VSSK (BKC / Vykhlop) Bolt-Action Heavy Sniper / Anti-Material Rifle (AMR) family line.
VSK - Base Series Designation
BKC - Alternative Designation
VSSK - Alternative Designation
"Vykhlop" - Alternative name taken from the development phase of the rifle's program.
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the VKS / VSSK (BKC / Vykhlop). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national small arms listing.

Contractor(s): Russia
National flag of Russia

[ Russia ]
Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to requirements.
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The VKS / VSSK (BKC / Vykhlop) Bolt-Action Heavy Sniper / Anti-Material Rifle (AMR) appears in the following collections:
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