Aviation & Aerospace - Airpower 2024 - Aircraft by Country - Aircraft Manufacturers Vehicles & Artillery - Armor 2024 - Armor by Country - Armor Manufacturers Infantry Small Arms - Warfighter 2024 - Small Arms by Country - Arms Manufacturers Warships & Submarines - Navies 2024 - Ships by Country - Shipbuilders U.S. Military Pay 2024 Military Ranks Special Forces by Country

Arisaka Type 30

Bolt-Action Service Rifle / Infantry Carbine

Imperial Japan | 1899

"The Type 30 began the Japanese military commitment to the Arisaka rifle family and its corresponding cartridge."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 05/22/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The first indigenous Japanese rifle became the "Murata Rifle" of 1880 and this series of bolt-actions saw service across battlefields of the 19th and 20th centuries. The series was inspired by European developments and fed from a tube magazine while the action of the bolt was manual. From this experience lay the ground work for a more modern rifle to follow - the Arisaka Type 30, the first rifle to bear the Arisaka name.

Before the end of the 1800s, the Imperial Japanese Army was already on the lookout for a successor to the Murata series and began development on such a weapon in December of 1895. Colonel Arisaka Nariakira headed its design (prototypes recognized as the "Type 29") and the construction of the gun had through the Koishikawa Arsenal of Tokyo. In its original form, the rifle would be chambered for the 6.5x50mm Arisaka cartridge. The action remained a manual bolt and feeding would be through a 5-round internal magazine. Weight became 8.7lb and overall length was 50" with a barrel assembly measuring 31.4"".

Outwardly, the rifle took on the form of those rifles of the period - a long-running wooden stock formed the major section (and weight) of the long gun and the metal components were inlaid. The pistol grip was integrated as part of the stock and receiver. Banding was present along the barrel and forend to provide rigidity. Sighting devices allowed for ranging targets up to 1,500 meters. Muzzle velocity was rated at 2,510 feet-per-second. The bayonet Type 30 could be affixed under the barrel to provide a longer-range stabbing weapon than simply a combat knife.

After some refinements to the Type 29, the rifle was adopted into service with the Imperial Japanese Army as its standard long gun as the "Type 30" (to mark the 30th year of the Meiji period, a common practice of Japanese weapons of the imperial period). Service entry was actually 1899.

The Type 30 was pressed into action as soon as the Boxer Rebellion of 1899-1901 and, a little late, in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905 - the latter ending as a Japanese victory to the surprise of many. A shortened carbine model was also made to better maneuverability of the weapon in confined spaces or from horseback. Some 554,000 of the rifle design were produced in all and 45,000 carbines further strengthened this number.

Article Continues Below Advertisement...
Other Arisaka Type 30 forms were the Type 30 Training Rifle, for blank-firing exercises, and the "Manchu Arisaka" which were the same service rifles produced in China. A local, low-budget derivative of the Manchu was also known and this became the "North China Type 30" in carbine form - though chambered for the German 7.92x57mm Mauser cartridge instead. The Type 35 Navy was nothing more than the Type 30 in Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) service.

Practical use revealed some inherent shortcomings of the rifle, however, namely in its chambering of the weak 6.5x50mm Arisaka cartridge which offered poorer man-stopping power when compared to European contemporaries. Reliability was also a factor in the disdain some generated for this long gun. This led to a more refined product in the Arisaka Type 38 (detailed elsewhere on this site) and the newer gun was adopted as soon as 1906 - though it still retained reliance on the Arisaka cartridge. However, the sheer availability of the Type 30 by the time of World War 1 (1914-1918) meant that both the Type 30 and Type 38 rifles were in circulation and service with frontline troops.

Use of the Type 30 was not limited to just Japan and China for several other powers of the period inquired and received the weapon in number. Some were captured by the Austrian-Hungarian Empire in actions along the Eastern Front during the fighting of World War 1 and some saw conversion to the local 6.5x54mm Mannlicher cartridge. Over half a million were ordered by the desperate Russian Empire and the British ordered both the Type 30 and Type 38 rifle series to shore up their own stock until Lee-Enfields could be had in the numbers required (these then passed on to Russia from 1916 onwards). Estonia and Finland rounded out the list, the former modifying their stock to accept the British .303 rifle cartridge instead.

The Type 30's legacy was also not ended with the close of World War 1 in 1918 for the series went on to see extended combat actions in the Chinese Civil War (1927-1936), the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945), World War 2 (1939-1945), the Indonesian National Revolution (1945-1949) and the Malayan Emergency (1948-1960).

Content ©MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
The physical qualities of the Arisaka Type 30. Information presented is strictly for general reference and should not be misconstrued as useful for hardware restoration or operation.
1,280 mm
50.39 in
O/A Length
797 mm
31.38 in
Barrel Length
8.71 lb
3.95 kg
Manually-Actuated Bolt-Action System; Repeat-Fire.
6.5x50mm Arisaka; .303 British; 65x54mm Mannlicher-Schonauer
5-round internal magazine.
Iron Front and Rear.
Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the Arisaka Type 30. Information presented is strictly for general reference and should not be misconstrued as useful for hardware restoration or operation.
1,475 ft
449.6 m | 491.7 yds
2,510 ft/sec
765 m/sec
Muzzle Velocity
Notable series variants as part of the Arisaka Type 30 Bolt-Action Service Rifle / Infantry Carbine family line.
Type 30 - Base Series Designation; 31.1" barrel assembly.
Type 30 Carbine - Shortened carbine model with 18.9" barrel assembly.
Type 30 Trainer - Blank-firing training rifle
"Manchu Arisaka" - Type 30 rifles produced in China
North China Type 30 - Carbine rifles produced in China (namely Tientsin).
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the Arisaka Type 30. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national small arms listing.

Contractor(s): State Factories / Arisaka - Empire of Japan
National flag of Austria National flag of the Austro-Hungarian Empire National flag of China National flag of Estonia National flag of Finland National flag of Hungary National flag of modern Japan National flag of Russia National flag of Taiwan National flag of the United Kingdom

[ Austria-Hungary (captured); China (Taiwan); Estonia; Finland; Imperial Japan; Imperial Russia; United Kingdom ]
Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to requirements.
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The Arisaka Type 30 Bolt-Action Service Rifle / Infantry Carbine appears in the following collections:
Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2024 Military Pay Scale Military Ranks U.S. DoD Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols US 5-Star Generals WW2 Weapons by Country

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

Part of a network of sites that includes Global Firepower, WDMMA.org, WDMMW.org, and World War Next.

©2024 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2024 (21yrs)