Aviation & Aerospace - Airpower 2024 - Aircraft by Country - Aircraft Manufacturers Vehicles & Artillery - Armor 2024 - Armor by Country - Armor Manufacturers Infantry Small Arms - Warfighter 2024 - Small Arms by Country - Arms Manufacturers Warships & Submarines - Navies 2024 - Ships by Country - Shipbuilders U.S. Military Pay 2024 Military Ranks Special Forces by Country


General Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG)

China | 1983

"The NORINCO Type 80 emerged as a Chinese copy of the Soviet PK-PKM series machine guns and found a few global operators since its introduction in 1983."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 02/09/2023 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
Close military ties with the Soviet Union prior to the Sino-Soviet split (1960-1989) meant that the Chinese Army fielded many weapons of Soviet origin / influence. This allowed a burgeoning local industry to take hold in China to which many Soviet arms were produced. This was the case with the NORINCO Type 80 General Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG) which was nothing more than a copy of the Soviet-originated PK series - or rather more specifically the PKM model line of 1969.

The Type 80 was seen as a viable replacement for the locally-developed Type 67 machine gun series. however, the weapon was not adopted by China on a grand scale as the Type 67 was still seen as a viable battlefield solution. This led to the Type 80 seeing only limited adoption within Chinese circles.

Design work was in the early 1980s which led to the system being formally adopted in 1983, maintaining a relatively small footprint globally today (2016) - with Chinese special forces elements as well as the Bangladeshi and Sri Lankan armies taking the type into service. Croatian police were another operator of the weapon but retired the line sometime in the 1990s.

As with most Soviet-inspired designs, the Type 80 was chambered to fire the 7.62x54mmR rifle cartridge which offered good penetration value at range - certainly a proven man-stopper. As a true GPMG, the weapon fed from a link belt ammunition supply of 100, 200 or 250-round count. The action was gas-operated with an open bolt design firing on full automatic. Rate-of-fire was listed at 700 to 800 rounds-per-minute with a muzzle velocity of 2,775 feet-per-second and range out to 1,640 yards. Sighting was through open iron fittings though optics were eventually supported for improved ranged accuracy as well as night time operations.

Article Continues Below Advertisement...
As the Type 80 was inspired from the Soviet PK machine gun series, it carried over many "Kalashnikov-style" features including use of wooden furniture and a gas cylinder set over the barrel assembly.

Overall weight of the weapon reached 27.8 lb and overall length was 46.9 inches with a barrel measuring 25.9 inches long. The Type 80 was further designed to be fired with support from a folding bipod assembly or a heavier-duty tripod assembly.

The Type 86 represented a modernized / modified version of the same Type 80 weapon system. This model went on to see adoption by the Chinese Army in some number. An export version was developed as the CF-06 and was unique in that it chambered the Western-favored 7.62x51mm NATO rifle cartridge instead. The product was introduced in 2008 and was redesignated to CS/LM4.

Bangladesh has produced a local version of the Type 80 as the BD-14.

Content ©MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
The physical qualities of the NORINCO Type 80. Information presented is strictly for general reference and should not be misconstrued as useful for hardware restoration or operation.
1,192 mm
46.93 in
O/A Length
658 mm
25.91 in
Barrel Length
27.56 lb
12.50 kg
Gas-Operated; Open-Bolt; Full-Automatic Fire; Belt-fed
100-, 200, or 250-round ammunition belt
Open Iron; Optional Optics
Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the NORINCO Type 80. Information presented is strictly for general reference and should not be misconstrued as useful for hardware restoration or operation.
4,920 ft
1,499.6 m | 1,640.0 yds
2,775 ft/sec
846 m/sec
Muzzle Velocity
Notable series variants as part of the NORINCO Type 80 General Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG) family line.
Type 80 - Base Series Model; copy of Soviet PK/PKM machine gun.
Type 86 - Modified / modernized machine gun for Chinese military.
CF-06 (CS/LM4) - Export variant; model of 2008.
BD-14 - Local Bangladeshi-produced model (Type 80)
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the NORINCO Type 80. Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national small arms listing.

Contractor(s): China NORth INdustries COrporation (NORINCO) - China
National flag of Bangladesh National flag of China National flag of Croatia National flag of Iraq National flag of Sri Lanka National flag of Syria National flag of Thailand

[ Bangladesh; Cambodia; Croatia; China; Iraq; Malta; Sri Lanka; Syria; Thailand ]
1 / 1
Image of the NORINCO Type 80
Image from the Public Domain (via Wikipedia).

Design Qualities
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to requirements.
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
The NORINCO Type 80 General Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG) appears in the following collections:
Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2024 Military Pay Scale Military Ranks U.S. DoD Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols US 5-Star Generals WW2 Weapons by Country

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

Part of a network of sites that includes Global Firepower, WDMMA.org, WDMMW.org, and World War Next.

©2024 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2024 (21yrs)