×
Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Small Arms Warships & Submarines Military Ranks Military Pay Scale (2024) Special Forces

MP-443 (Grach)


Semi-Automatic Military Service Pistol


Russia | 2008



"The MP-443 Grach was selected to replace the outgoing line of Makarovs service pistols in Russian service."

Performance
Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for the MP-443 (Grach). Information presented is strictly for general reference and should not be misconstrued as useful for hardware restoration or operation.
165 ft
50.3 m | 55.0 yds
Max.Eff.Range
40
Rounds-Per-Minute
Rate-of-Fire
1,470 ft/sec
448 m/sec
Muzzle Velocity
Physical
The physical qualities of the MP-443 (Grach). Information presented is strictly for general reference and should not be misconstrued as useful for hardware restoration or operation.
198 mm
7.80 in
O/A Length
112 mm
4.41 in
Barrel Length
2.09 lb
0.95 kg
Weight
Semi-Automatic; Short-Recoil
Action
9x19mm Parabellum; 9x19mm 7N21 +P+
Caliber(s)
17- or 18-round detachable box magazine
Feed
Fixed Iron Front and Rear.
Sights
Variants
Notable series variants as part of the MP-443 (Grach) Semi-Automatic Military Service Pistol family line.
MP-443 - Base Series Designation.
PYa - Alternative Name.
6P35 "Grach" - Development Designation.


Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 06/20/2022 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

The MP-443 Grach (Mechanical Plant Model 443 - "Rook") was adopted by the Russian Army as its standard sidearm in 2003 but useful numbers were not seen until about 2012. It succeeded the ages-old Makarov pistol as standard issue. Criticized for its all-steel construction (adding to its overall weight) and general reliability when compared to proven products like Glock, the MP-443 is nonetheless a powerful handgun and most notable for its firing of an armor-piercing, body-armor-defeating cartridge. During its trial phase, the MP-443 was designated as the "6P35". It has since been known as the "PYa" as well.

The sidearm is manufactured out of the Izhevsk Mechanical Plant and its design stems from Vladimir Yarygin.

Origins of the Grach stem from a 1993 Russian military requirement seeking to replace the limited-capacity Makarov series pistol which saw widespread adoption by military, governmental, special forces and police units. The requirement called for a Double-Action (DA) trigger system and a high-capacity 17-round magazine (an 18-round magazine was introduced in 2004). The all-steel construction was part of the original makeup of the gun and chamberings requested included 9x19mm Parabellum, 9x18mm Makarov and 7.62x25mm Tokarev. The MP-443 followed through on these qualities and settled on the 9x19mm 7N21 +P+ (a 9mm NATO equivalent) pistol cartridge as its primary round.

The action used is the short-recoil (with locked breech) arrangement and sights are fixed out to 50 meters. The sighting combination pairs a front blade with 3-dot reach notch, all fixed. All other mechanical functions of the sidearm are conventional with the slide lock, safety and magazine release all located in their usual positions along the frame of the gun. Magazines are inserted into the base of the grip handle in the usual way.

Introduction of the MP-443 series was agonizingly slow and first occurred with specialist Russian troops around 2008. Serious quantitative production was seen in 2011 leading to increased widespread service of the pistol from 2012 onward.

Since its formal introduction, the MP-443 has seen several civilian-market developments appear lead by the MP-446 "Viking" model. This maintains much of the form and function of the military version but does not support firing of armor-piercing cartridges. The MP-446C is an offshoot with a 10-round magazine limit. The MP-353 fires rubber bullets and is classified as a "non-lethal" pistol. The MP-472 follows suit as a non-lethal pistol development.

Beyond Russia, the Grach pistol line has been adopted by private firms in Kazakhstan (2007).

Content ©MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
Operators
Global customers who have evaluated and/or operated the MP-443 (Grach). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national small arms listing.

Contractor(s): Izhevsk Mechanical Plant / Rosoboronexport - Russia
National flag of Kazakhstan National flag of Russia National flag of Venezuela

[ Kazakhstan; Russia; Venezuela ]
1 / 2
Image of the MP-443 (Grach)
Image from official Rosoboronexport marketing materials.
2 / 2
Image of the MP-443 (Grach)
Image copyright www.MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.

Going Further...
The MP-443 (Grach) Semi-Automatic Military Service Pistol appears in the following collections:
HOME
SMALL ARMS INDEX
SPECIAL FORCES
ARMS BY COUNTRY
ARMS MANUFACTURERS
COMPARE ARMS
ARMS BY CONFLICT
ARMS BY TYPE
ARMS BY DECADE
MODERN SMALL ARMS
RUSSO-UKRAINIAN WAR
Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2024 Military Pay Scale Military Ranks of the World U.S. Department of Defense Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols Breakdown U.S. 5-Star Generals List WWII Weapons by Country

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org (World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft), WDMMW.org (World Directory of Modern Military Warships), SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane, and MilitaryRibbons.info, cataloguing military medals and ribbons. Special Interest: RailRoad Junction, the locomotive encyclopedia.


©2024 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2024 (21yrs)