The QBZ-95 is currently (2017) the standard-issue assault rifle of the Chinese Army (People's Liberation Army = PLA) and its design forms the basis for a family of related weapons. Its Light Support Weapon (LSW) form is the QBB-95 and this system maintains the same bullpup-style arrangement with the feed and action centered along the aft section of the length. This allows a full-length barrel to be used without much added overall length. What this does is create a modular weapons family with high commonality of parts between them - one weapon designed to undertake a variety of battlefield roles.
Production of the QBB-95 began in 1995 though the gun was first observed in 1997.
The QBB-95 is chambered for the indigenous Chinese 5.8x42mm cartridge developed in the 1980s for the Chinese military. It is an intermediate rifle round comparable to the American 5.56x45mm NATO cartridge. A short-stroke, gas-operated system with rotating bolt makes up the firing action and feeding is by way of 30-round detachable box magazine through a 75-round drum is also supported. Due to its bullpup configuration, the feeding is aft of the pistol grip and trigger unit. Over the receiver of the weapon are standard fixtures such as a long-running carrying handle and sighting devices. The barrel protrudes a distance away from the forend and is capped by slotted flash hider / compensator. Muzzle velocity of the outgoing bullets is 3,180 feet-per-second with an effective firing range between 600 and 800 meters.
As a Light Support Weapon (LSW), the product is intended to be featured at the squad level, giving voluminous fire while promoting a compact footprint. The 5.8mm cartridge, a slightly heavier design compared to the 5.56mm, provides good penetrative power in instances where the older 5.56mm cartridge sees its effectiveness somewhat reduced at medium-to-long ranges. As such the QBB-95 fulfills a vital role in infantry actions, particularly in urban settings where ranges are more constrained but can expand to cover street blocks.
A variant of the QBB-95 family is the QBB-97 which is chambered for 5.56x45mm NATO and primarily aimed at export. Operators of the QBB-95 beyond China currently (2017) include Cambodia and Sri Lanka.
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Capable of suppressing enemy elements at range through direct or in-direct fire.
840 mm 33.07 in
600 mm 23.62 in
8.71 lb 3.95 kg
Iron Front and Rear
Gas-Operated; Rotating Bolt; Selective-Fire
System utilizes internal mechanism to lock the breech or rear barrel assembly prior to firing.
Gas-operated system is featured, typically involving a gas cylinder and rear-driven piston directing energy to the bolt component.
(Material presented above is for historical and entertainment value and should not be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation - always consult official manufacturer sources for such information)
*May not represent an exhuastive list; calibers are model-specific dependent, always consult official manufacturer sources. **Graphics not to actual size; not all cartridges may be represented visually; graphics intended for general reference only.
2,300 ft (701 m | 767 yd)
3,200 ft/sec (975 m/sec)
QBB-95 - Base Series Designation
Type 95 - Alternative Designation
QBB-97 - Export Model Designation chambered for 5.56x45mm NATO cartridge.
Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective campaigns / operations.
The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.
Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft, and SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane.