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RPG-76 Komar (Mosquito)

Poland (1985)
Picture of RPG-76 Komar (Mosquito) Single-Shot, Disposable Rocket-Propelled Grenade (RPG)

The RPG-76 Komar was developed as a lightweight, single-shot anti-tank weapon for Polish infantrymen.


Detailing the development and operational history of the RPG-76 Komar (Mosquito) Single-Shot, Disposable Rocket-Propelled Grenade (RPG).  Entry last updated on 7/18/2018; Authored by Staff Writer; Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The tank has been an infantry danger since the days of World War 1 (1914-1918) when they proved the difference between victory and defeat in the latter offensives of the conflict. Over the decades, militaries have funded development of various tank counters, running the gamut of portable shoulder-fired rockets, missiles, and grenades, specialized mines, and large-caliber armor-defeating rifles. Near the end of the Cold War in 1985, the Polish Army took into inventory a locally-developed solution intended to provide its infantrymen with a very portable anti-armor weapon - the RPG-76 "Komar" ("Mosquito").

Design work on the weapon began in the early 1970s between a group of Polish ad Bulgarian engineers and prototype rockets followed in 1973 (the launchers would come in 1980). From 1983 to 1995, some 100,000 of the weapon arrived through serial production out of Precision Works, Niewiadow and into the hands of Polish troopers (Bulgarian participation in the project ended some years prior). The RPG-70 became a single-shot anti-tank grenade launcher solution utilizing an unguided, armor-defeating rocket-powered projectile fired from a simple, hand-held / shoulder-braded launch tube. The weapon weighed 2 kilograms assembled and featured an overall length of 1,190 mm when fully extended / opened and made ready-to-fire. The rocket's caliber was a then-useful 68mm which provided penetration of up to 260mm of base armor protection. Muzzle velocity was 145 meters per second with an effective firing range out to 250 meters. Sighting was through a iron arrangement fixed onto the launch tube. Once fired, the expended launch tube was discarded making them relatively cheap to mass-produce and easy to operate / maintain.

A single soldier could carry multiple RPG-76 packs for a repeat-fire anti-tank capability and, while this would appear as something of a burden, it proved far more handy than hauling a full-size Soviet-style RPG weapon system and its reload rocket grenades. The smaller profile of the RPG-76 also made it far safer to fire the weapon from the confines of enclosed spaces unlike the RPG series which tended to generate a considerable amount of "back-blast" in such a scenario.

Despite the promising aspects of the RPG-76, it arrived at a time that saw Western armor protection rapidly evolving to nullify the benefits of a portable, small-caliber anti-armor solution. This limited the large-scale use of the RPG-76 in the Polish Army and left it primarily for the more specialized troopers such as airborne and special forces. Despite this, the weapon has managed an active position within the Polish military inventory into the 2000s, seeing service with Polish elements as recently as Afghanistan and Iraq where its capabilities are regarded as sound against certain types of fortifications, light armored / unarmored vehicles, and dug-in enemy personnel.

The modern primary approach to "tank-busting" for the Polish Army falls to a collection of weapons that includes the venerable Carl Gustav recoilless rifle.

Any available statistics for the RPG-76 Komar (Mosquito) Single-Shot, Disposable Rocket-Propelled Grenade (RPG) are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering initial year of service, country-of-origin and manufacture(s) involved in bringing the weapon to market. Other qualities showcased are related to physical values such as the internal action, available calibers / chamberings, weight and lengths. Global operators are also presented in A-to-Z format as are any model variants available to the series.
Supported Mission Types:
Frontline Issuance
Special Forces
Close Quarters Battle
Sniper
Designated Marksman/Sharpshooter
Suppressed/Silenced
Area Effect/Suppression
Indirect Fire
Airspace Denial
Anti-Material
Attachment Weapon
Aircraft-Mounted
Vehicle-Mounted
Antique/Collectors
Prototype/Development
National Flag Graphic
Origin: Poland
Year: 1985
Type: Single-Shot, Disposable Rocket-Propelled Grenade (RPG)
Manufacturer(s): Precision Works - Poland
Global Operators:
Poland
Structural - Internal Design, Dimensions, and Weights:

Operation
ACTION


System
Single-Shot; Disposable Launch Tube


Operation
CALIBER(S)


(Model / Chambering Dependent)
68mm


Operation
FEED


(Model / Chambering Dependent)
Single-Shot


Length
OVERALL


Millimeters
1,190 mm


Inches
46.85 in


Length
BARREL


Millimeters
805 mm


Inches
31.69 in


Structural
WEIGHT


Pounds (Unloaded)
3.92 lb


Kilograms (Unloaded)
1.78 kg


Ranged
Sights


Arrangement
Iron

Operating Performance (Typical):
Performance
MUZZLE
VELOCITY



Feet-per-Second
476 ft/sec


Meters-per-Second
145 m/sec


Performance
Rate-of-Fire


Rounds-per-Minute
1 rpm


Performance
RANGE


Feet
820 ft


Meters
250 m


Yards
273 yd

Variants: Series Model Variants
• RPG-76 "Komar" - Base Series Name