Military Factory logo
Icon of F-15 Eagle military combat fighter aircraft
Icon of Abrams Main Battle Tank
Icon of navy warships
Icon of AK-47 assault rifle
HOME
SMALL ARMS
COUNTRIES
MANUFACTURERS
COLD WAR
MODERN


2B9 Vasilek (Cornflower)


82mm Towed Heavy Gun-Mortar


Introduced during the 1980s, the 2B9 Vailek 82mm gun-mortar is still in use with modern Russian airborne forces.
Authored By: Staff Writer | Edited: 5/22/2018
National Flag Graphic

Specifications


Year: 1970
Manufacturer(s): Bolshevik Plant - Soviet Union
Roles: In-Direct Fire/Siege/Area Effect;
Action: Breech- or Muzzle-Loaded
Caliber(s): 82mm
Sights: Integrated Optics
Weight (Unloaded): 1,399.94 lb (635.00 kg)
Muzzle Velocity: 890 feet-per-second (271 meters-per-second)
Rate-of-Fire: 25 rounds-per-minute
Effective Range: 14,000 ft (4,267 m; 4,667 yd)
Operators: Armenia; Iraq; Russia; Syria; Soviet Union; Ukraine
The mortar as a battlefield weapon has been a mainstay of militaries for decades. In 1970, the Soviet Army introduced a new heavy-class "gun-mortar" as the 2B9 "Vasilek" - or "Cornflower". The system fired 82mm projectiles out to ranges of 4,270 meters reaching rates-of-fire up to 120 rounds-per-minute. With the fall of the Soviet Union in the late 1980s-early 1990s, the weapon passed on to the modern Russian Army and the armies of Armenia and Ukraine. A foreign customer of the product became Syria.

For mobility, the 2B9 was set atop a heavy-duty, two-wheeled split-trail carriage system which allowed towing by mover vehicle or large-scale traversal adjustments by the crew (of at least four to six personnel). A sighting device allowed for more precise firing through up to 3x magnification. The launch tube could be loaded through its breech assembly or down the muzzle. The tube's mounting hardware held an inherent traverse span of 60-degrees to either side from center and an elevation span from -1 to +85 degrees. Each 82mm projectile weighed seven pounds. A recoil mechanism was fitted about the launch tube to contend with the forces at work. A circular baseplate was lowered prior to firing which raised the unit from its wheeled support while the rear of the system was suspended by the split-trail carriage arms.

Original Vasilek models were the 2B9 series and these were followed by a modernized form in 1983 designated as the "2B9M". In 1988, a vehicle-mounted form emerged for use on MT-LB Armored Personnel Carriers (APCs) which broadened the tactical value of both vehicle and weapon considerably - very useful combination for the indirect fire support role.

The Vasilek weapon has been in constant use since its inception, being seen as recently as in the fighting of the Syrian Civil War (2011-????) (by both rebel elements and government forces) and in the Donbass Region of the Ukrainian Civil War (2014-????) (again by rebel elements and government forces).






Variants / Models



• 2B9 "Vasilek" - Base Series Designation
Site Disclaimer  |  Privacy Policy  |  Cookies  |  Site Map

www.MilitaryFactory.com. Site content ©2003- MilitaryFactory.com, All Rights Reserved.

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, and WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo