MANUFACTURER(S): Zaklady Mechaniczne Tarnow - Poland
OPERATORS: Lithuania; Poland
ACTION: Single-Shot; Reusable
LENGTH (OVERALL): 324 millimeters (12.76 inches)
LENGTH (BARREL): 324 millimeters (12.76 inches)
WEIGHT (UNLOADED): 2.76 pounds (1.25 kilograms)
SIGHTS: Notch; Folding Leaf
MUZZLE VELOCITY: 256 feet-per-second (78 meters-per-second)
RATE-OF-FIRE: 6 rounds-per-minute
RANGE (EFFECTIVE): 1,400 feet (427 meters; 467 yards)
Detailing the development and operational history of the Pallad wz. 1974 (Palladium) Under-Barrel Single-Shot Grenade Launcher.
Entry last updated on 7/18/2018.
Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
During the Cold War, Polish military industry maintained a path apart from that of the Soviet Union. Founded in 1917, and established to produce mainly foreign-born weapons under license, Tarnow Mechanical Works went on to manage many indigenous developments covering various small arms in the decades following that included semi-automatic pistols, automatic weapons, and Anti-Aircraft Artillery (AAA). While the Soviet Army adopted the GP-25/GP-30 series of Under-Barrel Grenade Launchers (UBGLs), the Polish Army pursued a local solution in what became the Pallad wz. 1974 ("Palladium"). Design work spanned from 1968 until 1970 when serial production began and formal introduction of the weapon followed in 1974 (hence the designation).
The wz. 1974 succeeded the wz. 1960 grenade weapon which was essentially a Kalashnikov-based carbine arranged (by way of a launcher adapter at the muzzle) to fire rifle-grenades.
The wz. 1974 was primarily developed as an under-barrel component to the AKM assault rifle - this weapon the modernized 1960's derivative of the storied Ak-47 assault rifle family. The launcher was chambered for a 40x47mm grenade which followed accepted practice that continues even today (2015). A stand-alone system emerged in time which equipped a pistol grip and two-strut folding shoulder stock to become the wz. 1983 "Pallad D".
The Pallad went on to provide good service during its time as a frontline weapon and, to an extent, continues to do so today (2015). A stock of ex-Polish Army Pallad launchers were passed on to the Lithuanian Army.