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NORINCO Type 85 Submachine Gun (SMG) / Assault Carbine (China)

The Type 85 submachine gun is still in use with Chinese police and PLA forces.

 Entry last updated on 8/17/2017; Authored by Staff Writer; Content ¬©

  NORINCO Type 85  
Picture of NORINCO Type 85 Submachine Gun (SMG) / Assault Carbine (China)

The Chinese Type 85 submachine gun appeared in two forms in the 1980s as a budget-conscious replacement for the Type 79 submachine gun and the Type 64 silenced submachine gun. The base submachine gun featured a blowback mechanism firing from an open bolt arrangement, a steel folding stock and the option to fire single round mode or full automatic.

The silenced version of the Type 85 features a steel silencer and fires the subsonic 7.62x25mm Type 64 cartridge though the 7.62x25mm Type 51 / TT cartridge is still available to this type of weapon at the expense of stealth.

Both versions feature the folding stock and a 30-round detachable box magazine.


Service Year: 1985
Type: Submachine Gun (SMG) / Assault Carbine
National Origin: China
Manufacturer(s): China NORth INdustries COrporation (NORINCO) - China

Design (Internal, Dimensions and Weights)

Firing Action: Open Bolt; Blowback
Available Caliber(s): 7.62x25mm Type 51 / TT
Ammunition Count / Feed: 30-round detachable box magazine
Overall Length: 628 mm (24.72 inches)
Weight (Empty): 4.19 lb (1.90 kg)


Rate-of-Fire (RoF): 780 rounds-per-minute (rpm)

Global Operators / Customers / Users


Model Variants (Including Prototypes)

Type 85 - Base Submachine Gun
Type 85 (Silenced) - Base Submachine Gun with steel silencer; 2.5kg empty weight; 869mm length with open stock; 800 rounds per minute; 100-150m effective range; 7.62x25mm Type 64 cartridge.

NORINCO Type 85 Images