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NORINCO Type 85 Submachine Gun (SMG) / Assault Carbine

 Updated: 8/17/2017; Authored By Staff Writer; Content ¬©

  NORINCO Type 85  
Picture of NORINCO Type 85 Submachine Gun (SMG) / Assault Carbine

The Type 85 submachine gun is still in use with Chinese police and PLA forces.

The Chinese Type 85 submachine gun appeared in two forms in the 1980s as a budget-conscious replacement for the Type 79 submachine gun and the Type 64 silenced submachine gun. The base submachine gun featured a blowback mechanism firing from an open bolt arrangement, a steel folding stock and the option to fire single round mode or full automatic.

The silenced version of the Type 85 features a steel silencer and fires the subsonic 7.62x25mm Type 64 cartridge though the 7.62x25mm Type 51 / TT cartridge is still available to this type of weapon at the expense of stealth.

Both versions feature the folding stock and a 30-round detachable box magazine.

NORINCO Type 85 Technical Specifications

Service Year: 1985
Type: Submachine Gun (SMG) / Assault Carbine
National Origin: China
Manufacturer(s): China NORth INdustries COrporation (NORINCO) - China

Design (Internal, Dimensions and Weights)

Firing Action: Open Bolt; Blowback
Available Caliber(s): 7.62x25mm Type 51 / TT
Ammunition Count / Feed: 30-round detachable box magazine
Overall Length: 628 mm (24.72 inches)
Weight (Empty): 4.19 lb (1.90 kg)


Rate-of-Fire (RoF): 780 rounds-per-minute (rpm)

Global Operators / Customers / Users


Model Variants (Including Prototypes)

Type 85 - Base Submachine Gun
Type 85 (Silenced) - Base Submachine Gun with steel silencer; 2.5kg empty weight; 869mm length with open stock; 800 rounds per minute; 100-150m effective range; 7.62x25mm Type 64 cartridge.

NORINCO Type 85 Images