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Simonov SKS (Samozaryadniy Karabin sistemi Simonova)

Soviet Union (1945)
Picture of Simonov SKS (Samozaryadniy Karabin sistemi Simonova) Semi-Automatic, Self-Loading Carbine
Picture of Simonov SKS (Samozaryadniy Karabin sistemi Simonova) Semi-Automatic, Self-Loading Carbine Picture of Simonov SKS (Samozaryadniy Karabin sistemi Simonova) Semi-Automatic, Self-Loading Carbine
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Approximately 15,000,000 SKS rifles have been produced.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Simonov SKS (Samozaryadniy Karabin sistemi Simonova) Semi-Automatic, Self-Loading Carbine.  Entry last updated on 5/22/2018; Authored by Staff Writer; Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

The Soviet-produced SKS, or the Samozaryadniy Karabin sistemi Simonova, was the design of Sergei Gavrilovish Simonov and is sometimes designated as the Simonov SKS. The system is a simple self-loading, short-stroke gas piston-operated, tilting bolt weapon and fires the 7.62x39mm M1943 rifle round.

The SKS was, in fact, the first Soviet weapon to be manufactured after the acceptance of the 7.62x39mm M1943 round, also referred to as an 'intermediate' cartridge. Many assume that the development of this round stemmed directly from experimentation and research of captured German MP44 guns from the Second World War - which utilized a similar 'short' round in the form of the 7.92mm.

The SKS system, in itself, is a basic weapon system with very little flair. It is a robust and well-constructed weapon that has been found to be easy to operate, though some have questioned the weight of the weapon for such a small round. The 7.62mm round can be box-fed from a standard 10-round magazine or fed by hand in single round loading. An integrated bayonet system is attached via a hinged connection underneath the barrel and can be folded out or stored at the user's discretion. Well-though out construction means that the weapon can be field-stripped in a short amount of time as well, either for repair, replacement of parts or for cleaning.

Produced in large numbers in the Soviet Union and for its satellite states, the SKS ensured itself a place in firearms history. To date, the SKS has become an increasingly popular weapon for sport or self-defense in the United States, where it is classified as an antique relic and thusly can be sold with most of the military accessories intact. The 10-round capacity of the weapon in some areas is increased to 30 rounds via secondary market magazines and slight modification to the system.

The SKS has also been produced by Yugoslavia as the M59, in China as the Type 56, in North Korea as the Type 63 and in former East Germany as the Karabiner-S, all maintaining the basic components of the base Soviet SKS.


Picture of the Simonov SKS (Samozaryadniy Karabin sistemi Simonova) Semi-Automatic, Self-Loading Carbine
Picture of the Simonov SKS (Samozaryadniy Karabin sistemi Simonova) Semi-Automatic, Self-Loading Carbine



Any available statistics for the Simonov SKS (Samozaryadniy Karabin sistemi Simonova) Semi-Automatic, Self-Loading Carbine are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering initial year of service, country-of-origin and manufacture(s) involved in bringing the weapon to market. Other qualities showcased are related to physical values such as the internal action, available calibers / chamberings, weight and lengths. Global operators are also presented in A-to-Z format as are any model variants available to the series.
Supported Mission Types:
Frontline Issuance
Special Forces
Close Quarters Battle
Sniper
Designated Marksman/Sharpshooter
Suppressed/Silenced
Area Effect/Suppression
Indirect Fire
Airspace Denial
Anti-Material
Attachment Weapon
Aircraft-Mounted
Vehicle-Mounted
Antique/Collectors
Prototype/Development
National Flag Graphic
Origin: Soviet Union
Year: 1945
Type: Semi-Automatic, Self-Loading Carbine
Manufacturer(s): State Factories - Soviet Union
Global Operators:
Aden; Afghanistan; China; Congo; East Germany; Egypt; Indonesia; Iraq; Laos; Lebanon; Mongolia; Morocco; North Korea; Oman; Poland; Russia; Soviet Unionl; Sudan; United States; Yemen; Yugoslavia
Structural - Internal Design, Dimensions, and Weights:

Operation
ACTION


System
Self-Loading Short-Stroke Gas Piston


Operation
CALIBER(S)


(Model / Chambering Dependent)
7.62x39mm M1943


Operation
FEED


(Model / Chambering Dependent)
10-Round Internal Box Magazine; 10-Round Stripper Clip; Individual Loading


Length
OVERALL


Millimeters
1,021 mm


Inches
40.20 in


Length
BARREL


Millimeters
521 mm


Inches
20.51 in


Structural
WEIGHT


Pounds (Unloaded)
8.51 lb


Kilograms (Unloaded)
3.86 kg


Ranged
Sights


Arrangement
Tangent Rear Notch; Hooded Front Post

Operating Performance (Typical):
Performance
MUZZLE
VELOCITY



Feet-per-Second
2,410 ft/sec


Meters-per-Second
735 m/sec


Performance
RANGE


Feet
1,312 ft


Meters
400 m


Yards
437 yd

Variants: Series Model Variants
• SKS - Base Russian Production Model
• Type 56 - Chinese Production Model
• Type 63 - North Korean Production Model
• Karabiner-S - East Germany Production Model
• ksS - Polish Refurbished Soviet Models
• PAP M59 - Yugoslavian Production Model
• PAP M59/66 - Compatible with 22mm grenade launcher.
• LKP-66 - Hunting Rifle by Zastava Arms
• July 10 Rifle - Albanian Production Model
• Type 1 - Vietnamese Production Model