Model 1866 Peabody Carbine
United States (1866)
Type: Single-Shot Breechloading Carbine
Manufacturer(s): Peabody and Providence Tool Company - USA
Developed during the final fighting of the American Civil War, the Peabody Carbine saw more success overseas in the post-war years.
Detailing the development and operational history of the Model 1866 Peabody Carbine Single-Shot Breechloading Carbine. Entry last updated on 9/12/2017; Authored by Staff Writer; Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
A carbine form based on the Peabody action was entering development during the latter stages of the Civil War. While a rifle form was, in fact, trialed by the US Army during the conflict, it was not adopted due to teething issues and the, ultimately, end of the war in 1865. Likewise, the carbine did not achieve status prior to the end and, instead, found more success through export. Manufacture of the Model 1866 Carbine was handled through the Peabody and Providence Tool Company of Providence, Rhode Island USA. The primary caliber was .50 rimfire though the aforementioned bullet forms were also in play due to the non-standardized world landscape - particularly in Europe. Barrels measured a handy 20-inches long and loading was through the breech as opposed to down the muzzle.
A few American states eventually purchased the type (Connecticut, Massachusetts and South Carolina) during the post war years primary centering during the 1870s). France, however, ordered some 33,000 of the rifle and they were then joined by Switzerland, Spain, Mexico, Romania and Canada in the purchase of thousands more. Overall, some 112,000 Peabody Carbines found circulation in the United States, Central America and throughout Europe.