Rocket-Propelled Grenade Launcher
The RPG-30 Rocket Propelled Grenade is another in the long line of man-portable, armor-defeating weapon systems originating from Russia.
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Since the dark days of World War 2, Russia (then the lead of the Soviet Union) has held a high regard for man-portable, tank-killing systems. The various developments encountered by German tankers during the conflict spanned from grenades and high-powered mines to anti-material rifles and dedicated direct-fire field guns. In 1949, the world-famous line of "Rocket-Propelled Grenade" (RPG) launchers was born in the "RPG-2", these effectively highly-portable, shoulder-fired recoilless rifles designs. The improved (and definitive) "RPG-7" then proliferated a multitude of Soviet-supported states and allies during the Cold War. The line has since been modernized with the addition of the "RPG-30" mark of 2008 and other similar anti-tank systems originating from Bazalt. The weapon was both designed and developed by Bazalt (State Research and Production Enterprise) which also handles its production.
The RPG-30 utilizes the same basic RPG concept established decades ago by the original RPG-2. The weapon is differentiated from the similar (and modern) Bazalt "RPG-27" by its implementation of a launched decoy projectile preceding the main projectile and intended to foil any "Active Protection System" (APS) scheme being applied by the target vehicle (a defense mechanism popular amongst major armored vehicles today). Design of the RPG-30 consists of a single-shot, disposable launch tube that is man-portable and weighs in the vicinity of 10 kilograms. A single operator can, therefore, manage several RPG-30 launchers across the back for transport, a sight common to RPG-7 operators today. The RPG-30 houses a 105mm armor- / structure-defeating rocket grenade with a tandem shaped-charge warhead capable of penetration out to 200 meters. As such, the system can be utilized to engage all manner of "hard" targets in the field at range.
The RPG-32 (also by Bazalt) is a further evolution of the RPG line, introduced in 2008 and, at present, operated by Brazil, Jordan, Lebanon, Mexico and Russia. However, the RPG-32 makes use of a reusable launch tube firing a 105mm rocket grenade as opposed to the disposable nature of the RPG-30 series.