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Metropolitan Navy Model 1864

United States (1864)

Detailing the development and operational history of the Metropolitan Navy Model 1864 Percussion Cap Revolver.

 Entry last updated on 9/12/2016; Authored by Staff Writer; Content ©

  Metropolitan Navy Model 1864  
Picture of Metropolitan Navy Model 1864 Percussion Cap Revolver

When the Colt East Armory was lost to fire during the American Civil War, Metropolitan Arms took to producing copies of the Colt Navy revolver.

In 1864, Colt's East Armory erupted into flames which destroyed all but two of its buildings. The event could not have happened at a worse time for the concern for America was embroiled in a Civil War and US government contracts were readily available. With the need for more and more guns for the war effort ever growing, the now-damaged Colt production lines needed assistance in keeping up with demand. As such, the Metropolitan Arms Company of New York stepped in to offer production of Colt revolver copies, giving rise the oft-forgotten species of revolver known simply as the "Metropolitan Navy Percussion".

The Navy Percussion was, by all accounts, an exact copy of the original Colt Navy sidearms. The copies went as far as recreating the navy scene engravings depicted along the cylinder. Of course Metropolitan guns were marked with the Metropolitan Arms Company brand to differentiate between them and the Colt originals. The design carried everything Colt along with it including the beautiful walnut hand grip, ergonomically shaped for a firm hold, the under-barrel loading lever and think trigger unit and integrated trigger ring. As in the Colt models, the hammer had to be manually actuated by the user to fire each subsequent round in the chamber and was thusly of "single-action" in origin. Ammunition was a .36 ball which followed the gunpowder into each chamber in a front-loading action. The contents of each chamber were then rammed home by managing the loading lever under the barrel - which needed to be pulled down to move the ramrod into each chamber mouth. The cylinder held six shots while the octagonal barrel measured 7.5 inches in length.

All told, Metropolitan Navy Percussion pistols were mechanically every bit as good as the original Colt design they represented.
Any available statistics for the Metropolitan Navy Model 1864 Percussion Cap Revolver are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering initial year of service, country-of-origin and manufacture(s) involved in bringing the weapon to market. Other qualities showcased are related to physical values such as the internal action, available calibers / chamberings, weight and lengths. Global operators are also presented in A-to-Z format as are any model variants available to the series.
Metropolitan Navy Model 1864 Specifications
National Flag Graphic
United States
Year: 1864
Type: Percussion Cap Revolver
Manufacturer(s): Metropolitan Arms Company NY - USA
Supported Mission Types
Frontline Infantry
Special Forces
Close Quarters Battle
Designated Marksman/Sharpshooter
Area Effect/Suppression
Indirect Fire
Airspace Denial
Attachment Weapon
Internal Design, Weight and Dimensions
Firing Action: Single-Action; Repeating; Percussion Cap
Available Caliber(s): .36 Ball
Ammunition Count / Feed: 6-shot rotating cylinder
Barrel Length: 190 mm (7.48 in)
Sighting Assist: Rear hammer notch; front post

Operating Performance
Rate-of-Fire (RoF): 6 rounds-per-minute (rpm)

Operators List
United States

Model Variants
• Navy Percussion - Base Series Designation