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CETME Ameli (Ametralladora CETME Modelo Ameli )

Spain (1982)
Picture of CETME Ameli (Ametralladora CETME Modelo Ameli ) Light Machine Gun (LMG)

The CETME Ameli clearly shows the lines of the German war-time M42 machine gun in her outward design.


Detailing the development and operational history of the CETME Ameli (Ametralladora CETME Modelo Ameli ) Light Machine Gun (LMG).

 Entry last updated on 5/9/2016; Authored by Staff Writer; Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

Despite an appearance akin to the German war-time MG42 general purpose machine gun, the CETME Ameli light-support machine gun was a decidedly Spanish end-product. After a design period spanning from 1974 to 1981, the weapon was formally issued to Spanish troops in 1982 and continues service (as well as production) even today.

The barrel was housed in a casing that was vented with various oblong and circular ports and could be changed by accessing a latch that also doubled as the carrying handle. A conical flash-suppressor was fitted to the muzzle and was differentiated horizontal vent slots along the top. The weapon utilized a delayed blowback roller-locking system, the same as found on the CETME assault rifle while sights were fitted with tritium dots for accurate low-light work. The trigger was set within an oblong trigger ring, this integrated as part of the angled pistol grip and the ergonomic buttstock was solid and served to position the weapon well against the shoulder. Standard optical and electro-optical sights could be fitted to the top of the receiver as required. Weight was listed at a manageable 6.71 kilograms with an overall length of 38 inches.

Additional accessories could include a collapsible bipod (complete with "feet" spikes) for the light support role, a lightweight tripod (a tripod mount was issued as a standard accessory to the base machine gun kit) for heavy sustained fire and a sling could be used for improved individual portability - this accessory utilizing the integrated ring loops - one found to the left side of the barrel forward and the other held to the top rear of the gun where the stock met the receiver.

The Ameli was chambered to fire the 5.56x45mm rimless round and utilized either a 100- or 200-round metal-link belt contained in a sealed ammunition box. Ammunition was fed from the left side of the receiver with the spent shell casings ejected along the right side. Rate-of-fire topped between 800 and 1,200 rounds per minute with a muzzle velocity of 2,871 feet per second. Effective range is listed at between 300 and 1,000 meters with a maximum range of 1,650 meters. The charging handle was set along the right side of the body as well and was of a "T-bar" style design.

The Ameli was further evolved into the "Ameli 5.56-L" variant. This production model sought to lighten the operational weight of the original Ameli light-support machine gun by introducing synthetic materials into her construction. The Ameli 5.56-L also made use of an M-16 rifle-type flash suppressor over the original's conical one and also featured a folding front sight. The revised weapon weighed in at 5.2 kilograms over the 6.71 kilograms of the original.

Production of the CETME Ameli family line was originally handled by Empresa Nacional Santa Barbara of Madrid, Spain though today the machine gun falls under the General Dynamics Santa Barbara Systemas brand. The weapon's formal designation is "Ametralladora CETME Modelo Ameli".

Mexico is the only other notable operator of the CETME Ameli.

Any available statistics for the CETME Ameli (Ametralladora CETME Modelo Ameli ) Light Machine Gun (LMG) are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering initial year of service, country-of-origin and manufacture(s) involved in bringing the weapon to market. Other qualities showcased are related to physical values such as the internal action, available calibers / chamberings, weight and lengths. Global operators are also presented in A-to-Z format as are any model variants available to the series.
CETME Ameli (Ametralladora CETME Modelo Ameli ) Specifications
National Flag Graphic
Spain
Year: 1982
Type: Light Machine Gun (LMG)
Manufacturer(s): Empresa Nacional Santa Barbara (General Dynamics Santa Barbara Sistemas) - Spain
Supported Mission Types
Frontline Issuance
Special Forces
Close Quarters Battle
Sniper
Designated Marksman/Sharpshooter
Suppressed/Silenced
Area Effect/Suppression
Indirect Fire
Airspace Denial
Anti-Material
Attachment Weapon
Aircraft-Mounted
Vehicle-Mounted
Antique/Collectors
Prototype/Development
Internal Design, Weight and Dimensions
Firing Action: Roller-Delayed Blowback
Available Caliber(s): 5.56x45mm NATO
Ammunition Count / Feed: 100- or 200- round belt feed
Weight (Empty): 11.68 lb (5.30 kg)
Overall Length: 970 mm (38.19 in)
Barrel Length: 400 mm (15.75 in)
Sighting Assist: Rear Aperture; Front Post


Operating Performance
Muzzle Velocity: 2,871 ft/sec (875 m/sec)
Rate-of-Fire (RoF): 1,125 rounds-per-minute (rpm)
Typical Range: 3,280 feet (1,000 m; 1,093 yd)


Operators List
Malaysia; Mexico; Spain

Model Variants
• Ameli - Base Production Series Designation; operating weight of 6.71 kilograms.
• Ameli 5.56-L - Revised construction materials utilized in an effort to save on weight; now reduced to 5.2 kilogram operating weight.