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Ruger Mini-14

Semi-Automatic, Self-Loading Rifle

Ruger Mini-14

Semi-Automatic, Self-Loading Rifle


The Ruger Mini-14 is a mechanical copy of the WWII-Era M1 Garand.
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ORIGIN: United States
YEAR: 1973
MANUFACTURER(S): Sturm, Ruger & Company - USA
OPERATORS: Australia; Bermuda; France; Honduras; Hong Kong; Rhodesia; United Kingdom; United States

Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible. Calibers listed may be model/chambering dependent.
ACTION: Gas-Actuated; Rotating Bolt; Semi-Automatic
CALIBER(S): Dependent on model: .223 Remington; 5.56x45mm NATO; 7.62x39mm; 6.8mm Remington SPC; .222 Remington; .300 Blackout
LENGTH (OVERALL): 946 millimeters (37.24 inches)
LENGTH (BARREL): 559 millimeters (22.01 inches)
WEIGHT (UNLOADED): 6.39 pounds (2.90 kilograms)
SIGHTS: Adjustable Rear Aperature; Fixed Front
MUZZLE VELOCITY: 3,240 feet-per-second (988 meters-per-second)
RATE-OF-FIRE: 40 rounds-per-minute
RANGE (EFFECTIVE): 656 feet (200 meters; 219 yards)

Series Model Variants
• Mini-14 - Base model with hardwood finish.
• Mini-14/20GB - Bayonet fittings and flash suppressor; Stainless steel finish; bayonet lug; flash suppressor.
• AC-556 - Militarized/police version of base Mini-14; selective-fire functionality.
• Ranch Rifle - Integral scope
• Mini-30 - 7.62x39mm chambering
• Target Model - Model of 2007; 22" long cold-hammer forged heavy barrel; wood or synthetic stock available.
• Tactical Rifle - Model of 2009; 16.12" barrel with flash suppressor; Picatinny accessories rail; collapsible or fixed stock options; various chamberings marketed.
• NRA Model - Limited edition model of 2008; 16.12" barrel; polymer stock.
• Mousqueton AMD - French government model


Detailing the development and operational history of the Ruger Mini-14 Semi-Automatic, Self-Loading Rifle.  Entry last updated on 6/28/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©
The Ruger Mini-14 is based on the successful World War 2-era M1 "Garand" infantry service rifle. In fact, most of the inner workings of the Mini-14 are mechanically identical to its predecessor with the exception that the base Mini-14 model is chambered for .223 Remington / 5.56mm which reduces recoil and provides the weapon some inherent accuracy qualities. The line is a popular one for maker Sturm, Ruger & Company and has been spawned in many variants based on the same design. The series was introduced in 1973.

In its various forms, the Mini-14 semi-automatic rifle can be fed from a 5-, 10-, 20- or 30-round magazine. The rear aperture is adjustable and the weapon continues to be produced with the Garand-style breech-bolt locking system. That system refers to a fixed-piston gas system with a self-cleaning moving gas cylinder.

The lightweight Mini-14 automatic rifle is not regarded as less of a rifle when compared to the celebrated M1 Garand, as the Mini-14 has itself earned a solid reputation among gun enthusiasts and several security agencies for its inherent reliability and effectiveness. Later production models have been fitted with a new hardwood stock and buttpad similar to those found on conventional rifles while other forms also support an adjustable stock.

In Hollywood, the Ruger Mini-14 was a regular on the short-lived action series, The A-Team, where the four heroes seems to always rely on the rifle during combat scenes. In reality, the Mini-14 was selected due to its reliability when firing blank cartridges.

In reality, the rifle was used in the 1986 FBI Miami Shootout (April 11th, 1986) gun battle involving two robbery suspects and FBI agents. The weapon highlighted the need for agents to carry (or have access to) more powerful weapons. The Mini-14 was also used in the 2011 Norway Attacks which left 77 dead.

The AC-556 is a select-fire version of the Mini-14.