Christian Sharps initially spent time under the employ of other firearms manufacturers that included John Hall at the fabled Harpers Ferry. In 1851, Sharps took his developed trade down his own path and set up an arms manufacturing base - the Sharps Rifle Manufacturing Company of Hartford, Connecticut - entering into a business partnership with Robbins and Lawrence of Windsor, Vermont. Robbins and Lawrence gunsmiths manufactured the Sharps firearms and, in turn, Christian Sharps covered the technical aspects and marketing of his guns.
From there, Sharps delivered a bevy of breech-loading, heavy caliber, single-shot carbines that came into extensive play with the arrival of the American Civil War (1861 - 1865). His carbines proved very popular with both sides of the war and their popularity continued thereafter where they became favored arms of huntsmen and sporting types alike. The Model 1867 appeared only after the cessation of hostilities but some were believed issued to post-war Army personnel at the various military forts dotting the American landscape.
The Model 1867 was a single-shot weapon system featuring breech-loading. It was designed as a carbine to make for a shorter weapon than a standard rifle of the day. The Model 1867 was chambered for the.50 caliber metallic cartridge. The design of the Model 1867 was characterized by its mostly wooden receiver. The shoulder stock was integrated into the design, with the single wooden piece making up the hand grip and forend. The trigger was set within a teardrop-shaped ring under the hand grip and all major working components were housed in the area just above making up the receiver. The cocking hammer was set to the right side of the receiver and within reach of the trigger hand. The barrel was set within the forward portion of the receiver and banded to the furniture in a single place. The barrel protruded a short distance away from the wooden body and featured a simple forward post sight. The post was complemented by an open latter across the top of the receiver.