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J.F. Brown Target

United States (1860)
Picture of J.F. Brown Target Sharpshooter / Sniper Rifle

The J.F. Brown Target-Sniper Rifle design was a rather advanced design for its time and issued to highly-trained sharpshooters during the American Civil War.

Detailing the development and operational history of the J.F. Brown Target Sharpshooter / Sniper Rifle.

 Entry last updated on 2/26/2018; Authored by Staff Writer; Content ©

J.F. Brown of Haverhill, Massachusetts produced a line of high-quality target/sniper rifles during the Civil War. Sights were developed by L.M. Amadon of Bellows Falls, Vermont. Together, the two men unveiled their excellent rifle that proved to be a highly-advanced system for its time.

Using the percussion-based firing principle, the single-shot J.F. Brown rifle fired a .45 caliber cartridge from a 32.5-inch barrel. The barrel itself was octagonal in shape with a rounded muzzle protruding from forward end of the design. The scope was about as long as the barrel system itself and braced across a forward and rear mount along the top of the weapon. Adjustments to the system could be made via controls located at the rear of the scope. The firing system was all contained and conventionally set up along the right side of the weapon body, consolidated to a metal plate. The trigger group featured a conventional pull trigger and an ornate trigger guard complete with finger loop for precise handling. The grip was a traditional rifle-style yet there was no foregrip running under the barrel. The stock was ornately detailed along the sides and capped with a metal buttplate.

The J.F. Brown Target / Sniper Rifle was utilized in the American Civil War by specially trained sharpshooters.

Any available statistics for the J.F. Brown Target Sharpshooter / Sniper Rifle are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering initial year of service, country-of-origin and manufacture(s) involved in bringing the weapon to market. Other qualities showcased are related to physical values such as the internal action, available calibers / chamberings, weight and lengths. Global operators are also presented in A-to-Z format as are any model variants available to the series.
J.F. Brown Target Specifications
National Flag Graphic
United States
Year: 1860
Type: Sharpshooter / Sniper Rifle
Manufacturer(s): J.F. Brown / L.M. Amadon - USA
Supported Mission Types
Frontline Issuance
Special Forces
Close Quarters Battle
Designated Marksman/Sharpshooter
Area Effect/Suppression
Indirect Fire
Airspace Denial
Attachment Weapon
Internal Design, Weight and Dimensions
Firing Action: Percussion; Single-Shot; Muzzle-Loading
Available Caliber(s): .45
Ammunition Count / Feed: Single-Shot
Weight (Empty): 29.98 lb (13.60 kg)
Overall Length: 1,030 mm (40.55 in)
Barrel Length: 825 mm (32.48 in)
Sighting Assist: Integrated Adjustable Scope

Operating Performance
Rate-of-Fire (RoF): 5 rounds-per-minute (rpm)

Operators List
United States

Model Variants
• J.F. Brown Target / Sniper Rifle - Base Series Designation; fitted with L.M. Amadon telescope sight.