J.F. Brown of Haverhill, Massachusetts produced a line of high-quality target/sniper rifles during the Civil War. Sights were developed by L.M. Amadon of Bellows Falls, Vermont. Together, the two men unveiled their excellent rifle that proved to be a highly-advanced system for its time.
Using the percussion-based firing principle, the single-shot J.F. Brown rifle fired a .45 caliber cartridge from a 32.5-inch barrel. The barrel itself was octagonal in shape with a rounded muzzle protruding from forward end of the design. The scope was about as long as the barrel system itself and braced across a forward and rear mount along the top of the weapon. Adjustments to the system could be made via controls located at the rear of the scope. The firing system was all contained and conventionally set up along the right side of the weapon body, consolidated to a metal plate. The trigger group featured a conventional pull trigger and an ornate trigger guard complete with finger loop for precise handling. The grip was a traditional rifle-style yet there was no foregrip running under the barrel. The stock was ornately detailed along the sides and capped with a metal buttplate.
The J.F. Brown Target / Sniper Rifle was utilized in the American Civil War by specially trained sharpshooters.