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Ceska Zbrojovka vz. 52/57

Light Machine Gun (LMG) / Infantry Support Weapon

Ceska Zbrojovka vz. 52/57

Light Machine Gun (LMG) / Infantry Support Weapon

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
VARIANTS
HISTORY
MEDIA
OVERVIEW



The Czech vz. 52/57 might have been a more respectable light machine gun system if not for Soviet involvement.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Czechoslovakia
YEAR: 1952
MANUFACTURER(S): Ceskoslovenska Zbrojovka - Czechoslovakia
OPERATORS: Czechoslovakia; North Korea
SPECIFICATIONS



Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible. Calibers listed may be model/chambering dependent.
ACTION: Gas-Operated; Select-Fire
CALIBER(S): 7.6x45mm / 7.62x39mm M43 (model dependent)
LENGTH (OVERALL): 1,045 millimeters (41.14 inches)
LENGTH (BARREL): 583 millimeters (22.95 inches)
WEIGHT (UNLOADED): 17.53 pounds (7.95 kilograms)
SIGHTS: Iron Front and Rear
MUZZLE VELOCITY: 2,500 feet-per-second (762 meters-per-second)
RATE-OF-FIRE: 1,000 rounds-per-minute
RANGE (EFFECTIVE): 2,625 feet (800 meters; 875 yards)
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• vz. 52 - Original model pattern chambered for 7.62x45mm.
• vz. 52/57 - Subsequent model rechambered for 7.62x39mm.


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Ceska Zbrojovka vz. 52/57 Light Machine Gun (LMG) / Infantry Support Weapon.  Entry last updated on 8/7/2017. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
Introduced in the period following World War 2 (1939-1945), the Czechoslovakian vz. 52 series light machine gun saw use in limited numbers. It was intended as a light support weapon for the Czech Army and thusly chambered for the local Czech 7.62x45mm rimless rifle cartridge which produced the vz. 52 designation. However, Soviet pressure - in an effort to have allied armies utilize a single cartridge for logistical reasons - soon forced a change to the more universal Soviet 7.62x39 M43 rifle cartridge instead - giving rise to the vz. 52/57 designator of 1957. The resulting design proved to be a mixed success - sound Czech engineering forced to use an unwanted foreign cartridge.

Firing from either a 25-round detachable box magazine or a 50-round belt feed, the machine gun maintained many features of the original ZB vz. 30 model of the World War 2 period. A specially-designed trigger allowed the operator to achieve single-shot or full-automatic fire rate based on the pressure placed on it. The weapon weighed 17.5lb and featured a length of 41 inches. A carrying handle set atop the barrel aided in transporting the weapon as well as changing an overheated barrel. Rate-of-fire was up to 1,150 rounds-per-minute based on the gas setting. Range was out to 2,800 meters.

The Vz. 52/57 series was in service from 1962 until 1964 with about 8,000 examples being produced out of the Zbrojovka factory of storied Brno. The Czech Army eventually replaced their vz. 52/57 stocks with the "Universal Machine Gun" Model of 1959 - otherwise known as the "vz. 59". This weapon continues in service today (2016) and saw combat exposure during the Vietnam War (1955-1975).