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SA-7 (Grail) / 9K32 Strela-2


Man-Portable SAM System


Like other Soviet-originated Cold War-era weapons, the man-portable, shoulder-fired SA-7 Grail proved popular with many Soviet-allied nations and states.
Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 3/3/2020
The SA-7 (NATO designation of "Grail" or Soviet designation of "Strela-2") is a MANPAD system - a portable shoulder launched anti-aircraft weapon system. The lethality of such a system lies in the mobility of the firer to seemingly 'pop up' at opportune times and strike at low-flying aircraft. The effect of such an element is two fold as it forces the targeted aircraft to fly above and beyond the range of the weapon, exposing it to the hazards of enemy radar or more potent surface-to-air defenses. Should the aircraft continue to fly within the range of a weapon like the Grail, it carries the greater calculated risk of being brought down from a smaller enemy below or behind the aircraft.

Similar in many respects to the American Redeye surface-to-air missile system, the SA-7 Grail has proven most accurate against low-flying aircraft and helicopters with the only major drawback being that the missile, once fired, must be trained in on a consistent heat source to score a kill. The weapon maintains a hit percentage of roughly 90%, though the HE (High Explosive) warhead is said to not accomplish much in the way of overall damage - as proven in some instances where damaged Israeli fighters were able to return to friendly airbases after receiving direct hits from Grail ground detachments during the Arab-Israeli War of 1973.

Nevertheless, the system can still be considered deadly in the event that critical systems are destroyed or damaged - in an aircraft that could be the cockpit, avionics or engine components and in rotary aircraft, that could be the cockpit, the tail rotor assembly or main rotor assembly. In any event, the use of the SA-7 Grail is even the most basically-trained of hands should still be regarded as a potential enemy threat to aircraft.






Specifications



Year:
1968
Manufacturing
State Factories - Soviet Union
National flag of Afghanistan National flag of Albania National flag of Algeria National flag of Angola National flag of Armenia National flag of Benin National flag of Botswana National flag of Bulgaria National flag of Burkina Faso National flag of Cambodia National flag of China National flag of Croatia National flag of Cuba National flag of Cyprus National flag of Czech Republic National flag of Czechoslovakia National flag of Egypt National flag of Ethiopia National flag of Finland National flag of Germany National flag of East Germany National flag of Ghana National flag of Guinea-Bissau National flag of Hungary National flag of India National flag of Indonesia National flag of Iran National flag of Iraq National flag of Kuwait National flag of Laos National flag of Libya National flag of Macedonia National flag of Mauritania National flag of Morocco National flag of Mozambique National flag of Nicaragua National flag of North Korea National flag of Pakistan National flag of Peru National flag of Poland National flag of Romania National flag of Serbia National flag of Sierra Leone National flag of Slovakia National flag of Slovenia National flag of Soviet Union National flag of Sudan National flag of Syria National flag of Tanzania National flag of Ukraine National flag of ; Vietnam National flag of Yemen National flag of Yugoslavia National flag of Zambia National flag of Zimbabwe Afghanistan; Albania; Algeria; Angola; Armenia; Botswana; Benin; Bulgaria; Burkina Faso; Cambodia; China; Croatia; Cuba; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Czechoslovakia; Egypt; Ethiopia; Finland; East Germany; Germany; Ghana; Guinea-Bissau; Hungary; Indonesia; India; Iraq; Iran; Kuwait; Laos; Lebanon; Libya; Macedonia; Mauritania; Morocco; Mozambique; Nicaragua; North Korea; Pakistan; Peru; Poland; Romania; Sierra Leone; Serbia; Slovakia; Slovenia; Somaliland; South Yemen; Soviet Union; Sudan; Syria; Tanzania; Ukraine; Vietnam; Yugoslavia; Zambia; Zimbabwe; Tamil Eelam
- Anti-Aircraft / Airspace Denial
- Vehicle Mounting
Sights:
Included Optics.
Action:
Heat Sensitive Anti-Aircraft Missile System
Effective Range:
4,921 ft (1,500 m; 1,640 yd)
9K32 Strela-2 (SA-7 Grail) - Initial production model.
9K32M Strela-2M (SA-7b Grail Mod 1) - Improved Strela-2; improved range and warhead lethality.
Sakr Eye - Locally-Produced Egyptian SAM
HN-5 - Locally-Produced Chinese SAM
CA-94 - Romanian Designation
CA-94M - Romanian Designation
Anza MKI - Pakistani Designation
Ayn al Saqr - Egyptian Designation
Hwasung-Chong - North Korean Designation

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