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SA-7 (Grail) / 9K32 Strela-2

Surface to Air Anti-Aircraft Missile Defense System

SA-7 (Grail) / 9K32 Strela-2

Surface to Air Anti-Aircraft Missile Defense System

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
VARIANTS
HISTORY
IMAGES
OVERVIEW



The SA-7 Grail proved popular with many Soviet-allied nations and states.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Soviet Union
YEAR: 1968
MANUFACTURER(S): State Factories - Soviet Union
OPERATORS: Afghanistan; Albania; Algeria; Angola; Armenia; Botswana; Benin; Bulgaria; Burkina Faso; Cambodia; China; Croatia; Cuba; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Czechoslovakia; Egypt; Ethiopia; Finland; East Germany; Germany; Ghana; Guinea-Bissau; Hungary; Indonesia; India; Iraq; Iran; Kuwait; Laos; Lebanon; Libya; Macedonia; Mauritania; Morocco; Mozambique; Nicaragua; North Korea; Pakistan; Peru; Poland; Romania; Sierra Leone; Serbia; Slovakia; Slovenia; Somaliland; South Yemen; Soviet Union; Sudan; Syria; Tanzania; Ukraine; Vietnam; Yugoslavia; Zambia; Zimbabwe; Tamil Eelam
National flag of Afghanistan
AFG
National flag of Albania
ALB
National flag of Algeria
ALG
National flag of Angola
ANG
National flag of Armenia
ARM
National flag of Benin
BEN
National flag of Botswana
BOT
National flag of Bulgaria
BUL
National flag of Cambodia
CAM
National flag of China
CHN
National flag of Croatia
CRO
National flag of Cuba
CUB
National flag of Cyprus
CYP
National flag of Czech Republic
CZ
National flag of Czechoslovakia
CZE
National flag of Egypt
EGY
National flag of Ethiopia
ETH
National flag of Finland
FIN
National flag of Germany
GER
National flag of East Germany
EGR
National flag of Ghana
GHA
National flag of Guinea-Bissau
GBI
National flag of Hungary
HUN
National flag of India
IND
National flag of Indonesia
IDO
National flag of Iran
IRA
National flag of Iraq
IRQ
National flag of Kuwait
KUW
National flag of Laos
LAO
National flag of Libya
LIB
National flag of Macedonia
MAC
National flag of Mauritania
MAR
National flag of Morocco
MOR
National flag of Mozambique
MOZ
National flag of Nicaragua
NCR
National flag of North Korea
NKO
National flag of Pakistan
PAK
National flag of Peru
PER
National flag of Poland
POL
National flag of Romania
ROM
National flag of Serbia
SER
National flag of Sierra Leone
SRL
National flag of Slovakia
SLK
National flag of Slovenia
SLN
National flag of Soviet Union
USSR
National flag of Sudan
SUD
National flag of Syria
SYR
National flag of Tanzania
TAN
National flag of Ukraine
UKR
National flag of ; Vietnam
VTN
National flag of Yemen
YEM
National flag of Yugoslavia
YGO
National flag of Zambia
ZAM
National flag of Zimbabwe
ZIM
SPECIFICATIONS



Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible. * Calibers listed may be model/chambering dependent.
ACTION: Heat Sensitive Anti-Aircraft Missile System
CALIBER(S)*: Not Available
SIGHTS: Included Optics
ADVERTISEMENTS
RANGE (EFF)

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feet
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Meters
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Yards
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• 9K32 Strela-2 (SA-7 Grail) - Initial production model.
• 9K32M Strela-2M (SA-7b Grail Mod 1) - Improved Strela-2; improved range and warhead lethality.
• Sakr Eye - Locally-Produced Egyptian SAM
• HN-5 - Locally-Produced Chinese SAM
• CA-94 - Romanian Designation
• CA-94M - Romanian Designation
• Anza MKI - Pakistani Designation
• Ayn al Saqr - Egyptian Designation
• Hwasung-Chong - North Korean Designation


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the SA-7 (Grail) / 9K32 Strela-2 Surface to Air Anti-Aircraft Missile Defense System.  Entry last updated on 9/10/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The SA-7 (NATO designation of "Grail" or Soviet designation of "Strela-2") is a MANPAD system - a portable shoulder launched anti-aircraft weapon system. The lethality of such a system lies in the mobility of the firer to seemingly 'pop up' at opportune times and strike at low-flying aircraft. The effect of such an element is two fold as it forces the targeted aircraft to fly above and beyond the range of the weapon, exposing it to the hazards of enemy radar or more potent surface-to-air defenses. Should the aircraft continue to fly within the range of a weapon like the Grail, it carries the greater calculated risk of being brought down from a smaller enemy below or behind the aircraft.

Similar in many respects to the American Redeye surface-to-air missile system, the SA-7 Grail has proven most accurate against low-flying aircraft and helicopters with the only major drawback being that the missile, once fired, must be trained in on a consistent heat source to score a kill. The weapon maintains a hit percentage of roughly 90%, though the HE (High Explosive) warhead is said to not accomplish much in the way of overall damage - as proven in some instances where damaged Israeli fighters were able to return to friendly airbases after receiving direct hits from Grail ground detachments during the Arab-Israeli War of 1973.

Nevertheless, the system can still be considered deadly in the event that critical systems are destroyed or damaged - in an aircraft that could be the cockpit, avionics or engine components and in rotary aircraft, that could be the cockpit, the tail rotor assembly or main rotor assembly. In any event, the use of the SA-7 Grail is even the most basically-trained of hands should still be regarded as a potential enemy threat to aircraft.






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