MBDA MMP (Missile Moyenne Portee)
Man-Portable Anti-Tank Guided-Missile (ATGM) Launcher
The MBDA MMP is a 5th Generation Anti-Tank Guided Missile solution introduced for service with French fighting forces during 2018.
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The MBDA MMP ("Missile Moyenne Portee") is a 5th Generation, man-portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile (ATGM) launcher. It is marketed as a lightweight armor-defeating / antii-fortification / anti-personnel/ reconnaissance solution capable of being fired from confined spaces such as buildings or from vehicles (including watercraft). The system can be operated in both day and low-light levels thanks to its powerful integrated optics set. In French military service, the MMP has been selected to succeed the aging stock of Cold War-era "MILAN" ATGMs (detailed elsewhere on this site).
The launcher component, or "firing post", which includes the tripod leg assembly and battery pack, has a carry weight of 11 kilograms. The post can also be connected to an external power source. The system can be made ready-to-fire in just seconds.
The missile is of traditional shape with its rounded cap and slim, tubular body. Internally there is a next-generation seeker head with tandem warhead payload capable of defeating the most modern of armor solutions (particularly when it comes to Main Battle Tanks - MBTs). This also lends itself well to the destruction of fortified positions, namely those constructed of concrete or buried under compressed earth. A real-time fiber optic data link relays course correction information from the launcher component to the launched missile, allowing for excellent accuracy-at-range. The launcher can also be operated autonomously. The propulsion component is set to the rear of the missile in the usual way.
Two sections of the body feature spring-loaded fins which jump into action following the moment of launch and ignition of the rocket motor. The fins help to stabilized the missile during its flight path to the target and also aid in course corrections during the journey period. It has a weight of 15 kilograms, a diameter of 140mm, and an overall length of 1.3 meters.
The missile can be trained to attack a target either head-on or from above (the latter a particularly useful feature in that tank armor is usually thinner along the top-facing surfaces). This allows for both Line-of-Sight (LoS) and Non-Line of Sight (NLoS) attack angles to be achieved on any given target. Two warhead modes are integrated into the missile's design - one designed to better defeat armor and the other to act as an anti-personnel solution. Up to 1,000mm of Rolled-Homogenous Armor (RHA) or up to 2,000mm of concrete can be defeated with this multi-purpose missile. The missile also carries a dual-band seeker component involving either an uncooled Infra-Red (IR) or color TV channel.
The MMP ranges out to 4,000 meters giving the weapon system a good reach for when ranged warfare is the call of the day.
In 2013, MBDA was awarded the contract to supply the French military with the MMP weapon system. Qualifications were then had in July of 2017 leading to first-deliveries later that year.
From November 15th to November 23rd, 2017, the French military began taking delivery of its first examples of MMP launchers and missiles (the batch made up of 20 firing posts and 50 missiles). A total of 400 launchers and 1,750 missiles will be procured by the French military into 2025.
From mid-August to mid-September, French forces validated the MMP for combat in the desert environment. Nine firings of the missile were recorded with each instance resulting in success, proving the design in a hot and dry environment. This opens the weapon up for deployment to Africa where French troops are in active combat against Islamic terrorists. French Navy commandos have also tested the weapon from Rigid-Hulled Inflatable Boats (RHIBs) with equal success - giving French special forces a new tool in their arsenal.
The new EBRC "Jaguar" Armored Reconnaissance and Combat Vehicle (ARCV) is an early candidate to install the MMP weapon system. These vehicles are set to begin deliveries to the French Army service in 2020.