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NORINCO Type CQ (CQ 5.56)


Assault Rifle


The Type CQ of the late-Cold War period was nothing more than an unlicensed Chinese copy of the classic Colt M16 assault rifle.
Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 9/24/2018
In the post-World War 2 period (that is, the time period after 1945/1946), two infantry rifles rose to prominence in the East and West. For the former this became the classic Kalashnikov AK-47 assault rifle while, for the latter, this was the Colt M16 assault rifle based in the AR-15. Both were gas-operated weapon systems relying on a rotating bolt action and both chambered an intermediate rifle round, the AK-47 with its 7.62x39mm and the M16 with its 5.56x45mm cartridge. The 5.56x45mm was eventually standardized by NATO as the intermediate rifle cartridge-of-choice. For the nation of China, who has never been shy about local production of successful global products, both rifles were produced en masse - either under license or unlicensed. This proved the case with the ubiquitous M16 which became the "Type CQ" under Chinese manufacture. It was also known, more formally, as the "CQ 5.56".

The Type CQ retained the general form-and-function of its American predecessor in that it chambered the 5.56mm cartridge, fired from a gas-operated action, and fed from 20-/30-round STANAG detachable box magazines. The rifle retained the over-receiver carrying handle common the classic look of the Vietnam War-era M16, rear receiver charging handle, and ribbed handguard. There were slight changes to the shoulder stock's lines and the pistol grip's shape was reworked considerably.

It is believed that the Type CQ was only ever intended for interested export customers looking to perhaps acquire a suitable, Western-minded firearm no doubt at below-market cost. Two primary versions were ultimately marketed, one in semi-automatic-only (namely for the civilian marketplace) and the other offering the full-automatic support common to military firearms. A shortened assault carbine was also eventually developed to expand the line and this became the "CQ 5.56 Type A". The Type CQ was acquired in some number by Iran who went on to develop the local Model S-5.56 "Sayyad" as a straight-up Iranian copy of the Chinese model.

Despite it being disregarded as another Chinese knock-off of a successful product, the Type CQ went on to see relatively widespread adoption globally, counting users from Afghanistan and Cambodia to Thailand and Yemen, either for second-line security roles or full-fledged frontline army service. Several guerilla forces have also been keen on using the rifle - even today - where elements of the Free Syrian Army and ISIS forces have been known to use it. In any case, the CQ series appears to have been relatively successful alternative to the original M16.






Specifications



Year:
1983
Manufacturing
China NORth INdustries COrporation (NORINCO) - China
National flag of Afghanistan National flag of Cambodia National flag of China National flag of Djibouti National flag of Ghana National flag of Iran National flag of Libya National flag of Malaysia National flag of Myanmar National flag of North Korea National flag of Paraguay National flag of Philippines National flag of Senegal National flag of South Sudan
SSU
National flag of Sudan National flag of Syria National flag of Thailand National flag of Yemen Afghanistan; Cambodia; China; Djibouti; Ghana; Iran; Libya; Malaysia; Myanmar; North Korea; Paraguay; Philippines; Senegal; South Sudan; Sudan; Syria; Thailand; Yemen
- Frontline / Assault
Overall Length:
987 mm (38.86 in)
Barrel Length:
504 mm (19.84 in)
Weight (Unloaded):
6.39 lb (2.90 kg)
Sights:
Iron Front and Rear.
Action:
Gas-Operated; Rotating Bolt; Selective-Fire
Muzzle Velocity:
3,250 feet-per-second (991 meters-per-second)
Rate-of-Fire:
900 rounds-per-minute
Effective Range:
1,500 ft (457 m; 500 yd)
Type CQ - Base Series Designation
CQ 5.56 - Alternative designation
CQ 5'56 - Alternative naming convention.
CQ-311 - Select-fire version
CQ M-311 - Alternative designation of CQ-311.
CQ M311-1 - Semi-automatic version
CQ 5.56mm Type A - Assault Carbine model.
S-5.56 "Sayyad" - Local Iranian copy

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