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Leonard Percussion Target

United States (1860)

Detailing the development and operational history of the Leonard Percussion Target Sharpshooter / Sniper Rifle.

 Entry last updated on 10/5/2017; Authored by Staff Writer; Content ©

  Leonard Percussion Target  
Picture of Leonard Percussion Target Sharpshooter / Sniper Rifle

The Leonard Percussion Target Rifle was one of several long arms used in the American Civil War for sniping and sharpshooting.

There were several major designs adopted for sharpshooters in the American Civil War (1861-1865) and the most famous of these was arguably the J.F. Brown rifle. Another competing design stemmed from Artemis Leonard and Leonard Percussion Target Rifle. Leonard arranged the Leonard & Sons gun-making firm our of Saxons River in Vermont and manufactured weapons from this location from the period spanning 1840 until 1860. With the arrival of war "between the states" in 1861, his precision weapon was in high demand.

The Leonard design was reminiscent of the J.F. Brown design. It featured a typical long gun form of the period with a long-running barrel and wooden stock. The forend was shortened under the barrel assembly which, itself, was oversized, octagonal in shape and of 31" length. The grip handle angled downward and contoured to the shoulder stock. The trigger unit was set in its usual place under the receiver. The key element of the Leonard gun was the optics set fitted over the gun and this ran over the length of the entire barrel assembly and action. The ramrod was set under the barrel, ahead of the forend, as it ran through a pair of channels securing it in place.

These guns were given a fine finish complete with engraving and some decoration, particularly the elegant shaping at the trigger guard. The action was of percussion cap with an exposed hammer and muzzle-loading of the .48 caliber bullet.

Any available statistics for the Leonard Percussion Target Sharpshooter / Sniper Rifle are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering initial year of service, country-of-origin and manufacture(s) involved in bringing the weapon to market. Other qualities showcased are related to physical values such as the internal action, available calibers / chamberings, weight and lengths. Global operators are also presented in A-to-Z format as are any model variants available to the series.
Leonard Percussion Target Specifications
National Flag Graphic
United States
Year: 1860
Type: Sharpshooter / Sniper Rifle
Manufacturer(s): Leonard and Sons (Saxons River, Vermont) - USA
Supported Mission Types
Frontline Infantry
Special Forces
Close Quarters Battle
Designated Marksman/Sharpshooter
Area Effect/Suppression
Indirect Fire
Airspace Denial
Attachment Weapon
Internal Design, Weight and Dimensions
Firing Action: Percussion Cap; External Hammer; Muzzle-Loading; Single-Shot
Available Caliber(s): .48
Ammunition Count / Feed: Single-Shot
Weight (Empty): 30.86 lb (14.00 kg)
Overall Length: 1,020 mm (40.16 in)
Barrel Length: 787 mm (30.98 in)
Sighting Assist: Telescope assembly fitted over rifle.

Operating Performance
Rate-of-Fire (RoF): 5 rounds-per-minute (rpm)

Operators List
United States

Model Variants
• Leonard Percussion Target Rifle - Base Series Name.