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Leonard Percussion Target

United States (1860)
Picture of Leonard Percussion Target Sharpshooter / Sniper Rifle

The Leonard Percussion Target Rifle was one of several long arms used in the American Civil War for sniping and sharpshooting.


Detailing the development and operational history of the Leonard Percussion Target Sharpshooter / Sniper Rifle.  Entry last updated on 10/5/2017; Authored by Staff Writer; Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com

There were several major designs adopted for sharpshooters in the American Civil War (1861-1865) and the most famous of these was arguably the J.F. Brown rifle. Another competing design stemmed from Artemis Leonard and Leonard Percussion Target Rifle. Leonard arranged the Leonard & Sons gun-making firm our of Saxons River in Vermont and manufactured weapons from this location from the period spanning 1840 until 1860. With the arrival of war "between the states" in 1861, his precision weapon was in high demand.

The Leonard design was reminiscent of the J.F. Brown design. It featured a typical long gun form of the period with a long-running barrel and wooden stock. The forend was shortened under the barrel assembly which, itself, was oversized, octagonal in shape and of 31" length. The grip handle angled downward and contoured to the shoulder stock. The trigger unit was set in its usual place under the receiver. The key element of the Leonard gun was the optics set fitted over the gun and this ran over the length of the entire barrel assembly and action. The ramrod was set under the barrel, ahead of the forend, as it ran through a pair of channels securing it in place.

These guns were given a fine finish complete with engraving and some decoration, particularly the elegant shaping at the trigger guard. The action was of percussion cap with an exposed hammer and muzzle-loading of the .48 caliber bullet.

Any available statistics for the Leonard Percussion Target Sharpshooter / Sniper Rifle are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering initial year of service, country-of-origin and manufacture(s) involved in bringing the weapon to market. Other qualities showcased are related to physical values such as the internal action, available calibers / chamberings, weight and lengths. Global operators are also presented in A-to-Z format as are any model variants available to the series.
Supported Mission Types:
Frontline Issuance
Special Forces
Close Quarters Battle
Sniper
Designated Marksman/Sharpshooter
Suppressed/Silenced
Area Effect/Suppression
Indirect Fire
Airspace Denial
Anti-Material
Attachment Weapon
Aircraft-Mounted
Vehicle-Mounted
Antique/Collectors
Prototype/Development
National Flag Graphic
Origin: United States
Year: 1860
Type: Sharpshooter / Sniper Rifle
Manufacturer(s): Leonard and Sons (Saxons River, Vermont) - USA
Global Operators:
United States
Structural - Internal Design, Dimensions, and Weights:

Operation
ACTION


System
Percussion Cap; External Hammer; Muzzle-Loading; Single-Shot


Operation
CALIBER(S)


(Model / Chambering Dependent)
.48


Operation
FEED


(Model / Chambering Dependent)
Single-Shot


Length
OVERALL


Millimeters
1,020 mm


Inches
40.16 in


Length
BARREL


Millimeters
787 mm


Inches
30.98 in


Structural
WEIGHT


Pounds (Unloaded)
30.86 lb


Kilograms (Unloaded)
14.00 kg


Ranged
Sights


Arrangement
Telescope assembly fitted over rifle.

Operating Performance (Typical):

Performance
Rate-of-Fire


Rounds-per-Minute
5 rpm

Variants: Series Model Variants
• Leonard Percussion Target Rifle - Base Series Name.