The Springfield Model 1922 (M1922) was designed with the express purpose of serving as a training instrument (live-firing) alongside the full-powered Springfield M1903 bolt-action service rifle of .30-06 caliber. The M1903 became the standard-issue infantry long gun of the United States Army at the turn of the last century and managed a useful existence as a frontline weapon into World War 2 (1939-1945) and for a slight period beyond. During the interwar decades, the M1922 was devised as a .22 caliber version of this very successful service weapon. It showcased a similar bolt-action system of operation with a 5-round internal magazine chambered for .22LR.
The base M1922 model arrived with a 24-inch long barrel assembly and this production form was followed in 1925 by the Model 1922M1 offshoot. The Model 1922M1 was given a refined firing system as well as an all-new rear sighting device while the grip handle was redesigned as more flat than in the earlier version. Then came the Model 1922M1 NRA of 1927 which essentially melded the stock of original M1922 guns with the improvements of the succeeding Model 1922M1 product. This variant only reached the civilian market. In 1933, the Model 1922M3 arrived and this version sported a revised bolt and grip handle pattern.
In form and function, the guns very much followed the in-service M1903 rifles. The .22LR cartridge made then easier to handle and fire.