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Kalashnikov PK (Pulemyot Kalashnikova)

General Purpose Machine Gin (GPMG)

Kalashnikov PK (Pulemyot Kalashnikova)

General Purpose Machine Gin (GPMG)

OVERVIEW
SPECIFICATIONS
VARIANTS
HISTORY
IMAGES
OVERVIEW



The Soviet-era PK General Purpose Machine Gun - introduced in 1961 - still sees considerable service worldwide.
National Flag Graphic
ORIGIN: Soviet Union
YEAR: 1961
MANUFACTURER(S): Kalashnikov / State Factories - Soviet Union / Russia
OPERATORS: Afghanistan; Albania; Algeria; Armenia; Azerbaijan; Belarus; Bosnia-Herzegovina; Bulgaria; Cambodia; Cape Verde; Chad; China; Croatia; Cuba; Czech Republic; Egypt; Eritrea; Estonia; East Germany; Fiji; Finland; Georgia; Guinea; Guinea-Bissau; Hungary; India; Iran; Iraq; Israel; Kazakhstan; Kurdistan; Kyrgyzstan; Laos; Latvia; Lebanon; Lithuania; Macedonia; Mali; Malta; Moldova; Mongolia; Mozambique; Nigeria; North Korea; Panama; Poland; Romania; Russia; Sao Tome and Principe; South Africa; South Sudan; Sudan; Serbia; Soviet Union; Sri Lanka; Sweden; Syria; Tajikistan; Turkmenistan; Turkey; Uganda; Ukraine; Uzbekistan; Vietnam; Yugoslavia; Zambia
National flag of Afghanistan
AFG
National flag of Albania
ALB
National flag of Algeria
ALG
National flag of Armenia
ARM
National flag of Azerbaijan
AZR
National flag of Belarus
BLR
National flag of Bulgaria
BUL
National flag of Cambodia
CAM
National flag of Cape Verde
CPV
National flag of Chad
CHA
National flag of China
CHN
National flag of Croatia
CRO
National flag of Cuba
CUB
National flag of Czech Republic
CZ
National flag of Egypt
EGY
National flag of Eritrea
ERI
National flag of Estonia
EST
National flag of Finland
FIN
National flag of Georgia
GEO
National flag of Germany
GER
National flag of East Germany
EGR
National flag of Guinea-Bissau
GBI
National flag of Hungary
HUN
National flag of India
IND
National flag of Iran
IRA
National flag of Iraq
IRQ
National flag of Israel
ISR
National flag of Kazakhstan
KAZ
National flag of Kyrgyzstan
KGZ
National flag of Laos
LAO
National flag of Latvia
LAT
National flag of Lithuania
LIT
National flag of Macedonia
MAC
National flag of Mali
MAL
National flag of Malta
MLT
National flag of Moldova
MOL
National flag of Mongolia
MNG
National flag of Mozambique
MOZ
National flag of Niger
NGR
National flag of Nigeria
NGA
National flag of North Korea
NKO
National flag of Panama
PAN
National flag of Poland
POL
National flag of Romania
ROM
National flag of Russia
RUS
National flag of Sao Tome and Principe
STP
National flag of Serbia
SER
National flag of South Africa
SAF
National flag of South Sudan
SSU
National flag of Soviet Union
USSR
National flag of Sri Lanka
SRI
National flag of Sudan
SUD
National flag of Sweden
SWE
National flag of Syria
SYR
National flag of Tajikistan
TAJ
National flag of Turkey
TUR
National flag of Turkmenistan
TKM
National flag of Uganda
UGA
National flag of Ukraine
UKR
National flag of Uzbekistan
UZB
National flag of ; Vietnam
VTN
National flag of Yugoslavia
YGO
National flag of Zambia
ZAM
SPECIFICATIONS



Common measurements, and their respective conversions, are shown when possible. * Calibers listed may be model/chambering dependent.
ACTION: Gas-Operated; Open-Bolt; Full-Automatic; Belt-Fed-Only
CALIBER(S)*: 7.62x54mmR
SIGHTS: Tangent Iron; Optional Optics.
ADVERTISEMENTS
LENGTH (O/A)

0
mm
0
inches
BARREL LGTH

0
mm
0
inches
WEIGHT

0
pounds
0
kilograms
MUZZLE VEL.

0
fps
0
meters-per-second
RATE-OF-FIRE

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rpm
RANGE (EFF)

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feet
0
Meters
0
Yards
VARIANTS



Series Model Variants
• PK - Base Series Model; original production model.
• PKS - Tripod-mounted variant; heavy-duty support fire.
• PKM - Modernized model of 1969
• PKMN - PKM with nigh sight support
• PKMS - Tripod-mounted variant
• PKMSN - Tripod-mounted variant with night sight support.
• PKT - Vehicle-mounted machine gun variant
• PKP "Pecheneg" - Modernized modle of 2001; influenced by PKM design; heavy, fixed barrel assembly with forced-air cooling.


HISTORY



Detailing the development and operational history of the Kalashnikov PK (Pulemyot Kalashnikova) General Purpose Machine Gin (GPMG).  Entry last updated on 12/28/2018. Authored by Staff Writer. Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com.
The arrival of the PK (Pulemyot Kalashnikova) machine gun in 1961 marked the first entry of a true General Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG) into Soviet Army service. GPMGs receive their name from their ability to fulfill a variety of much-needed battlefield roles such as fire support and enemy troop through bipod-, tripod-, vehicle- or aircraft-mounted installations. These weapons also fire full-power rifle caliber cartridges which give them excellent penetration value at range as well as increased engagement ranges when compared to assault rifles.

The PK succeeded the post-World War 2-era RP-46 machine gun (detailed elsewhere on this site) series in circulation. The newer weapon went on to see considerable combat service under a multitude of national banners - from the Vietnam War (1955-1975) to the present-day engagements making up the Syrian Civil War, the War in Donbass and the Yemeni Civil War. Over 1 million units have been produced both domestically and foreign.

The PK is chambered for the proven 7.62x54mmR rifle cartridge and fires through a Kalashnikov-style open-bolt, gas-operated system that has shown considerable reliability over many decades of use. Feeding is through a non-disintegrating link belt in 100-, 200- and 250-round counts. The gun system weights 19.85lb as a whole with the typical bipod assembly in place and showcases an overall length of 47.5 inches. The barrel measures 23.8 inches long.

Rate-of-fire reaches 650 rounds per minute and ranges are out to 1,095 yards. Maximum range is 4,155 yards. Sighting is through tangent iron sights though optics are supported (including night vision and thermal types).

In practice, the PK has been officially issued as a support weapon at the company level. Its heavy-duty design allows it to fire a much more powerful cartridge when compared to traditional service rifles and even Light Machine Guns. The barrel can be changed out to compensate for overheating which can lead to deforming or fracturing of the barrel assembly and render the weapon useless in a firefight. Its reliability and flexibility have made it a Soviet-era classic - a well-respected and received weapon.

The PKS, PKM, PKMN, PKMS, PKMSN and PKT are all offspring of the base PK design. The PKP "Pecheneg" (detailed elsewhere on this site) is a newer PK series weapon influenced by the original and features a fixed heavy barrel and forced-air cooling.

Despite its origins in the 1960s, the PK series has managed an active existence into the new millennium. Tens of thousands of copies have emerged from foreign factories as well adding to an already-impressive production total. The availability of the Soviet 7.62mm cartridge has also helped its reach beyond Soviet-Russian borders and many ex-Soviet states and supported allies rely on the product.








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