Enfield Pattern 1856
United Kingdom (1856)
Type: Rifle-Musket Long Gun
Manufacturer(s): Royal Small Arms Factory / Enfield Lock - UK
The Enfield Pattern 1856 was nothing more than a shorter, two-banded form of the original, full-length Pattern of 1853.
Detailing the development and operational history of the Enfield Pattern 1856 Rifle-Musket Long Gun. Entry last updated on 9/12/2016; Authored by Staff Writer; Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
The Pattern 1856 was reduced by some six inches when compared to the earlier Pattern 1853. The barrel now measured 33 inches long. It continued use of the .577 ball as its ammunition and operated from a percussion cap action. The primary distinguishing mark of the line (beyond its obvious reduced length) was its two-banded design, these metal bands used to clasp the wooden stock to the barrel assembly and form a rigid, robust framework. A ram rod was contained under the barrel in the usual way and the action took place near the rear of the gun. The shoulder stock was integrated to the gun in traditional fashion with the grip area formed between it and the forend. Underslung slings allowed for a strap to be affixed and eased transporting of the rifle when on-the-march.
Both sides of the American Civil War (1861-1865) procured the Pattern 1856 and, of course, the British Empire fielded it in number - typically issued to its rank of sergeants and skirmish troops. Manufacture was by way of Enfield of England and Tower Armories.
Any available statistics for the Enfield Pattern 1856 Rifle-Musket Long Gun are showcased in the areas immediately below. Categories include basic specifications covering initial year of service, country-of-origin and manufacture(s) involved in bringing the weapon to market. Other qualities showcased are related to physical values such as the internal action, available calibers / chamberings, weight and lengths. Global operators are also presented in A-to-Z format as are any model variants available to the series.