×
Military Pay Military Ranks Aircraft Tanks and Vehicles Small Arms Navy Ships
HOME
INFANTRY
MODERN ARMIES
COUNTRIES
MANUFACTURERS
BY CONFLICT
BY TYPE
BY DECADE
COLD WAR

ArmaLite AR-10


Battle Rifle


Infantry / Small Arms

Nearly 10,000 of the AR-10 Battle Rifles were produced by a variety of manufacturers since the late-1950s.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 9/28/2016 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com
In 1953 the nations of NATO agreed upon common cartridges like the 7.62x51mm for its rifles so there began a notable increase in guns developed to fill the role of "Battle Rifle" - automatic, self-loading systems chambered to fire full-powered rifle-caliber cartridges. Prolific American arms designer Eugene Stoner worked on what became the ArmaLite "AR-10" during the latter half of the 1950s and, seeing introduction in 1960, the rifle managed to see only modest sales and adoption before falling under the weight of competing types.

On the whole, the design was well-thought out and incorporated a "straight-line" barrel-and-stock arrangement for improved full-automatic fire controllability. Additionally, metallic components were completed in aluminum and critical parts were chromium-lined for long-term reliability. All this worked to produce a lightweight rifle and its action was based on the now-proven AR-15/M16 rifle family. Indeed the M16 is a dimensionally smaller form of the AR-10 and fires the 5.56x45mm NATO cartridge instead. A muzzle compensator had to be fitted to AR-10 rifles due to the muzzle climb inherent in the lightweight design when firing the full-power 7.62x51mm NATO round on full-automatic.

Despite these qualities, the design arrived too late in the marketplace. Prototypes were had as early as 1955 but serial production ended as soon as 1961 with fewer than 10,000 units completed under the Fairchild ArmaLite brand label. Additional examples stemmed from Colt's Manufacturing Company and Artillerie Inrichtingen before the end but legacy production has continued to deliver additional samples to the world.

The AR-10 was also the basis of a series of prototype designs including the AR-10 LMG, a proposed Light Machine Gun form but only serving at the developmental level and nothing more.

The AR-10 series went on to find a home in the inventories (some police, some militay) of Brazil, Burma, Canada, Cuba, Finland, Germany (West Germany), Guatemala, Italy, Nicaragua, Portugal, Romania and Sudan. Conflicts featuring the rifle included the Vietnam War (1955-1975), the Portuguese Colonial War (1961-1974), the Angolan Independence War (1961-1974), the Mozambican War of Independence (1964-1974), the Sudanese Civil War (1955-1972) and the Portuguese Timor Conflict (1975-1976).


Specifications



Year:
1958
Manufacturing
ArmaLite (Fairchild) / Colt's Manufacturing Company - USA
National flag of Brazil National flag of Canada National flag of Cuba National flag of Finland National flag of Germany National flag of Guatemala National flag of Italy National flag of Nicaragua National flag of Portugal National flag of Romania National flag of Sudan Brazil; Burma; Canada; Cuba; Finland; Guatemala; Italy; Nicaragua; Portugal; Romania; Sudan; West Germany
- Frontline / Assault
Overall Length:
1,050 mm (41.34 in)
Barrel Length:
528 mm (20.79 in)
Weight (Unloaded):
8.82 lb (4.00 kg)
Sights:
Aperture Rear; Fixed Front Post
Action:
Gas-Operated; Rotating Bolt
Muzzle Velocity:
2,700 feet-per-second (823 meters-per-second)
Rate-of-Fire:
700 rounds-per-minute
Effective Range:
1,970 ft (600 m; 657 yd)
AR-10 - Base Series Designation
AR-10B
AR-10A2
AR-10A4
AR-10T
AR-10 LMG - Experimental light machine gun model

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies
Military Ranks | Military Pay | Aircraft | Tanks & Vehicles | Small Arms | Navy Ships | American War Deaths | 5-Star Generals | Military Alphabet Code | DoD Terms | Convert Knots to Miles-per-Hour



The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world and WDMMA.org, the World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft.


Facebook Logo YouTube Logo

www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-