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WORLD WAR 2

USS Laffey (DD-459)


Destroyer Warship (1942)


Naval Warfare

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Image from the archives of the United States Navy.

Jump-to: Specifications

Commissioned in 1942, USS Laffey DD-459 led a short wartime service life as she was sunk by enemy action before the end of the year.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 05/14/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
Benson-class destroyers were built for the United States Navy from 1938 until 1943 and the family consisted of 30 total vessels which included USS Laffey (DD-459) - not to be confused with USS Laffey (DD-724) which appeared some years later. USS Laffey (DD-459) was laid down on January 13th, 1941 by Bethlehem Shipbuilding Corporation of San Francisco, California and launched on October 31st, 1941 - just months before the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii (which thrust the United States into World War 2). Commissioned on March 31st, 1942, she was to become a casualty of the war before the end of the year.

As built, USS Laffey displaced 1,620 tons under full load and held a length of 347.9 feet, a beam of 36 feet and a draught nearing 17.8 feet. Installed power consisted of 4 x Babcock & Wilcox boilers feeding 2 x Bethlehem Steel geared steam turbines developing 50,000 horsepower to 2 x shafts. Maximum speed reach 37.5 knots with ranges out to 7,500 miles.

Her profile incorporated an integrated bridge and main mast to the forward superstructure. Aft of this were the two smoke funnels (inline) and shorter superstructure sections. Her bow was noticeably raised when compared to her aft portions with the hull lines stepped down towards the rear of the ship. Her total crew complement numbered 208 officers and enlisted personnel - though she carried 247 into her final battle.

The armament suite was led by 4 x 5" (127mm) /38 caliber Dual-Purpose (DP) guns fitted to armored turrets (single-gunned emplacements, two forward and three aft . 5 x 20mm Oerlikon Anti-Aircraft (AA) guns handled close-ranged aerial threats and 3 x 21" (530mm) torpedo tubes countered surface ship threats. 5 x depth charge projectors were installed for Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) as were 2 x depth charge tracks.

Destroyers were originally developed to counter the threat posed by torpedo boats against capital ships in the early 1900s. This had them named as "Torpedo Boat Destroyers" though, by the time of World War 2, the types were simply recognized as "Destroyers". Fast, relatively agile and modestly armed, the ships could operate independently of the fleet in deep waters or as part of a major fighting sea force.
Laffey conducted her "shakedown" off the American West Coast as World War 2 raged on. She made it to Efate before the end of August 1942 and joined up with Task Force 18 (TF18) the following month. Her rescue services were called into action with the sinking of USS Wasp. This was followed by participation with TF64 before the end of September.

She then took part in the Battle of Cape Esperance (Second Battle of Savo Island) from October 11th to the 12th. Her 5" inch guns were brought to bear on the enemy and she scored hits against the enemy cruiser IJN Aoba - damaging the vessel. She escorted transports in November and followed this with the Battle of Guadalcanal, managing damage to the battleship IJN Hiei. The battle closed in on the small ship warship at which point she took her own damage from projectiles and a torpedo which rendered her immobile. With the order given to abandon ship, the vessel was all but lost. However, an internal explosion worsened the situation and claimed the lives of dozens of her crew. The resulting damage was great enough to take the vessel and what remained of her crew still aboard down in short order. In the battle, 59 of her crew perished and 116 were left wounded.

For her service she and her crews were awarded three Battle Stars as well as the Navy Presidential Unit Citation.

The Laffey name was resurrected once more through USS Laffey (DD-724) (detailed elsewhere on this site) which was commissioned for service in 1944 and earned the title of "The Ship That Would Not Die". This incarnation managed to survive the rest of the war and served into the Cold War decades before being decommissioned and saved as a floating museum at Patriot's Point, South Carolina.

Specifications



Service Year
1942

Origin
United States national flag graphic
United States

Status
LOST-IN-ACTION
No Longer in Service.
Complement
208
PERSONNEL


Class
Benson-class
Number-in-Class
30
VESSELS
Ships-in-Class


USS Benson (DD-421); USS Mayo (DD-422); USS Madison (DD-425); USS Lansdale (DD-426); USS Hilary P. Jones (DD-427); USS Charles F. Hughes (DD-428); USS Laffey (DD-459); USS Woodworth (DD-460); USS Farenholt (DD-491); USS Bailey (DD-492); USS Bancroft (DD-598): USS Barton (DD-599); USS Boyle (DD-600); USS Champlin (DD-601); USS Meade (DD-602); USS Murphy (DD-603); USS Parker (DD-604); USS Caldwell (DD-605); USS Coghlan (DD-606): USS Frazier (DD-607); USS Gansevoort (DD-608); USS Gillespie (DD-609); USS Hobby (DD-610); USS Kalk (DD-611); USS Kendrick (DD-612); USS Laub (DD-613); USS MacKenzie (DD-614); USS McLanahan (DD-615); USS Nields (DD-616); USS Ordronaux (DD-617)


National flag of the United States United States
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Offshore Bombardment
Offshore bombardment / attack of surface targets / areas primarily through onboard ballistic weaponry.
Land-Attack
Offshore strike of surface targets primarily through onboard missile / rocket weaponry.
Maritime Patrol
Active patroling of vital waterways and maritime areas; can also serve as local deterrence against airborne and seaborne threats.
Airspace Denial / Deterrence
Neutralization or deterrence of airborne elements through onboard ballistic of missile weaponry.
Fleet Support
Serving in support (either firepower or material) of the main surface fleet in Blue Water environments.


Length
341.0 ft
103.94 m
Beam
36.0 ft
10.97 m
Draught
17.8 ft
5.43 m
Displacement
2,500
tons


Installed Power: 4 x Babcock & Wilcox boilers with 2 x Bethlehem Steel geared steam turbines developing 50,000 horsepower to 2 x Shafts.
Surface Speed
37.5 kts
(43.2 mph)
Range
6,517 nm
(7,500 mi | 12,070 km)


kts = knots | mph = miles-per-hour | nm = nautical miles | mi = miles | km = kilometers

1 kts = 1.15 mph | 1 nm = 1.15 mi | 1 nm = 1.85 km
4 x 5" (127mm) /38 caliber main guns in four single-gunned turrets (two forward, two aft).
5 x 20mm Oerlikon Anti-Aircraft (AA) guns
3 x 21" (530mm) torpedo tubes
5 x Depth charge projectors
2 x Depth charge racks


Supported Types


Graphical image of a historical warship turreted main gun armament
Graphical image of an aircraft automatic cannon
Graphical image of an aircraft aerial torpedo
Graphical image of a naval depth charge


(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
None.


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