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USS Gearing (DD-710)


Destroyer Warship / Submarine Hunter


United States | 1945



"A late-entry into the fighting of World War 2, USS Gearing led its 98-strong group of destroyers into the Cold War period."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 09/09/2020 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
USS Gearing (DD-710) was the lead ship of her Gearing-class of surface warship destroyers operated by the United States Navy (USN) during, and after, World War 2 (1939-1945). The class originally consisted of 152 total planned vessels though ninety-eight were eventually constructed for the fighting - all ninety-eight being retired with no losses in combat. Some of the class continued operational service into the early Cold War (1947-1991) period with many passed on to American allies during its "Cold War" with the Soviet Union. For her part in U.S. naval history, USS Gearing sailed into the 1970s to which she was eventually given up and sold off for scrapping in November 1974.

As built, USS Gearing was rated at 2,615 tons under standard load and up to 3,450 tons under full load. The vessel measured 390.5 feet long with a beam of 40.9 feet and a draught down to 14.4 feet. Power was from 4 x Boiler units feeding 2 x General Electric steam turbines outputting 60,000 horsepower and driving 2 x Shafts astern. With this propulsion scheme, the warship could make headway in ideal conditions at impressive ocean-going speeds nearing 37 knots while range was out to 4,500 nautical miles.

Gearing's profile saw twin main turrets seated forward of the bridge superstructure with the main mast directly aft. A twin smoke funnel arrangement was seen at midships with a noticeable gap identified between the two stacks. The hull was cut-down towards the stern, providing excellent views over the aft main gun turret. Aboard was a crew of 336 men.

Armament centered on 6 x 5" (130mm) "Dual-Purpose" (DP) main guns, these set in three twin-gunned turrets with two fitted fore and a single emplacement aft (the forward pair being stepped). Beyond this was a network of Anti-Aircraft (AA) guns that included 12 x 40mm Bofors automatic cannons and 11 x 20 Oerlikon automatic cannons. The vessel was also outfitted with 10 x 21" (533mm) torpedo tubes. All told, this gave the warship considerable firepower to act independently or as part of the main fighting fleet.

Gearing was laid down by the Federal Shipbuilding & Drydock Company on August 10th, 1944 and launched to sea for trials on February 18th, 1945. Formally commissioned on May 3rd, 1945, the warship arrived late to the fighting of World War 2 (Germany capitulated that month with Japan following in August) but took part in several peacetime voyages throughout the Atlantic and Mediterranean for her time at sea. From 1961 until 1962, she was overhauled and this led to her participation in the Cuban Missile Crisis of October 1962. The "FRAM I" life extension overhaul - addressing the clear and present Soviet submarine threat - followed in 1963 and Gearing operated in Atlantic waters as a submarine hunter into 1967. In 1973, she was officially decommissioned and her name struck from the Naval Register on July 1st, 1973 - leading to her scrapping in 1974.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one sea-going vessel design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for USS Gearing (DD-710).
4 x Boiler units feeding 2 x General Electric steam turbines developing 60,000 horsepower to 2 x Shafts astern.
Propulsion
36.8 kts
42.3 mph
Surface Speed
4,501 nm
5,180 miles | 8,336 km
Range
Structure
The bow-to-stern, port-to-starboard physical qualities of USS Gearing (DD-710).
336
Personnel
Complement
390.5 ft
119.02 meters
O/A Length
40.1 ft
12.22 meters
Beam
14.4 ft
4.39 meters
Draught
2,615
tons
Displacement
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of USS Gearing (DD-710).
6 x 5" (130mm) Dual-Purpose (DP) turreted main guns.
12 x 40mm Bofors Anti-Aircraft (AA) automatic cannons.
11 x 20mm Oerlikon AA automatic cannons.
10 x 21" (533mm) torpedo tubes.
Ships-in-Class (98)
Notable series variants as part of the USS Gearing (DD-710) family line as relating to the Gearing-class group.
USS Gearing (DD-710); USS Eugene A. Greene (DD-711); USS Gyatt (DD-712); USS Kenneth D. Bailey (DD-713/DDR-713); USS William R. Rush (DD-714); USS William M. Wood (DD-715); USS Witsie (DD-716); USS Theodore E. Chandler (DD-717); USS Hamner (DD-718); USS USS Epperson (DD-719/DDE-719); USS Frank Knox (DD-742/DDR-742); USS Southerland (DD-743); USS William C. Lawe (DD-763); USS Lloyd Thomas (DD-764/DDE-764); USS Keppler (DD-765/DDE-765); USS Rowan (DD-782); USS Gurke (DD-783); USS McKean (DD-784); USS Henderson (DD-785); USS Richard B. Anderson (DD-786); James E. Kyes (DD-787); USS Hollister (DD-788); USS Eversole (DD-789): USS Shelton (DD-790); USS Chevalier (DD-805/DDR-805); USS Higbee (DD-806); USS Benner (DD-807/DDR-807); USS Dennis J. Buckley (DD-808); USS Corry (DD-817); USS New (DD-818); USS Holder (DD-819); USS USS Rich (DD-820); USS Johnston (DD-821); USS Robert H. McCard (DD-822); USS Samuel B. Roberts (DD-823); USS Basilone (); USS Carpenter (); USS Agerholm (); USS Robert A. Owens (); USS Timmerman (); USS Myles C. Fox (); USS Everett F. Larson (); USS Goodrich (); USS Hanson (); USS Herbert J. Thomas (); USS Turner (); USS Charles P. Cecil (); USS George K. McKenzie (); USS Sarsfield (); USS Ernest G. Small (); USS Power (); USS Glennon (); USS Noa (); USS Fiske (); USS Warrington (); USS Perry (); USS Bausell (); Ozbourn (); USS Robert L. Wilson (); USS Witek (); USS Richard E. Kraus (); USS Joseph P. Kennedy (); USS Rupertus (); USS Leonard F. Mason (); USS Charles H. Roan (); USS Fred T. Berry (); USS USS Norris (); USS McCaffrey (); USS Harwood (); USS Vogelsang (); USS Steinaker (); USS Harold J. Ellison (); USS Charles R. Ware (); USS Cone (); USS Stribling (); USS Brownson (); USS Arnold J. Isbell (); USS Fechteler (); USS Damato (); USS Forrest Royal (); USS Hawkins (); USS Duncan (); USS Henry W. Tucker (); USS Rogers (); USS Perkins (); USS Vesole (); USS Leary (); USS Dyess (); USS Bordeion (); USS Furse (); USS Newman K. Perry (); USS Floyd B. Parks (); USS John R. Craig (DD-885); USS Orleck (DD-886); USS Brinkley Bass (DD-887); USS Stickell (DD-888); USS O-Hare (DD-889); USS Meredith (DD-890)
Operators
Global operator(s) of the USS Gearing (DD-710). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national naval warfare listing.
National flag of the United States

[ United States ]
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Image of the USS Gearing (DD-710)
United States Navy image from the Public Domain.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to seaborne requirements.
BLUE WATER SERVICE
CLOSE-TO-SHORE
OFFSHORE BOMBARDMENT
LAND-ATTACK
MARITIME PATROL
AIRSPACE DENIAL
FLEET SUPPORT
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
USS Gearing (DD-710) Destroyer Warship / Submarine Hunter appears in the following collections:
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