Ever-closer ties to China means that the nation of Myanmar can now benefit from the former's extensive military industry and overall reach. The Myanmar Navy's newest attack submarine, UMS Min Ye Kyaw Htin (72), is the former People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) Type 035B boat - also known as the "Ming-class" - which was added to the Chinese stable in 2000. The type currently serves with the navies of China and Bangladesh and now includes Myanmar. UMS Min Ye Kyaw Htin's original hull was completed at the Wuchang Shipyard in China.
The boat was handed over by the PLAN to the Myanmar Navy in 2021 and entered commissioned service December 24th - joining the ex-Soviet Kilo-class submarine UMS Min Ye Theinkhathu (71) which was added in 2020. The submarine can carry fourteen torpedoes and up to thirty-two naval mines allowing it to undertake various assignments in wartime and deterrence roles. It homeports from No.71 Submarine Base at Ownchein Island.
The two boats give the Myanmar Navy considerable tactical advantages when appropriately utilized alongside a surface fighting force that includes frigates, corvettes, and missile boats.
Type 035B boats are the most modern of the Chinese Type 035 family and were completed from 2000 to 2003, featuring modifications to somewhat set the boats apart from their original design. The revisions allow the launching of cruise missiles from the torpedo tubes, giving these vessels good "reach" against inland targets and another viable weapon to bring to bear against surface-dwelling naval targets. Power is from a conventional diesel-electric arrangement (Type E390ZC-1 of 5,200 horsepower) allowing the boat to reach submerged speeds of 18 knots under full power down to a depth of 980 feet. Dimensions include a length of 249 feet, a beam of 25 feet, and a draught of 17 feet. Displacement is 2,110 tonnes when submerged.
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December 24th, 2021 - UMS Min Ye Kyaw Htin (72) entered formal service with the Myanmar Navy.
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