×
Aviation & Aerospace - Airpower 2024 - Aircraft by Country - Aircraft Manufacturers Vehicles & Artillery - Armor 2024 - Armor by Country - Armor Manufacturers Infantry Small Arms - Warfighter 2024 - Small Arms by Country - Arms Manufacturers Warships & Submarines - Navies 2024 - Ships by Country - Shipbuilders U.S. Military Pay 2024 Military Ranks Special Forces by Country

Type 072A Landing Ship Tank (LST)


Amphibious Assault Support Landing Craft


China | 2003



"The Type 072A Landing Ship Tank represents an important component of Chinese amphibious operation support within the inventory of the PLAN."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 08/27/2021 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The modern Chinese Navy (People's Liberation Army Navy - PLAN) has a heavy focus on the amphibious operation, particularly as it consistently eyes the renegade island of Taiwan sitting just a short hop from its shores. Various ship types are dedicated to the costly and massive operational undertaking and these include "Landing Helicopter Dock" (LHD), "Amphibious Transport Dock" (ATD), and "Landing Ship Tank" (LST) landing ships. The Type 072A LST is a class of landing ships that encompasses fifteen total vessels operating throughout the North Sea, East Sea, and South Sea fleets of the PLAN service. It is known to NATO as the "Yuting III-class".

These are amphibious warfare support ships charged with moving man, machine, and supplies from ship-to-shore. The vessels are given shallow draughts of just 10.5 feet, allowing them to operate close-to-shore and, beyond this, dimensions include a hull with an overall length of 394 feet and a beam of 53.8 feet.

Displacement ranges from 3,770 tons under standard load to 4,800 tons under full load. The hull can house a bevy of mission-support items from combat vehicles to combat troops and related supplies, allowing for the strengthening / reinforcement of beachheads as land forces establish their presence. At least two medium-lift navy helicopters are supported from her top deck and these further aid in the movement of men and supplies from the ship to the shore line and beyond. The vehicle deck covers the whole length of the ship (bow-to-stern) and includes hinged access doors at the bow with a ramp at the stern giving complete thru-way access to the ship's internals. Up to 250 combat-ready personnel can be carried by each ship alongside vehicles, helicopters, and supplies - this is in addition to the operating complement of about 120.

Power is conventional and involves a pair of marine diesels driving twin shafts astern. This arrangement gives the vessel a maximum headway speed of 17 knots in ideal conditions. Range is out to 3,455 miles when cruising at 14 knots.

The craft features purely defensive armament in the form of 2 x 37mm automatic cannons in a single, twin-gunned mounting. Later batch ships have replaced this installation with a single 30mm H/PJ-17 automatic cannon for more effective point-defense firepower. In either case, the weapon gives some light protection from air attacks / threats, forcing the vessels to rely on accompanying airborne and shipborne elements for enhanced protection.

All fifteen of the vessels are in active service as of August 2021, these operating throughout the North Sea, East Sea, and South Sea fleet detachments of the PLAN and are recognized as prominent players in the various amphibious assault exercises taken on by the service in recent years. The ships have been constructed at the yards of Dalian, Fujian, Zhongua, and Wuhan. In service, they have been used to succeed the aging line of Type 072III series of landing craft in same role (in fact, the Type 072A represents a further evolution of the base design).

Commissioning of the newer Type 072A series began in 2003.

Content ©MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one sea-going vessel design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for Type 072A Landing Ship Tank (LST).
2 x Marine diesel engines of conventional design driving power to 2 x Shafts astern.
Propulsion
17.0 kts
19.6 mph
Surface Speed
2,998 nm
3,450 miles | 5,552 km
Range
Structure
The bow-to-stern, port-to-starboard physical qualities of Type 072A Landing Ship Tank (LST).
120
Personnel
Complement
393.7 ft
120.00 meters
O/A Length
53.8 ft
16.40 meters
Beam
10.5 ft
3.20 meters
Draught
4,000
tons
Displacement
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of Type 072A Landing Ship Tank (LST).
First-Batch (2003-2005):
2 x 37mm automatic cannons in single, twin-gunned mounting.

Second-Batch (2015-onward):
1 x 30mm automatic cannon in single, single-gunned mounting.
Air Arm
Available supported fixed-wing / rotary-wing aircraft featured in the design of Type 072A Landing Ship Tank (LST).
1 OR 2 x Medium-lift navy helicopter.
Ships-in-Class (15)
Notable series variants as part of the Type 072A Landing Ship Tank (LST) family line as relating to the Type 072A LST group.
CNS Tianzhu Shan (911); CNS Daqing Shan (912); CNS Baxian Shan (913); Ship #4 (914); Ship #5 (915); CNS Tianmu Shan (916); Ship #7 (917); CNS Dabie Shan (981); CNS Taihan Shan (982); CNS Huadin Shan (992); CNS Louxiao Shan (993); CNS Daiyun Shan (994); CNS Wanyang Shan (995); CNS Laotie Shan (996); CNS Yunwu Shan (997)
Operators
Global operator(s) of the Type 072A Landing Ship Tank (LST). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national naval warfare listing.

Shipbuilder(s): Dalian / Fujian / Wuhan / Zhonghua - China
National flag of China

[ China ]
1 / 2
Image of the Type 072A Landing Ship Tank (LST)
Image from the Chinese Ministry of Defense; Public Release.
2 / 2
Image of the Type 072A Landing Ship Tank (LST)
Image from the Chinese Ministry of Defense; Public Release.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to seaborne requirements.
AMPHIBIOUS ASSAULT
BLUE WATER SERVICE
CLOSE-TO-SHORE
SHIP-TO-SHORE
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
Type 072A Landing Ship Tank (LST) Amphibious Assault Support Landing Craft appears in the following collections:
HOME
NAVAL WARFARE INDEX
WARSHIPS BY COUNTRY
SHIPBUILDERS
COMPARE WARSHIPS
SHIPS BY CONFLICT
SHIPS BY TYPE
SHIPS BY DECADE
MODERN VESSELS
Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2024 Military Pay Scale Military Ranks U.S. DoD Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols US 5-Star Generals WW2 Weapons by Country

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

Part of a network of sites that includes Global Firepower, WDMMA.org, WDMMW.org, and World War Next.


©2024 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2024 (21yrs)