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Type 072A Landing Ship Tank (LST)


Amphibious Assault Support Landing Craft (2003)


Naval Warfare

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Image from the Chinese Ministry of Defense; Public Release.
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Image from the Chinese Ministry of Defense; Public Release.

Jump-to: Specifications

The Type 072A Landing Ship Tank represents an important component of Chinese amphibious operation support within the inventory of the PLAN.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 08/27/2021 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
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The modern Chinese Navy (People's Liberation Army Navy - PLAN) has a heavy focus on the amphibious operation, particularly as it consistently eyes the renegade island of Taiwan sitting just a short hop from its shores. Various ship types are dedicated to the costly and massive operational undertaking and these include "Landing Helicopter Dock" (LHD), "Amphibious Transport Dock" (ATD), and "Landing Ship Tank" (LST) landing ships. The Type 072A LST is a class of landing ships that encompasses fifteen total vessels operating throughout the North Sea, East Sea, and South Sea fleets of the PLAN service. It is known to NATO as the "Yuting III-class".

These are amphibious warfare support ships charged with moving man, machine, and supplies from ship-to-shore. The vessels are given shallow draughts of just 10.5 feet, allowing them to operate close-to-shore and, beyond this, dimensions include a hull with an overall length of 394 feet and a beam of 53.8 feet.

Displacement ranges from 3,770 tons under standard load to 4,800 tons under full load. The hull can house a bevy of mission-support items from combat vehicles to combat troops and related supplies, allowing for the strengthening / reinforcement of beachheads as land forces establish their presence. At least two medium-lift navy helicopters are supported from her top deck and these further aid in the movement of men and supplies from the ship to the shore line and beyond. The vehicle deck covers the whole length of the ship (bow-to-stern) and includes hinged access doors at the bow with a ramp at the stern giving complete thru-way access to the ship's internals. Up to 250 combat-ready personnel can be carried by each ship alongside vehicles, helicopters, and supplies - this is in addition to the operating complement of about 120.

Power is conventional and involves a pair of marine diesels driving twin shafts astern. This arrangement gives the vessel a maximum headway speed of 17 knots in ideal conditions. Range is out to 3,455 miles when cruising at 14 knots.

The craft features purely defensive armament in the form of 2 x 37mm automatic cannons in a single, twin-gunned mounting. Later batch ships have replaced this installation with a single 30mm H/PJ-17 automatic cannon for more effective point-defense firepower. In either case, the weapon gives some light protection from air attacks / threats, forcing the vessels to rely on accompanying airborne and shipborne elements for enhanced protection.

All fifteen of the vessels are in active service as of August 2021, these operating throughout the North Sea, East Sea, and South Sea fleet detachments of the PLAN and are recognized as prominent players in the various amphibious assault exercises taken on by the service in recent years. The ships have been constructed at the yards of Dalian, Fujian, Zhongua, and Wuhan. In service, they have been used to succeed the aging line of Type 072III series of landing craft in same role (in fact, the Type 072A represents a further evolution of the base design).

Commissioning of the newer Type 072A series began in 2003.

Specifications



Service Year
2003

Origin
China national flag graphic
China

Status
COMMISSIONED
In Active Service.
Complement
120
PERSONNEL


Dalian / Fujian / Wuhan / Zhonghua - China
Class
Type 072A LST
Number-in-Class
15
VESSELS
Ships-in-Class


CNS Tianzhu Shan (911); CNS Daqing Shan (912); CNS Baxian Shan (913); Ship #4 (914); Ship #5 (915); CNS Tianmu Shan (916); Ship #7 (917); CNS Dabie Shan (981); CNS Taihan Shan (982); CNS Huadin Shan (992); CNS Louxiao Shan (993); CNS Daiyun Shan (994); CNS Wanyang Shan (995); CNS Laotie Shan (996); CNS Yunwu Shan (997)


National flag of China China
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Amphibious Assault
A shallow draught, and other qualities, give this vessel the ability to support amphibious assault operations close-to-shore.


SHALLOW DRAUGHT
Vessel's hull design is such that it can operate in close-to-shore / shallow water environments.
ANTI-AIRCRAFT
Onboard systems alert and protect the vessel from airborne, low-flying airborne threats through ballistic and / or missile weaponry.
OVER-THE-HORIZON
An Over-the-Horizon operational capability is granted to the vessel, typically through launched fixed-wing / rotary-wing aircraft.
SHIP-TO-SHORE
Onboard facilities provide for the launching of air and/or land elements for shore attack and infiltration.


Length
393.7 ft
120.00 m
Beam
53.8 ft
16.40 m
Draught
10.5 ft
3.20 m
Displacement
4,000
tons


Installed Power: 2 x Marine diesel engines of conventional design driving power to 2 x Shafts astern.
Surface Speed
17.0 kts
(19.6 mph)
Range
2,998 nm
(3,450 mi | 5,552 km)


kts = knots | mph = miles-per-hour | nm = nautical miles | mi = miles | km = kilometers

1 kts = 1.15 mph | 1 nm = 1.15 mi | 1 nm = 1.85 km
First-Batch (2003-2005):
2 x 37mm automatic cannons in single, twin-gunned mounting.

Second-Batch (2015-onward):
1 x 30mm automatic cannon in single, single-gunned mounting.


Supported Types


Graphical image of an aircraft automatic cannon


(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
1 OR 2 x Medium-lift navy helicopter.


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