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TCG Gaziantep (F-490)

Frigate Warship

Turkiye | 1997

"The origin of TCG Gaziantep F-490 lays in the United States Navy Oliver Hazard Perry-class fighting warships of the late-Cold War period."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 01/30/2023 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
TCG Gaziantep (F-490) is a modern, 4,600-ton guided-missile frigate of the Turkish Navy. The service currently (2023) fields sixteen hulls in the category broken down into three classes known as the Gabya-class, the Barbaros/Salihreis-class, and the Yavuz-class. The Gabya-class represents some of the most modern of the groups and are built upon the hulls of former USN Oliver Hazard Perry-class warships - though modernized for modern duty.

Gaziantep (F-490) was commissioned into service on August 27th, 1997 after being transferred from the United States Navy inventory (by way of the Security Assistance Program = SAP). Once under Turkish ownership, her class was revised to be "G-class" (or "Gabya-class").

The original ship was built by Bath Iron Works of Bath, Maine and ordered on February 27th, 1976, her keel being laid down on July 30th, 1979 Commissioned on February 16th, 1980, she then sailed under the name of USS Clifton Sprague for her time in the USN. Her decommissioning, after over a decade of service, followed on June 2nd, 1995 - the name stricken from the Naval Register on September 4th, 1997.

Key modernization aspects of the series include the GENESIS (Gemi Entegre Savas Idare Sistemi) Advanced Combat Systam (ACS). Radar, sensors, communications, and even the sonar fit are all enhanced in the design. F-490, F-495, F-496, and F-497 all received the Mk 41 Vertical Launching System (VLS) housing the Evolved Sea Sparrow (ESS) medium-ranged Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) system as well making them truly potent multi-mission warfare types.

The propulsion scheme involves 2 x General Electric LM2500-30 gas turbines developing 41,000 horsepower to 1 x Shaft astern. There are also 2 x Auxiliary Propulsion Units (APUs) available generating 350 horsepower for fine-maneuvering. Maximum speed in ideal conditions reaches 30 knots and range is out to 5,000 nautical miles.

Aboard is a crew of 222 personnel including 19 officers. The ship carries the AN/SPS-49 air-search radar, the AN/SPS-55 surface-search radar, and the CAS and STIR Fire Control Radar (FCR). The Electronic Warfare (EW) suite is made up of the AN/SLQ-32 suite.

Original armament encompasses 1 x OTO-Melara Mk 75 series turreted deck gun, 1 x Mk 41 Vertical Launching System (VLS) for 32 x "Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile" (ESSM) Surface-to-Air Missiles (SAMs), 2 x 4-cell "Harpoon" anti-ship missile launcher, 40 x SM-1 (RIM-66) SAMs, 1 x 20mm Mk 15 "Vulcan" Close-In Weapon System (CIWS), and 2 x 324mm Mk 32 triple torpedo tubes. Over the rear of the ship is supported a single medium-lift navalized helicopter for Over-the-Horizon (OtH) work (including sub-hunting, Search and Rescue and ship-spotting).

The profile of the ship is consistent with late-Cold War era warship design: there are protrusions aplenty with handrails featured nearly across the entire length of the ship. The hull superstructure is contained as a single mass over midships. To this is added the mast works (of the exposed lattice type) with all of their associated communications, radar, and sensor arrays. The bridge section takes up its usual place aft of the forecastle. Smoke funnels are nearly hidden in the superstructure to maintain a low profile form. The superstructure itself immediately terminates ahead of the stern wall to provide landing space for a single helicopter. The hull line is continuous, stepped down from the forecastle and leading all the way to the stern.

TCG Gaziantep has a hull age of 26 years in Turkish service, slightly older than her other Oliver Hazard Perry-class sisters. Despite their age, they form a formidable portion of the modern Turkish surface fleet.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one sea-going vessel design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for TCG Gaziantep (F-490).
2 x General Electric LM2500 gas turbines developing 41,000 horsepower to 1 x Shaft astern; 2 x Bow thrusters.
30.0 kts
34.5 mph
Surface Speed
5,001 nm
5,755 miles | 9,262 km
The bow-to-stern, port-to-starboard physical qualities of TCG Gaziantep (F-490).
444.1 ft
135.36 meters
O/A Length
44.1 ft
13.44 meters
22.0 ft
6.71 meters
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of TCG Gaziantep (F-490).
1 x 76mm OTO-Melara Dual-Purpose (DP) turreted deck gun.
1 x 8-cell Mk 41 Vertical Launching System (VLS) for 32 x Evolved Sea Sparrow Surface-to-Air Missiles (SAMs).
40 x SM-1 Standard MR (RIM-66) SAMs.
2 x 4-cell "Harpoon" anti-ship missile launchers.
2 x 324mm Mark 32 triple torpedo tubes (Mark 46 or Mark 50 torpedo families).
1 x 20mm Mk 15 Phalanx Close-In Weapon System (CIWS).
Air Arm
Available supported fixed-wing / rotary-wing aircraft featured in the design of TCG Gaziantep (F-490).
1 x Sikorsky S-70B "Seahawk" or Agusta-Bell AB212 helicopter supported from the stern helipad.
Ships-in-Class (8)
Notable series variants as part of the TCG Gaziantep (F-490) family line as relating to the Gabya-class (G-class / Oliver Hazard Perry-class) group.
TCG Gaziantep (F-490); TCG Giresun (F-491); TCG Gemlik (F-492); TCG Gelibolu (F-493); TCG Gokceada (F-494); TCG Gediz (F-495); TCG Gokova (F-496); TCG Goksu (F-497)
Global operator(s) of the TCG Gaziantep (F-490). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national naval warfare listing.

Shipbuilder(s): Bath Iron Works - United States
National flag of Turkey

[ Turkey (Turkiye) ]
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Image of the TCG Gaziantep (F-490)
Image from the U.S. DoD DVIDS imagery database; Public Release.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to seaborne requirements.
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
TCG Gaziantep (F-490) Frigate Warship appears in the following collections:
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