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Naval Warfare

TCG Gaziantep (F-490)

Frigate Warship [ 1997 ]

The origin of TCG Gaziantep F-490 lays in the United States Navy Oliver Hazard Perry-class fighting warships of the late-Cold War period.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 01/30/2023 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

TCG Gaziantep (F-490) is a modern, 4,600-ton guided-missile frigate of the Turkish Navy. The service currently (2023) fields sixteen hulls in the category broken down into three classes known as the Gabya-class, the Barbaros/Salihreis-class, and the Yavuz-class. The Gabya-class represents some of the most modern of the groups and are built upon the hulls of former USN Oliver Hazard Perry-class warships - though modernized for modern duty.

Gaziantep (F-490) was commissioned into service on August 27th, 1997 after being transferred from the United States Navy inventory (by way of the Security Assistance Program = SAP). Once under Turkish ownership, her class was revised to be "G-class" (or "Gabya-class").

The original ship was built by Bath Iron Works of Bath, Maine and ordered on February 27th, 1976, her keel being laid down on July 30th, 1979 Commissioned on February 16th, 1980, she then sailed under the name of USS Clifton Sprague for her time in the USN. Her decommissioning, after over a decade of service, followed on June 2nd, 1995 - the name stricken from the Naval Register on September 4th, 1997.

Key modernization aspects of the series include the GENESIS (Gemi Entegre Savas Idare Sistemi) Advanced Combat Systam (ACS). Radar, sensors, communications, and even the sonar fit are all enhanced in the design. F-490, F-495, F-496, and F-497 all received the Mk 41 Vertical Launching System (VLS) housing the Evolved Sea Sparrow (ESS) medium-ranged Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) system as well making them truly potent multi-mission warfare types.

The propulsion scheme involves 2 x General Electric LM2500-30 gas turbines developing 41,000 horsepower to 1 x Shaft astern. There are also 2 x Auxiliary Propulsion Units (APUs) available generating 350 horsepower for fine-maneuvering. Maximum speed in ideal conditions reaches 30 knots and range is out to 5,000 nautical miles.

Aboard is a crew of 222 personnel including 19 officers. The ship carries the AN/SPS-49 air-search radar, the AN/SPS-55 surface-search radar, and the CAS and STIR Fire Control Radar (FCR). The Electronic Warfare (EW) suite is made up of the AN/SLQ-32 suite.

Original armament encompasses 1 x OTO-Melara Mk 75 series turreted deck gun, 1 x Mk 41 Vertical Launching System (VLS) for 32 x "Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile" (ESSM) Surface-to-Air Missiles (SAMs), 2 x 4-cell "Harpoon" anti-ship missile launcher, 40 x SM-1 (RIM-66) SAMs, 1 x 20mm Mk 15 "Vulcan" Close-In Weapon System (CIWS), and 2 x 324mm Mk 32 triple torpedo tubes. Over the rear of the ship is supported a single medium-lift navalized helicopter for Over-the-Horizon (OtH) work (including sub-hunting, Search and Rescue and ship-spotting).

The profile of the ship is consistent with late-Cold War era warship design: there are protrusions aplenty with handrails featured nearly across the entire length of the ship. The hull superstructure is contained as a single mass over midships. To this is added the mast works (of the exposed lattice type) with all of their associated communications, radar, and sensor arrays. The bridge section takes up its usual place aft of the forecastle. Smoke funnels are nearly hidden in the superstructure to maintain a low profile form. The superstructure itself immediately terminates ahead of the stern wall to provide landing space for a single helicopter. The hull line is continuous, stepped down from the forecastle and leading all the way to the stern.

TCG Gaziantep has a hull age of 26 years in Turkish service, slightly older than her other Oliver Hazard Perry-class sisters. Despite their age, they form a formidable portion of the modern Turkish surface fleet.©MilitaryFactory.com
Note: The above text is EXCLUSIVE to the site www.MilitaryFactory.com. It is the product of many hours of research and work made possible with the help of contributors, veterans, insiders, and topic specialists. If you happen upon this text anywhere else on the internet or in print, please let us know at MilitaryFactory AT gmail DOT com so that we may take appropriate action against the offender / offending site and continue to protect this original work.


Service Year

Turkey national flag graphic

In Active Service.

Bath Iron Works - United States
(View other Ship-Related Manufacturers)
Gabya-class (G-class / Oliver Hazard Perry-class)

TCG Gaziantep (F-490); TCG Giresun (F-491); TCG Gemlik (F-492); TCG Gelibolu (F-493); TCG Gokceada (F-494); TCG Gediz (F-495); TCG Gokova (F-496); TCG Goksu (F-497)

National flag of Turkey Turkey (Turkiye)
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Offshore Bombardment
Offshore bombardment / attack of surface targets / areas primarily through onboard ballistic weaponry.
Offshore strike of surface targets primarily through onboard missile / rocket weaponry.
Maritime Patrol
Active patroling of vital waterways and maritime areas; can also serve as local deterrence against airborne and seaborne threats.
Airspace Denial / Deterrence
Neutralization or deterrence of airborne elements through onboard ballistic of missile weaponry.
Fleet Support
Serving in support (either firepower or material) of the main surface fleet in Blue Water environments.

444.1 ft
135.36 m
44.1 ft
13.44 m
22.0 ft
6.71 m

Installed Power: 2 x General Electric LM2500 gas turbines developing 41,000 horsepower to 1 x Shaft astern; 2 x Bow thrusters.
Surface Speed
30.0 kts
(34.5 mph)
5,001 nm
(5,755 mi | 9,262 km)

kts = knots | mph = miles-per-hour | nm = nautical miles | mi = miles | km = kilometers

1 kts = 1.15 mph | 1 nm = 1.15 mi | 1 nm = 1.85 km
1 x 76mm OTO-Melara Dual-Purpose (DP) turreted deck gun.
1 x 8-cell Mk 41 Vertical Launching System (VLS) for 32 x Evolved Sea Sparrow Surface-to-Air Missiles (SAMs).
40 x SM-1 Standard MR (RIM-66) SAMs.
2 x 4-cell "Harpoon" anti-ship missile launchers.
2 x 324mm Mark 32 triple torpedo tubes (Mark 46 or Mark 50 torpedo families).
1 x 20mm Mk 15 Phalanx Close-In Weapon System (CIWS).

Supported Types

Graphical image of a modern warship turreted deck gun armament
Graphical image of an aircraft Gatling-style rotating gun
Graphical image of an air-to-air missile weapon
Graphical image of a medium-range air-to-air missile
Graphical image of an aircraft aerial torpedo
Graphical image of an aircraft anti-ship missile

(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
1 x Sikorsky S-70B "Seahawk" or Agusta-Bell AB212 helicopter supported from the stern helipad.

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Military lapel ribbon for early warship designs
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Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective naval campaigns / operations / periods.

Images Gallery

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Image of the TCG Gaziantep (F-490)
Image from the U.S. DoD DVIDS imagery database; Public Release.

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