The modern Russian Navy continues to be deficient in its aircraft carrying capabilities with the aging "Kuznetsov" operating as the sole option. This leaves a massive hole in the service's ability to bring the fight to the enemy and a heavier reliance on a myriad of ship types to satisfy the requirement. All that is set to change with the arrival of "Project 23900" (P.23900) - the program set to cover a pair of "Universal Landing Ships" (UDC) being constructed for the modern Russian Navy. The contract for shipbuilding was handed down in May of 2020 and the vessels were formally announced in July of that year at the Zaliv Shipbuilding Plant LLC of Kerch.
The two hulls, essentially comparable to Western helicopter carriers / destroyers, are set to be named "Ivan Rogov" and "Mitrofan Moskalenko" and carry hull numbers "01901" and "01902", respectively. Their general design was fleshed out by the Zelenodolsk Design Bureau JSC.
A scale model of the ship standard was exhibited at Army-2022 showing the configuration of the ships. This includes a through-deck arrangement (running bow-to-stern) with the long island superstructure set to the starboard side. Eight landing / take-off areas will be featured with seven lined to port and a single area at the starboard-stern corner. At least two hangar elevators will provide access to decks below and vice versa. The island superstructure will seat the bridge and ATC sections at opposite ends as well as the usual naval communications, sensor arrays, and processing systems. Defensive measures will be spread about the hull to provide protection from inbound aerial threats. An oversized door / ramp at the rear face of the hull will support the entry / exit of the ship by amphibious assault elements. Sonar will most likely be featured in the bow / hull.
Supported aircraft types include attack helicopters (such as the Kamov Ka-52), medium-lift types (like the Mi-17), and the usual Kamov co-axial navy models (including the upcoming Kamov Ka-65 "Minoga"). In addition to this, the vessel will be granted inherent support for the launching and retrieval of Vertical Take-Off and Landing (VTOL) Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UASs).
As of this writing, the propulsion scheme is not known but can be assumed to be conventional in nature and feature twin shafts.
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(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
A shallow draught, and other qualities, give this vessel the ability to support amphibious assault operations close-to-shore.
✓Flag Ship / Capital Ship
Serving in the fleet Flag Ship role or Capital Ship in older warship designs / terminology.
Vessel's hull design is such that it can operate in close-to-shore / shallow water environments.
Onboard systems alert and protect the vessel from airborne, low-flying airborne threats through ballistic and / or missile weaponry.
An Over-the-Horizon operational capability is granted to the vessel, typically through launched fixed-wing / rotary-wing aircraft.
Onboard facilities provide for the launching of air and/or land elements for shore attack and infiltration.
670.0 ft 204.22 m
155.0 ft 47.24 m
20.5 ft 6.25 m
Conventional arrangement of unknown make, model, and output power presumably driving 2 x Shafts astern.
20.0 kts (23.0 mph)
7,386 nm (8,500 mi | 13,679 km)
kts = knots | mph = miles-per-hour | nm = nautical miles | mi = miles | km = kilometers
1 kts = 1.15 mph | 1 nm = 1.15 mi | 1 nm = 1.85 km
Undisclosed at time of writing. Assumed Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) solutions against aerial threats.
(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
Eight landing / take-off areas supporting various attack / transport / support rotary-wing aircraft including Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UASs).
Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective naval campaigns / operations / periods.
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