KRI Banda Aceh, carrying the pennant identifier of "LPD-593", is a Landing Platform Dock (LPD) surface vessel of the modern Indonesian Navy. The Navy operates five total vessels of similar design built to the Makassar-class standard. These ships, currently actively operated by Indonesia and Peru, have been constructed by local industry in their respective nations. KRI Banda Aceh saw her keel laid down on December 7th, 2007 and she was launched to sea on March 19th, 2010. The warship was officially commissioned by way of ceremony on March 21st, 2011 and maintains an active position in the Indonesian fleet as of this writing (2018). Her sisters include Makassar (the lead ship of the class), Surabaya, Banjarmasin, and a fifth yet-unnamed vessel (to enter service in or around 2018).
The Philippines is set to receive two vessels built to the Makassar-class standard before the end of the decade. For the Indonesian Navy, the class is constructed by PT PAL. For the Peruvian Navy, which claims two of the ships, these are constructed by SIMA (and named as Pisco and Paita).
As designed, the vessel exhibits a displacement of 7,300 tons under standard loads and up to 11,400 tons under full loads. Overall length is 125 meters with a beam measuring 22 meters and a draught of 4.9 meters. The latter quality is of particular importance as this allows the ship to operate Close-to-Shore (CtS). The internal deck arrangement allows the vessel to supply amphibious fighting forces by providing armored combat vehicles, logistical trucks, and marine/infantrymen elements (delivered by the two LCVP landing craft carried aboard). Up to forty infantry-level vehicles can be stowed and up to 218 combat-ready troopers can be housed. Onboard stores allow the Banda Aceh to remain at-sea for up to 45 days. This gives her the capability to prove just as useful in a humanitarian role as well for some 520 personnel can be sheltered on her decks if needed.
As a Landing Helicopter Dock, the warship's design sees a helipad added over her stern which can service up to two Mil Mi-8/Mi-17 (or similar) medium-lift transport / assault helicopters. In total, her hangar space can house five such helicopters for amphibious assault or humanitarian operations.
Armament is self-defensive in nature, consisting of 1 x 40mm Bofors autocannon in the "A" gun position and 2 x 20mm Oerlikon autocannons in the "B" position. Mistral "Simbad" missile launchers are also fitted. This provides the vessel with some anti-aircraft capability but it is inherently limited so forced to rely on accompanying ships and aircraft for total defense.
Power is through a COmbined Diesel and Diesel (CODAD) arrangement involving 2 x MAN B&W 8L28/32A series marine diesels developing 2,666 horsepower driving 2 x Shafts under stern. Maximum speed in ideal conditions reaches 16 knots and range is an impressive 10,000 nautical miles.
KRI Banda Aceh took over the LPD role from KRI Tanjung Dalpele which now serves in the hospital ship role.
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