The Indian Navy has historically been influenced from both Western and Soviet doctrine and warship design. The Talwar-class frigate of its modern navy is more of the latter as the vessels were constructed in Russia from an existing Soviet-era design. INS Talwar, the lead ship of the group, was ordered on November 17th, 1997 and laid down by builder Baltiysky Zavod on March 10th, 1999. She was launched to sea on May 12th, 2000 and formally commissioned on June 18th, 2003.
The Talwar-class ("Talwar" meaning "sword") is a six-strong group and classified as "guided-missile frigates". Their design is based largely on the Soviet "Krivak III" class frigate which succeeded the outgoing Riga-class and held design origins in the 1950s.The evolution of this group has been a good one as the design has proven itself over the decades since. Today, the Talwar-class remains a modern surface-going warship with suitable capabilities for wartime use. INS Talwar (F40) is joined by her sisters in INS Trishul (F43), INS Tabar (F44); INS Teg (F45); INS Tarkash (F50) and INS Trikand (F51). All remain in active service as of 2015 with the last (Trikand) commissioned for service as recently as June 2013.
However, her success at sea depends on more than just her armament fit. Talwar is given a slew of sensors and processing systems to see the job through. This includes several radar systems for surface searching, tracking and engagement. An inertial navigation and stabilization suite are also part of her installations. Air-Surface Search functionality is further enhanced through a Fregat M2EM 3D circular scan radar fit. The BEL APSOH serves as the onboard sonar system which this is fitted inside of the hull.
Beyond her installed armament and technological components, the Talwar-class also features a stern flight deck for accepting and launching a Kamov Ka-28 "Helix-A" naval helicopter (or similar) rotary-wing aircraft. She is also capable of operating the HAL Dhruv series helicopters in similar fashion. These units can resupply the ship while at sea or serve in the submarine-hunting or anti-ship role as necessary.
As designed, Talwar displaces at 3,620 tons under standard load and 4,035 tons under full load. Her dimensions include a length of 409 feet, a beam of 50 feet and a draught of 15 feet. Power is served through 2 x DS-71 turbines delivering 9,000 horsepower for cruising and 2 x DT-59 boost turbines for dash actions (delivering 19,500 horsepower). Maximum speed in ideal conditions is 30 knots with operational ranges out to 4,850 miles. Her crew complement is just 180 personnel.
The profile of the Talwar features a rather long forecastle which sets the bridge superstructure at around midships. This allows four of her major weapon systems to be fitted ahead of the bridge including the turreted deck gun, a Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) system, a Surface-to-Surface Missile (SSM) launcher, and the RBU-6000 rocket-launching fit. At midships, the superstructure sports slab-sides with little to no crew railing. A wholly-enclosed mast is sat over the bridge with a pyramidal main mast seated just aft. An angled lattice-style mast is then fitted at the aft edge of the bridge roof. As is the case with modern warships today, the smoke funnel of Talwar is of a low-profile design and an attached platform at this structure supports a Front Dome Fire Control Radar installation. The aft portion of he superstructure sports a full service hanger for supporting helicopter and UAV operations. Two more of the SAM systems are featured at this area (port and starboard sides). The flight deck then takes over the rear of the profile.
INS Talwar completed her evaluation and sea trials during June of 2002 to which several issued were forced to be dealt with. Commissioning took place in Russian waters where the ship was construction in June of 2003. Since relocating to Indian waters, the vessel has operated mainly in the Indian Ocean. A May 2006 incident saw the crew release the anchor against the submarines sonar dome system which forced repairs. Several joint exercises with NATO members have also been a part of the Talwar's history. In 2009, the vessel lent her capabilities to combating Somali pirates harrassing shipments in an around the war-torn country. Her last notable entry is of a collision with a trawler off the coast of Ratnagiri in December of 2013. The Trawler was sunk in the accident.
Note: The above text is EXCLUSIVE to the site www.MilitaryFactory.com. It is the product of many hours of research and work made possible with the help of contributors, veterans, insiders, and topic specialists. If you happen upon this text anywhere else on the internet or in print, please let us know at MilitaryFactory AT gmail DOT com so that we may take appropriate action against the offender / offending site and continue to protect this original work.
24 x Shtil-1 medium-ranged Anti-Aircraft (AA) missiles
8 x Igla-1E (SA-16) short-ranged Anti-Aircraft (AA) missiles.
8 x Vertical Launching Systems (VLSs) for Anti-Ship (AS) or land-attack cruise missiles.
1 x 100mm A-190E deck gun
2 x Kashtan Close-In Weapon Systems (CIWSs)
2 x 533m torpedo tubes
1 x RBU-6000 (RPK-8) Anti-Submarine rocket launcher
1 x Kamov Ka-28 "Helix" or similar naval helicopter on stern flight deck.
The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content; site is 100% curated by humans.