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HMS Trafalgar (S107)


Nuclear-Powered Attack Submarine (1983)


Naval Warfare

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Image from the United States Department of Defense DVIDS database; HMS Trenchant S91 pictured.

Jump-to: Specifications

HMS Trafalgar S107 served as the lead ship of the Trafalgar-class for the British Royal Navy towards the end of the Cold War - she has since been decommissioned.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 12/08/2017 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
The Trafalgar-class group of nuclear-powered attack submarines was adopted by the British Royal Navy (RN) in the mid-1980s to succeed the Swiftsure-class of 1970s origin. The new boats were larger, heavier and more efficient than the type they replaced and similarly numbered seven in all. HMS Trafalgar (S107) was the lead ship-of-the-class and was laid down by Vickers Shipbuilding and Engineering of Barrow-in-Furness on April 25th, 1979. She was launched on July 1st, 1981 and officially commissioned into service on May 27th, 1983. She led an operational existence until decommissioned on December 4th, 2009.

As of December 2017, just three of the original boats - Trenchant, Talent and Triumph - remain in active service.

The Trafalgar-class was more or less an extension of the previous Swiftsure boats. The hulls were of greater dimension and attention was paid to reducing the acoustic signature even further by the use of anechoic sound-absorbing tiles. HMS Trafalgar lacked the shrouded pump-jet propulsor unit fitted to the rest of the boats and relied, instead, on a conventional propeller. Dimensions included a length of 280 feet, a beam of 32 feet and a draught of 31 feet. Power was from a Rolls-Royce PWR1 series reactor coupled to 2 x GEC steam turbines, 2 x WH Allen turbo generators and 2 x Paxman diesel alternators. Submerged speeds could reach beyond 30 knots and range was essentially unlimited due to the nuclear fit.

Aboard was a crew of 130, a decided increase from the 116 personnel featured in the Swiftsure boat class. Beyond the standard 5 x 21" (533mm) torpedo tube armament, the Trafalgar - and all her class - were equipped to fire the American Tomahawk cruise missile (Block IV).
The vessels were given a conventional submarine shape with tapered bows and sterns. The sail was set ahead of midships and the tailplane arrangement a cruciform pattern. The top of the deck was relatively flat with the line running this way most of the length of the boat. For their time, the Trafalgar-class were very advanced undersea boats noted for their low acoustic levels and effective intelligence-gathering capabilities.

HMS Trafalgar has a career blemish when she was run aground in 1996 near the coast of Scotland (Isle of Skye). She did, however, manage to see combat actions prior to her retirement in 2009 when the boat participated in "Operation Veritas" during 2001 (following the events of 9/11). Cruise missiles were launched against Al-Qaeda / Taliban positions in Afghanistan in the operation. In March of 2002, she returned to British home waters but, that November, she ran aground yet-again resulting in damage and a few reported injuries.

The Trafalgar-class has since been succeeded by the Astute-class with will number seven boats (three are in service as of this writing).

Specifications



Service Year
1983

Origin
United Kingdom national flag graphic
United Kingdom

Complement
130
PERSONNEL


Class
Trafalgar-class
Number-in-Class
7
VESSELS
Ships-in-Class


HMS Trafalgar (S107); HMS Turbulent (S87); HMS Tireless (S88); HMS Torbay (S90); HMS Trenchant (S91); HMS Talent (S92); HMS Triumph (S93)


National flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom (retired)
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Submerged Attack
Traveling under the surface to search, track, and / or engage or reconnoiter areas.
Maritime Patrol
Active patroling of vital waterways and maritime areas; can also serve as local deterrence against airborne and seaborne threats.
Fleet Support
Serving in support (either firepower or material) of the main surface fleet in Blue Water environments.


Length
280.0 ft
85.34 m
Beam
32.0 ft
9.75 m
Draught
31.0 ft
9.45 m
Displacement
4,750
tons
Disp.Submerged
5,250
tons


Installed Power: 1 x Rolls-Royce PWR1 series nuclear reactor with 2 x WH Allen turbo generators and 2 x Paxman diesel alternators (2,800 horsepower) driving power to 1 x Shaft.
Surface Speed
20.0 kts
(23.0 mph)
Submerged Speed
32.0 kts
(36.8 mph)
Range
Essentially Unlimited


kts = knots | mph = miles-per-hour | nm = nautical miles | mi = miles | km = kilometers

1 kts = 1.15 mph | 1 nm = 1.15 mi | 1 nm = 1.85 km
5 x 21" (533mm) torpedo tubes (bow-facing) with support for Spearfish torpedoes or Tomahawk Block IV cruise missiles.


Supported Types


Graphical image of an aircraft aerial torpedo
Graphical image of an air launched cruise missile weapon


(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
None.


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