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FS Agosta (S620)


Diesel-Electric Attack Submarine (1977)


Naval Warfare

The Agosta-class diesel-electric boats served the French Navy for over twenty-years before being given up in favor of nuclear-powered types.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 01/01/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
The Agosta-class diesel-electric attack submarines were adopted by the French Navy specifically for patrol work along the crucial waterways of the Mediterranean Theater. The series was also adopted by the navies of Spain and Pakistan and continue in service with those two countries today (2016). The French Navy operated the class for about two decades before the line was retired in the early 2000s. A total of four Agosta-class boats were on hand with the French Navy - lead boat Agosta (S620) and her sisters Beveziers (S621), La Praya (S622) and Ouessant (S623).These marked the final diesel-electric driven boats servicing the French Navy prior to the move to an all-nuclear undersea force.

The series succeeded the outgoing Daphne-class boats and was itself succeeded by the newer, more modern and powerful Scorpene-class family.

The Agosta-class was born from the 1970-1975 French naval rearmament and modernization program and served collectively from the latter part of the decade until the new millennium. They showcased conventional profiles with their rounded bow sections, tapered sterns, and forward-set conning towers. Dimensions included a length of 219.9 feet, a beam of 19.7 feet and a draught of 17.8 feet. The vessels displaced 1,500 tons surfaced and 1,760 tons submerged. The crew numbered 54 men.

Power was from 2 x SEMT-Pielstick diesel engines developing 3,600 horsepower paired with 1 x Electric motor generating 2,950 horsepower. The diesel units propelled the boat during surfaced travel and the electric fit was used for underwater work. Either propulsion scheme drove a single shaft. Maximum speed while surfaced reached 12 knots and speeds in excess of 20 knots were reached when submerged. The boats could manage operations down to 980 feet. The boats were engineered for low-noise operation but able to perform at high-speed in deep waters. Sensors and processing systems included the Thomson CSF DRUA-33 series radar and several onboard sonar systems including the DSUV 62A series towed array.

Armament centered on 4 x 533mm (21") torpedo tubes (all fitted to the bow) and these featured pneumatic-rammed reloading for rapid response. The boats were also capable of engaging with torpedoes at any depth reachable and at any speed, offering considerable tactical flexibility. In the 1980s, the French boats were given capabilities to launch the SM-39 "Exocet" anti-ship missile from underwater.

Agosta, the lead ship of the French group, was completed in 1977 and saw service until decommissioned in 1997.

Specifications



Service Year
1977

Origin
France national flag graphic
France

Status
DECOMMISSIONED
Destroyed, Scrapped.
Complement
54
PERSONNEL


Class
Agosta-class
Number-in-Class
4
VESSELS
Ships-in-Class


FS Agosta (S620); FS Beveziers (S621); FS La Praya (S622); FS Duessant (S623)


National flag of France France (retired)
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Submerged Attack
Traveling under the surface to search, track, and / or engage or reconnoiter areas.
Maritime Patrol
Active patroling of vital waterways and maritime areas; can also serve as local deterrence against airborne and seaborne threats.
Fleet Support
Serving in support (either firepower or material) of the main surface fleet in Blue Water environments.


Length
219.9 ft
67.03 m
Beam
19.7 ft
6.00 m
Draught
17.8 ft
5.43 m
Displacement
1,500
tons
Disp.Submerged
1,760
tons


Installed Power: 2 x SEMT-Pielstick diesel engines developing 3,600 horsepower with 1 x Electric motor generating 2,950 horsepower to 1 x Shaft.
Surface Speed
12.5 kts
(14.4 mph)
Submerged Speed
20.5 kts
(23.6 mph)
Range
8,690 nm
(10,000 mi | 16,093 km)


kts = knots | mph = miles-per-hour | nm = nautical miles | mi = miles | km = kilometers

1 kts = 1.15 mph | 1 nm = 1.15 mi | 1 nm = 1.85 km
4 x 53mm (21") torpedo tubes fitted to the bow (support for ECAN L5 Mod 3 and ECAN F17 Mod 2 torpedo types). Sm.39 Exocet anti-ship missile capability added in 1980s.


Supported Types


Graphical image of an aircraft aerial torpedo
Graphical image of an aircraft anti-ship missile


(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
None.


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