×
Aviation & Aerospace - Airpower 2024 - Aircraft by Country - Aircraft Manufacturers Vehicles & Artillery - Armor 2024 - Armor by Country - Armor Manufacturers Infantry Small Arms - Warfighter 2024 - Small Arms by Country - Arms Manufacturers Warships & Submarines - Navies 2024 - Ships by Country - Shipbuilders U.S. Military Pay 2024 Military Ranks Special Forces by Country

Delfinul (1985)


Diesel-Electric Attack Submarine


Romania | 1985



"The Romanian Delfinul, a Soviet-era Kilo-class diesel-electric submarine, has been out of service since 1995 owing to budget issues."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 05/02/2019 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
Like other Soviet-aligned nations of the Cold War, Romania committed to the Kilo-class diesel-electric attack submarine. Some seventy of the type were constructed in Soviet shipyards and the first boat entered commissioned service in December of 1980. The vessels were highly conventional for their time and found global operators (beyond Romania) in Algeria, China, India, Poland, Iran and Vietnam (ex-Soviet boats fell to the new Russian Navy).

Romania obtained just a single boat and commissioned it as "Delfinul". It was used exclusively to train seamen in the fine art of Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW). Two other boats were planned in the series but the Romanian naval budget excluded these going forward. The boat was procured by the Romanian government during 1984 and training was held in the Soviet Union prior to the official hand-off. Delivery followed in 1985.

Her qualities followed in line with the existing Kilo-class boats of the Soviet Navy. She displaced 2,460 when surfaced and 3,200 tons when submerged. Overall length was 239.1 feet with a beam of 42 feet and a draught down to 47.6 feet. The diesel-electric powerplant (requiring surfacing to recharge the battery pack) allowed for a maximum submerged speed of 20 knots to be reached (12 knots when surfaced). On board was a crew of fifty-four. Armament centered on 6 x 533mm (21") bow-facing torpedo tubes. The torpedoes could be replaced with up to 28 x naval mines. The crew also had access to 8 x SA-16 (9K38) "Igla" (NATO: "Gimlet") shoulder-fired surface-to-air missile launchers for close-in defense (when surfaced).

The boat managed a career spanning over sixty five practice sorties and was never used in combat. She fell out of useful service around 2005-2006 and remains as such as of 2018 - her future still in limbo primarily due to budgetary reasons.

Content ©MilitaryFactory.com; No Reproduction Permitted.
Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one sea-going vessel design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for Delfinul (1985).
2 x Diesel generators developing 1,000kW output with 1 x Motor generating up to 6,800 shaft horsepower while driving 1 x shaft.
Propulsion
12.0 kts
13.8 mph
Surface Speed
20.0 kts
23.0 mph
Submerged Speed
6,517 nm
7,500 miles | 12,070 km
Range
Structure
The bow-to-stern, port-to-starboard physical qualities of Delfinul (1985).
54
Personnel
Complement
239.1 ft
72.88 meters
O/A Length
42.0 ft
12.80 meters
Beam
47.7 ft
14.54 meters
Draught
2,460
tons
Displacement
3,180
tons
Displacement (Submerged)
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of Delfinul (1985).
6 x 533mm (21") torpedo tubes OR 28 x Naval mines.
8 x SA-16 "Gimlet" Surface-to-Air Missiles (SAMs)
Ships-in-Class (57)
Notable series variants as part of the Delfinul (1985) family line as relating to the Kilo-class group.
Unnamed (B-248); Chita (B-260); Vyborg (B-227); Unnamed (B-229); Unnamed (B-404); Novosibirsk (B-401); Vologda (B-402); Tyumenskiy Komsomolets (B-405); Unnamed (B-351) / Orzel (291); Unnamed (B-801) / Delfinul (581); Sindhugosh (S55); Sindhudhvaj (S56); Unnamed (B-470); Unnamed (B-806); Rais Hadj Mubarek (012); Unnamed (B-439); Sindhuraj (S57); Rais Hadj Slimane (013); Sindhuvir (S58); Svyatoi Nikolai Chudotvorets (B-445); Sindhuratna (S59); Sindhukesari (S60); Yaroslavl (B-808); Komsomolsk Tadjikistana (B-394); Kaluga (B-800); Sindhukirti (S61); Ust'-Kamchatsk (B-464); Vledikavkaz (B-459); Sindhuvijay (S62); Alrosa (B-871); Magnitogorsk (B-471); Ust'-Bolsheretsk (B-494); Tareg (901); Unnamed (B-187); Lipetsk (B-177); Krasnokamensk (B-190); Noor (902); Mogocha (B-345); Yuan Zhend 64 Hao (364); Yuan Zhend 65 Hao (365); Yunes (903); Sindhurakshak (S63); Sindhushastra (S64)
Operators
Global operator(s) of the Delfinul (1985). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national naval warfare listing.
National flag of Romania

[ Romania ]
1 / 1
Image of the Delfinul (1985)
Image from the Romanian Ministry of Defence.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to seaborne requirements.
BLUE WATER SERVICE
SUBMERGED ATTACK
MARITIME PATROL
FLEET SUPPORT
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
Delfinul (1985) Diesel-Electric Attack Submarine appears in the following collections:
HOME
NAVAL WARFARE INDEX
WARSHIPS BY COUNTRY
SHIPBUILDERS
COMPARE WARSHIPS
SHIPS BY CONFLICT
SHIPS BY TYPE
SHIPS BY DECADE
COLD WAR SHIPS
MODERN VESSELS
Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2024 Military Pay Scale Military Ranks U.S. DoD Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols US 5-Star Generals WW2 Weapons by Country

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.

Part of a network of sites that includes Global Firepower, WDMMA.org, WDMMW.org, and World War Next.


©2024 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2024 (21yrs)