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CNS Yichang (564)


Guided-Missile Frigate (1999)


Naval Warfare

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Official image from the Chinese Ministry of Defense.

Jump-to: Specifications

CNS Yichang represents one of the potent fourteen Type 053H3 guided-missile frigates currently serving in the Chinese Navy.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 02/11/2020 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
The Type 053H3 guided-missile frigates were adopted by the modern Chinese Navy (the "People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force") beginning in the 1990s to succeed the earlier Type 053H2G vessels (both related to the Cold War-vintage Type 053 family of fighting frigates). The H2G ships brought about a broader multi-role capability for the Chinese Navy surface fleet and this was only improved through the succeeding H3 group. The class was built in fourteen total vessels with four of these delivered to the Pakistani Navy. Among their group is CNS Yichang (564).

The Type 053H3 ships are known to NATO as the "Jiangwai II-class". The Type 053H2G are, therefore, "Jiangwei I-class" vessels.

CNS Yichang was buitl by Guangzhou Shipbuilders during the 1990s and saw formal commissioning during December of 1999. She is assigned to the East Sea Fleet and is an active participant of ongoing Chinese fleet actions today (2018) - as well as forming a vital part of Chinese naval surface capabilities.

As guided-missile cruisers, these warships are given the capability to assess threats and react at range. As such their armament scheme is largely led by missile-minded weaponry capable of reaching out vast distances at a fast closing speed. Conventional weapons can then be used as ranges close in and can also aid in shelling inshore positions during an amphibious assault.

CNS Yichang is designed and built to the established Type 053H3 frigate standard and, as such, is outfitted with a conventional CODAD (COmbined Diesel-And-Diesel) propulsion scheme involving 2 x 18E390VA diesel units rated at 23,600 horsepower and 2 x MTU diesel units rated at 8,715 horsepower. The developed power is used to drive 2 x Shafts under stern and propel the ship to speeds reaching 28 knots out to ranges of 5,000 nautical miles. This gives the warship fuel efficiency, good speed, and good range for a ship of this type.

Aboard is a slew of modern processing systems and sensors including the Type 360 series surface-search radar, the Type 517H-1 2D long-range air-search radar, and the Type 345/352 units for fire-control. In addition to this the ship carries interception systems, a jamming suite, and a Radar Warning Receiver (RWR) to counter inbound threats. 2 x Type 946/PL-46 15-barrel rocket launchers can be used to fire off decoys to further help protect the ship from prying eyes (and ears).

Armament consists of 8 x YJ-83 surface-to-surface missile launchers in twin 4-cell units. There is also a single 8-cell unit for HQ-7 surface-to-air missiles. Conventional armament is led by the 100mm PJ33A twin-gunned turreted deck weapon over the forecastle. There are also 4 x 37mm Type 76A turrets for an additional, close-in Anti-Aircraft (AA) measure. 2 x Type 3200 Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) six-tube launchers are used against undersea threats as are 2 x Depth charge racks / launchers for submarine hunting. 6 x Torpedo launchers round out the armament fit.

Over the stern of the Yichang's design is a full-service hangar-flight deck combination helipad. This serves a single Harbin Z-9C medium-lift navalized helicopter (or similar). This rotary-wing platform can be outfitted with modern anti-ship / anti-submarine warfare equipment, further broadening the reach of this potent warship. The Z-9 is a licensed variant of the French-made Airbus Helicopters (Eurocopter) AS365 "Dauphin" medium-class multirole utility helicopter.

Yichang, and her sister ships, are crewed by about 168 personnel. Displacement is 2,250 tons under standard loads and up to 2,400 tons under full loads. Dimensions include a running length of 367.4 feet, a beam measuring 40.7 feet, and a draught down to 14 feet.

The Type 053H3 ships have, themselves, been succeeded (at least on paper) by the Type 054 fighting frigate group. These are more modern alternatives for the Chinese surface fleet, entailing greater attention to stealth features including slab sides and enclosed protrusions. They maintain a guided-missile / multi-role frigate classification but only number two ships completed. They have been succeeded by the Type 054A frigates since their introduction and this group now numbers over twenty-five vessels - showcasing just how far Chinese warship engineers have come along in a relatively short amount of time.

Specifications



Service Year
1999

Origin
China national flag graphic
China

Status
COMMISSIONED
In Active Service.
Complement
168
PERSONNEL


Class
Type 053H3 / Jiangwei II-class
Number-in-Class
14
VESSELS
Ships-in-Class


CNS Lianyungang (522); CNS Jiaxing (521); CNS Putian (523); CNS Yichang (564); CNS Huludao (565); CNS Sanming (524); CNS Xiangyang (567); CNS Huaihua (566); CNS Louyang (527); CNS Mianyang (528); PAKISTANI NAVY: Zulfiquar (251); Shamsheer (252); Saif (253); Aslat (254)


National flag of China China
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Offshore Bombardment
Offshore bombardment / attack of surface targets / areas primarily through onboard ballistic weaponry.
Land-Attack
Offshore strike of surface targets primarily through onboard missile / rocket weaponry.
Maritime Patrol
Active patroling of vital waterways and maritime areas; can also serve as local deterrence against airborne and seaborne threats.
Airspace Denial / Deterrence
Neutralization or deterrence of airborne elements through onboard ballistic of missile weaponry.
Fleet Support
Serving in support (either firepower or material) of the main surface fleet in Blue Water environments.


Length
367.4 ft
111.98 m
Beam
40.7 ft
12.41 m
Draught
14.0 ft
4.27 m
Displacement
2,250
tons


Installed Power: 2 x 18E390VA marine diesel engines developing 23,600 horsepower with 2 x MTU marine diesel engines outputting 8,715 horsepower to 2 x Shafts under stern in CODAD arrangement.
Surface Speed
28.0 kts
(32.2 mph)
Range
5,040 nm
(5,800 mi | 9,334 km)


kts = knots | mph = miles-per-hour | nm = nautical miles | mi = miles | km = kilometers

1 kts = 1.15 mph | 1 nm = 1.15 mi | 1 nm = 1.85 km
1 x 100mm PJ33A twin-gunned turreted deck gun.
2 x 4-cell YJ-83 surface-to-surface missile system.
1 x 8-cell HQ-7 surface-to-air missile launcher.
4 x 37mm Type 76A Anti-Aircraft (AA) autocannons.
2 x 6-tube Type 3200 Anti-Submarine ROCket (ASROC) system (36 rocket reloads).
6 x Torpedo tubes
2 x Depth Charge racks
2 x Type 946/PJ-46 15-shot decoy launchers.


Supported Types


Graphical image of a modern warship turreted deck gun armament
Graphical image of an aircraft automatic cannon
Graphical image of an air-to-air missile weapon
Graphical image of aircraft aerial rockets
Graphical image of an aircraft aerial torpedo
Graphical image of a naval depth charge


(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
Full-service hangar/helideck provision for 2 x Harbin Z-9C navalized medium-lift helicopters or similar.


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