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CNS Type 075 (class)


Landing Helicopter Dock (LHD) / Amphibious Assault Ship


China | 2020



"Three Type 075-class vessels are planned for service with the Chinese Navy heading into the next decade - the first of which was unveiled in September of 2019."



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 04/26/2021 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
In a further sigh of growing Chinese naval confidence, self-sustainment, and broadened tactical and strategic capabilities, the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) has unveiled its new Type 075 Landing Helicopter Dock (LHD) warship. The vessels - to number three - represent all-modern offerings of indigenous origins and re being constructed by the Hudong Zhonghua Shipbuilding Company of China. Their size and mission scope is comparable to the United State Navy's Wasp-class warships. Beyond the first Type 075 debuted on September 25th, 2019, the remaining two will arrive in 2020 and 2021 and all will be assigned to the Eastern Fleet.

The addition of a helicopter carrier considerably broadens China's tactical reach in amphibious-minded operations for the vessels provide a multi-pronged support approach which allows troops, vehicles (including waterborne fast-attack craft), and rotorcraft airpower to disembark and bring the fight to shore and beyond. This is particularly important considering the growing tensions with neighbors around the South China Sea - where Chinese forces already have a foothold through man-made islands and consistent power-projection sorties.

As completed, the Type 075 ships feature a running length of 250 meters, a beam measuring 30 meters, and a draught down to 8.5 meters. The latter quality is of note for this allows the ship to operate close-to-shore in supporting amphibious assault operations. Displacement reaches 40,000 ton under full load. The island superstructure is offset to the starboard side, leaving the center and port side unobstructed for rotorcraft operations. Powered hangar decks allow aircraft to be brought up or lowered as needed. At the rear face of the hull is a loading area offering unfettered access to the sea by amphibious boats ready to take men and machine to shore.

The vessel can carry up to thirty combat or support helicopters launched and retrieved from no fewer than six spots along its flight deck. These can consist of several types in PLAN service including transports (for troop ferrying and resupply) and gunships. The onboard armament suite of the vessel is wholly self-defensive in nature, amounting to just 2 x 30mm H/PJ-11 digitally-controlled Close-In Weapon Systems (CIWSs) and 2 x HHQ-10 Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) launchers. It receives primary defense from its accompanying fleet which allows the Type 075 to concentrate on its given battlefield role.

Installed power allows the ship reach headway speeds up to 23 knots which provides the ship with good legs in keeping up with the PLAN surface fleet. The arrangement drives twin propeller shafts under the stern and control is through rudder fins positioned directly aft of each propeller unit. At the bow is housed a sonar unit while the island superstructure is home to the usual collection of sensors, processing systems, and communications fits as well as a bridge. An enclosed, low-profile smoke funnel is also featured there. Flight command is set at the rear of the bridge superstructure overlooking the flight deck and aft section of the ship. Forward and aft of the island superstructure are parking areas for additional ready-to-serve helicopters.

As a helicopter carrier, the Type 075 does not feature fixed-wing aircraft but may support ship-launched UAVs.

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September 2019 - The first of three planned Type 075 vessels was dedicated and launched on September 25th, 2019.

April 2021 - CNS Hainan (31) was formally commissioned into service with the PLAN.

Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one sea-going vessel design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for CNS Type 075 (class).
2 x Marine diesels of unknown make, model, and output power driving 2 x Shafts under stern.
Propulsion
23.0 kts
26.5 mph
Surface Speed
Structure
The bow-to-stern, port-to-starboard physical qualities of CNS Type 075 (class).
200
Personnel
Complement
820.2 ft
250.00 meters
O/A Length
98.4 ft
29.99 meters
Beam
27.1 ft
8.26 meters
Draught
40,000
tons
Displacement
Armament
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of CNS Type 075 (class).
2 x 30mm H/PJ-11 Close-In Weapon Systems (CIWSs).
2 x HHQ-10 Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) launchers.
Air Arm
Available supported fixed-wing / rotary-wing aircraft featured in the design of CNS Type 075 (class).
Up to 30 x Helicopters supported from six landing pads along port side.
Ships-in-Class (3)
Notable series variants as part of the CNS Type 075 (class) family line as relating to the Type 075 group.
CNS Hainan (31); Vessel #2; Vessel #3
Operators
Global operator(s) of the CNS Type 075 (class). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national naval warfare listing.
National flag of China

[ China ]
1 / 1
Image of the CNS Type 075 (class)
Image released to the Public by way of Chinese media.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to seaborne requirements.
AMPHIBIOUS ASSAULT
BROWN WATER SERVICE
SHIP-TO-SHORE
Recognition
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Similar
Developments of similar form-and-function, or related, to the CNS Type 075 (class) Landing Helicopter Dock (LHD) / Amphibious Assault Ship.
Going Further...
CNS Type 075 (class) Landing Helicopter Dock (LHD) / Amphibious Assault Ship appears in the following collections:
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