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Naval Warfare

CNS Type 075 (class)

Landing Helicopter Dock (LHD) / Amphibious Assault Ship [ 2020 ]

Three Type 075-class vessels are planned for service with the Chinese Navy heading into the next decade - the first of which was unveiled in September of 2019.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 04/26/2021 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

In a further sigh of growing Chinese naval confidence, self-sustainment, and broadened tactical and strategic capabilities, the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) has unveiled its new Type 075 Landing Helicopter Dock (LHD) warship. The vessels - to number three - represent all-modern offerings of indigenous origins and re being constructed by the Hudong Zhonghua Shipbuilding Company of China. Their size and mission scope is comparable to the United State Navy's Wasp-class warships. Beyond the first Type 075 debuted on September 25th, 2019, the remaining two will arrive in 2020 and 2021 and all will be assigned to the Eastern Fleet.

The addition of a helicopter carrier considerably broadens China's tactical reach in amphibious-minded operations for the vessels provide a multi-pronged support approach which allows troops, vehicles (including waterborne fast-attack craft), and rotorcraft airpower to disembark and bring the fight to shore and beyond. This is particularly important considering the growing tensions with neighbors around the South China Sea - where Chinese forces already have a foothold through man-made islands and consistent power-projection sorties.

As completed, the Type 075 ships feature a running length of 250 meters, a beam measuring 30 meters, and a draught down to 8.5 meters. The latter quality is of note for this allows the ship to operate close-to-shore in supporting amphibious assault operations. Displacement reaches 40,000 ton under full load. The island superstructure is offset to the starboard side, leaving the center and port side unobstructed for rotorcraft operations. Powered hangar decks allow aircraft to be brought up or lowered as needed. At the rear face of the hull is a loading area offering unfettered access to the sea by amphibious boats ready to take men and machine to shore.

The vessel can carry up to thirty combat or support helicopters launched and retrieved from no fewer than six spots along its flight deck. These can consist of several types in PLAN service including transports (for troop ferrying and resupply) and gunships. The onboard armament suite of the vessel is wholly self-defensive in nature, amounting to just 2 x 30mm H/PJ-11 digitally-controlled Close-In Weapon Systems (CIWSs) and 2 x HHQ-10 Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) launchers. It receives primary defense from its accompanying fleet which allows the Type 075 to concentrate on its given battlefield role.

Installed power allows the ship reach headway speeds up to 23 knots which provides the ship with good legs in keeping up with the PLAN surface fleet. The arrangement drives twin propeller shafts under the stern and control is through rudder fins positioned directly aft of each propeller unit. At the bow is housed a sonar unit while the island superstructure is home to the usual collection of sensors, processing systems, and communications fits as well as a bridge. An enclosed, low-profile smoke funnel is also featured there. Flight command is set at the rear of the bridge superstructure overlooking the flight deck and aft section of the ship. Forward and aft of the island superstructure are parking areas for additional ready-to-serve helicopters.

As a helicopter carrier, the Type 075 does not feature fixed-wing aircraft but may support ship-launched UAVs.©MilitaryFactory.com
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September 2019 - The first of three planned Type 075 vessels was dedicated and launched on September 25th, 2019.

April 2021 - CNS Hainan (31) was formally commissioned into service with the PLAN.


Service Year

China national flag graphic

In Active Service.

Type 075

CNS Hainan (31); Vessel #2; Vessel #3

National flag of China China
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Amphibious Assault
A shallow draught, and other qualities, give this vessel the ability to support amphibious assault operations close-to-shore.

Onboard systems alert and protect the vessel from airborne, low-flying airborne threats through ballistic and / or missile weaponry.
An Over-the-Horizon operational capability is granted to the vessel, typically through launched fixed-wing / rotary-wing aircraft.
Onboard facilities provide for the launching of air and/or land elements for shore attack and infiltration.

820.2 ft
250.00 m
98.4 ft
29.99 m
27.1 ft
8.26 m

Installed Power: 2 x Marine diesels of unknown make, model, and output power driving 2 x Shafts under stern.
Surface Speed
23.0 kts
(26.5 mph)

kts = knots | mph = miles-per-hour | nm = nautical miles | mi = miles | km = kilometers

1 kts = 1.15 mph | 1 nm = 1.15 mi | 1 nm = 1.85 km
2 x 30mm H/PJ-11 Close-In Weapon Systems (CIWSs).
2 x HHQ-10 Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) launchers.

Supported Types

Graphical image of an aircraft Gatling-style rotating gun
Graphical image of an air-to-air missile weapon

(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
Up to 30 x Helicopters supported from six landing pads along port side.

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Images Gallery

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Image of the CNS Type 075 (class)
Image released to the Public by way of Chinese media.

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