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Naval Warfare

CNS Type 055 (Renhai-class)

Guided Missile Destroyer / Cruiser Warship [ 2020 ]

The Type 055 - or Renhai-class - next-generation guided-missile destroyer is an under-construction surface warship planned for the Chinese Navy.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 10/01/2020 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

To meet the threat of regional and Western aggression, and enforce its maritime claims in the South China Sea, the nation of China continues to expand its military capabilities across all service branches. This has resulted in a bevy of infantry weapons, armored vehicles and aircraft emerging from various arms makers and has also spread to include the naval service where aircraft carriers, attack submarines and advanced surface ships are further bringing the Asian power to the forefront. Moreover, China is developing these solutions through local means, over time severing its long-held reliance on sources such as Russia. The Type 055 guided-missile destroyer is an example of the growing power of the Chinese Navy - which now promotes its first active aircraft carrier in the "Liaoning" (detailed elsewhere on this site).

The Type 055 is said to be in the same warship class as the American "Arleigh Burke" series and is outfitted with the latest available sensor equipment, digital processing systems and radar / sonar. It is to be given a flexible armament suite to help counter most any incoming threat, be they in the air, on the sea or under it. What is currently know of the Type 055 design is that it will be in the 10,000 to 14,000 ton displacement range and hold a length of around 575 feet. Like newer warships in the West, the Type 055 will incorporate stealth into its design with the structure showcasing (based on artist's impressions) slab sides and angled surfaces. The main mast is to be wholly-enclosed and integrated as part of the bridge superstructure with a Vertical Launch System (VLS) set just ahead. A single turret deck gun will break up the profile of the forecastle. The smoke funnels will be given an inline arrangement as well as a low profile. A full-service hangar deck will be fitted at the aft section of the vessel and a flight deck will operate up to two navy helicopters for over-the-horizon work and submarine-hunting. In the gap created between the aft superstructure and forward superstructure will be located another VLS installation.

Beyond cruise missile and other surface-to-surface missile armament, the warship will be designed with a digitally-assisted Close-In Weapon Systems (CIWSs) and Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) systems. Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) capabilities will be had through a towed sonar system as well as a depth sonar unit while countermeasures (electronic and physical) also figure into the vessel's design for self-survival.

The first ship of the planned class is being built by the Jiangnan Shipyard Company with the optimistic commissioning date set for sometime in 2018. A second ship is said to have started construction by the Dalian Shipbuilding Industry Company.

December 2018 - It is believed that the first Type 055 cruiser began its sea trials period during 2018 with a likely commissioning date set for sometime in 2019.©MilitaryFactory.com
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Service Year

China national flag graphic

In Active Service.

Type 055 (Renhai-class)

CNS Nanchang (101); Unnamed Vessel #2; Unnamed Vessel #3; Unnamed Vessel #4; Unnamed Vessel #5; Unnamed Vessel #6; Unnamed Vessel #7; Unnamed Vessel #8

National flag of China China
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Offshore Bombardment
Offshore bombardment / attack of surface targets / areas primarily through onboard ballistic weaponry.
Offshore strike of surface targets primarily through onboard missile / rocket weaponry.
Maritime Patrol
Active patroling of vital waterways and maritime areas; can also serve as local deterrence against airborne and seaborne threats.
Airspace Denial / Deterrence
Neutralization or deterrence of airborne elements through onboard ballistic of missile weaponry.
Fleet Support
Serving in support (either firepower or material) of the main surface fleet in Blue Water environments.

590.0 ft
179.83 m
66.0 ft
20.12 m
22.0 ft
6.71 m

Installed Power: 4 x QC-280 gas turbines of 38,000 horsepower each driving 2 x Shafts astern in COmbined Gas-And-Gas (COGAG) arrangement.
Surface Speed
30.0 kts
(34.5 mph)
5,040 nm
(5,800 mi | 9,334 km)

kts = knots | mph = miles-per-hour | nm = nautical miles | mi = miles | km = kilometers

1 kts = 1.15 mph | 1 nm = 1.15 mi | 1 nm = 1.85 km
1 x 130mm H/PJ-38 Dual-Purpose (DP) turreted deck gun.
1 x 112-cell Vertical Launching Systems (VLSs) supporting cruise missiles, Anti-Ship missiles, and Anti-Submarine missiles (fore placement).
1 x 24-cell HQ-10 Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) system (aft placement).
1 x H/PJ-14 Close-In Weapon System (CIWS).

Supported Types

Graphical image of a modern warship turreted deck gun armament
Graphical image of an aircraft Gatling-style rotating gun
Graphical image of an air-to-air missile weapon
Graphical image of an aircraft anti-ship missile
Graphical image of an air launched cruise missile weapon

(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
2 x Harbin Z-9C or Changhe Z-18F Navy helicopters launched and retrieved from stern flight deck. These are equipped for the Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) role.

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