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CNS Fujian (Type-003)


Conventionally-Powered Aircraft Carrier [ 2022 ]



CNS Fujian was launched in June of 2022 and is being readied for service with the PLAN of China.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 06/17/2022 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

GO TO SPECIFICATIONS [+]
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With the perceived fading military might of Russia on the horizon, China has positioned itself well as a potential Number 2 Power and has long sought to rival - and eventually surpass - the global military presence of the United States. This has been addressed through various means - obtaining ex-Soviet equipment, direct purchases from Russia, securing American-originated goods through 3rd Party sources, and blatant re-engineering of proven American-design solutions such as the HUMVEE utility vehicle and "Black Hawk" multi-mission helicopter.

Perhaps the grandest of all developments appearing today is CNS Fujian, a conventionally-powered Type-003 series aircraft carrier mimicking the Nimitz-class in both form-and-function.

Fujian was formally launched on June 17th, 2022 out of Shanghai to much fanfare and joins two other in-service carriers with the PLAN - CNS Liaoning (16) and CNS Shandong (17) coming online in 2012 and 2019, respectively. Construction of the new warship was undertaken from March 2015 at the Jiangnan Shipyard and is the only ship representing the Type-003 class - which is already set to be superseded by the nuclear-powered "Type-004" design.

Displacement of the new ship is 72,000 tons under standard load and 80,000 tons under full load. Dimensions include a running length of 1,049.9 feet with a beam measuring 255.9 feet. Unlike the American Nimitz- and Ford-class carriers, Fujian is conventionally-powered and not nuclear driven which limits its strategic reach beyond Pacific waters.

CNS Fujian is a departure from the previous two PLAN aircraft carrier entries in that the forerunners were modifications of, or influenced from, existing, ex-Soviet Navy carrier designs (namely the unfinished Kuznetsov-class "Varyag" which makes up CNS Liaoning today). This led the ships to be strategically limited by modern standard through their conventional power schemes, limited onboard storage, and showcased "ski-jump" ramps over the bow. Being more in line with modern American designs, Fujian now expands onboard storage and features an angled flat flight deck with the island superstructure set to starboard side of the hull. The old ski-jump approach is succeeded by more modern electro-magnetic catapult launches which require entire launch crews for optimal operation and aircraft are "arrested" / recovered in the conventional cable-line fashion.

It is assumed that the vessel supports the latest People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) fixed-wing and rotary-wing aircraft with hangar decks facilitating movement of the airframes above and below deck. Though numbers have not been published, it is assumed that the carrier would be able to house at least sixty fixed-wing and rotary-wing aircraft types of various makes, models, and over-water roles.

Defense of the vessel is also assumed to be point-defense in nature, made up of Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) systems and Close-In-Weapon System (CIWS) emplacements about the design - this is consistent with American carrier design philosophy which largely relies on the complete carrier fleet (supporting warships) for its primary defense.

As the Chinese Navy evolves, it tends to shadow American naval doctrine more and more - in both unit types and operational deployment practices - and entries such as Fujian can only serve to enhance this. As the carrier has been launched since June of 2022, it moves into its requisite sea trials phase and fitting out period to prove the design sound - eventually set to join its older sisters on the high seas to be used in the deterrence, intimidation, assault, and humanitarian roles as needed.©MilitaryFactory.com
Note: The above text is EXCLUSIVE to the site www.MilitaryFactory.com. It is the product of many hours of research and work made possible with the help of contributors, veterans, insiders, and topic specialists. If you happen upon this text anywhere else on the internet or in print, please let us know at MilitaryFactory AT gmail DOT com so that we may take appropriate action against the offender / offending site and continue to protect this original work.

June 2022 - CNS Fujian has been formally launched on June 17th, 2022.

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Specifications



Service Year
2022

Origin
China national flag graphic
China

Status
UNDERGOING TRIALS
In Testing, Trials.
Complement
4,500
PERSONNEL


Class
Type-003
Number-in-Class
1
VESSELS
Ships-in-Class


CNS Fujian


National flag of China China
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Flag Ship / Capital Ship
Serving in the fleet Flag Ship role or Capital Ship in older warship designs / terminology.


ANTI-AIRCRAFT
Onboard systems alert and protect the vessel from airborne, low-flying airborne threats through ballistic and / or missile weaponry.
OVER-THE-HORIZON
An Over-the-Horizon operational capability is granted to the vessel, typically through launched fixed-wing / rotary-wing aircraft.


Length
1,049.9 ft
320.01 m
Beam
255.9 ft
78.00 m
Draught
37.0 ft
11.28 m
Displacement
72,000
tons


Installed Power: Conventional drive arrangement involving integrated electric propulsion system, presumably 4 x Turbines feeding 4 x Shafts astern.
Surface Speed
30.0 kts
(34.5 mph)


kts = knots | mph = miles-per-hour | nm = nautical miles | mi = miles | km = kilometers

1 kts = 1.15 mph | 1 nm = 1.15 mi | 1 nm = 1.85 km
Various Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) and Close-In Weapon System (CIWS) installations for airspace defense / deterrence.


Supported Types


Graphical image of an aircraft Gatling-style rotating gun
Graphical image of an air-to-air missile weapon


(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
65 fixed-wing and rotary-wing aircraft of various types (estimated).


Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War period
Military lapel ribbon for early warship designs
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2


Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective naval campaigns / operations / periods.

Images Gallery



1 / 1
Image from Chinese MoD press release.


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