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CNS Fujian (Type-003)

Conventionally-Powered Aircraft Carrier

China | 2022

"CNS Fujian was launched in June of 2022 and is being readied for service with the PLAN of China."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 05/02/2024 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
With the perceived fading military might of Russia on the horizon, China has positioned itself well as a potential Number 2 Power and has long sought to rival - and eventually surpass - the global military presence of the United States. This has been addressed through various means - obtaining ex-Soviet equipment, direct purchases from Russia, securing American-originated goods through 3rd Party sources, and blatant re-engineering of proven American-design solutions such as the HUMVEE utility vehicle and "Black Hawk" multi-mission helicopter.

Perhaps the grandest of all developments appearing today is CNS Fujian, a conventionally-powered Type-003 series aircraft carrier mimicking the Nimitz-class in both form-and-function.

Fujian was formally launched on June 17th, 2022 out of Shanghai to much fanfare and joins two other in-service carriers with the PLAN - CNS Liaoning (16) and CNS Shandong (17) coming online in 2012 and 2019, respectively. Construction of the new warship was undertaken from March 2015 at the Jiangnan Shipyard and is the only ship representing the Type-003 class - which is already set to be superseded by the nuclear-powered "Type-004" design.

Displacement of the new ship is 72,000 tons under standard load and 80,000 tons under full load. Dimensions include a running length of 1,049.9 feet with a beam measuring 255.9 feet. Unlike the American Nimitz- and Ford-class carriers, Fujian is conventionally-powered and not nuclear driven which limits its strategic reach beyond Pacific waters.

CNS Fujian is a departure from the previous two PLAN aircraft carrier entries in that the forerunners were modifications of, or influenced from, existing, ex-Soviet Navy carrier designs (namely the unfinished Kuznetsov-class "Varyag" which makes up CNS Liaoning today). This led the ships to be strategically limited by modern standard through their conventional power schemes, limited onboard storage, and showcased "ski-jump" ramps over the bow. Being more in line with modern American designs, Fujian now expands onboard storage and features an angled flat flight deck with the island superstructure set to starboard side of the hull. The old ski-jump approach is succeeded by more modern electro-magnetic catapult launches which require entire launch crews for optimal operation and aircraft are "arrested" / recovered in the conventional cable-line fashion.

It is assumed that the vessel supports the latest People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) fixed-wing and rotary-wing aircraft with hangar decks facilitating movement of the airframes above and below deck. Though numbers have not been published, it is assumed that the carrier would be able to house at least sixty fixed-wing and rotary-wing aircraft types of various makes, models, and over-water roles.

Defense of the vessel is also assumed to be point-defense in nature, made up of Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) systems and Close-In-Weapon System (CIWS) emplacements about the design - this is consistent with American carrier design philosophy which largely relies on the complete carrier fleet (supporting warships) for its primary defense.

As the Chinese Navy evolves, it tends to shadow American naval doctrine more and more - in both unit types and operational deployment practices - and entries such as Fujian can only serve to enhance this. As the carrier has been launched since June of 2022, it moves into its requisite sea trials phase and fitting out period to prove the design sound - eventually set to join its older sisters on the high seas to be used in the deterrence, intimidation, assault, and humanitarian roles as needed.

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June 2022 - CNS Fujian has been formally launched on June 17th, 2022.

April 2023 - Fuijan is undergoing power and mooring tests according to state-run media.

May 2024 - CNS Fujian has officially entered sea trials.

Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one sea-going vessel design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for CNS Fujian (Type-003).
Conventional drive arrangement involving integrated electric propulsion system, presumably 4 x Turbines feeding 4 x Shafts astern.
30.0 kts
34.5 mph
Surface Speed
The bow-to-stern, port-to-starboard physical qualities of CNS Fujian (Type-003).
1,049.9 ft
320.01 meters
O/A Length
255.9 ft
78.00 meters
37.0 ft
11.28 meters
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of CNS Fujian (Type-003).
Various Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) and Close-In Weapon System (CIWS) installations for airspace defense / deterrence.
Air Arm
Available supported fixed-wing / rotary-wing aircraft featured in the design of CNS Fujian (Type-003).
65 fixed-wing and rotary-wing aircraft of various types (estimated).
Ships-in-Class (1)
Notable series variants as part of the CNS Fujian (Type-003) family line as relating to the Type-003 group.
CNS Fujian
Global operator(s) of the CNS Fujian (Type-003). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national naval warfare listing.

Shipbuilder(s): Jiangnan Shipyard - China
National flag of China

[ China ]
1 / 2
Image of the CNS Fujian (Type-003)
Image from Chinese MoD press release.
2 / 2
Image of the CNS Fujian (Type-003)
Image from Chinese MoD press release.

Going Further...
CNS Fujian (Type-003) Conventionally-Powered Aircraft Carrier appears in the following collections:
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