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CNS Changsha (173)

Guided-Missile Destroyer Warship

China | 2015

"CNS Shangsha 173 forms a portion of the potent Type 052D guided-missile destroyer fleet of the modern Chinese Navy."

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 12/02/2022 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site; No A.I. was used in the generation of this content.
The Chinese government has invested mightily to bring its Naval fighting capabilities to a Western standard. This includes a considerable amount of attention given to its destroyer fleet encompassing the Type 055, Type 054, Type 052, Type 051, and all of their associated offshoots. The Type 052D is of note for its sheer size, numbering over twenty-five hulls to date (2022). The D-variant succeeded the Type 052C and began construction in February 2012 with commissioned service of the first vessels occurring in March of 2014 - marking these warships as some of the most modern available in all of the Chinese surface fleet.

The Type 052D class is recognized by NATO as the Luyang III-class and are reportedly similar in form and function to the American AEGIS-equipped types available to the United States Navy (USN). One of its number is CNS Changsha (173), a hull built at the Jiangnan Shipyard of Shanghai and launched on December 19th, 2012. The vessel was commissioned into service on August 12th, 2015 and remains an active player in Chinese naval actions in the region and the world over.

The profile of the ship is consistent with modern warship design: the forecastle is largely unobstructed and centers a single turreted deck gun. Behind this is a Vertical Launching System (VLS) supporting surface-to-air, surface-to-surface, and anti-ship missiles. The bridge superstructure is aft of the VLS and houses the bridge section, combat control rooms, and other pertinent operating quarters. The main mast is integrated to the structure and seats all manner of antenna, communications, and sensor arrays. At midships are the enclosed, low-profile smoke funnels. The superstructure continues aft and is unbroken as it steps down to the helipad. An integrated helicopter hangar facility provides full services to a single rotorcraft element.

Dimensionally, the 7.500-ton hull is given a running length of 528 feet with a beam of 55.8 feet and a draught down to 19.7 feet. Propulsion power is through a COmbined Diesel-Or-Gas (CODAG) arrangement allowing the vessel to maximum fuel economy depending on whether cruising or dashing. Maximum speed in ideal conditions reaches 30 knots and range is out to 5,200 miles.

Installed systems include the Type 346A 3D Active, Electronically-Scanned Array (AESA) multi-function radar, the Type 518 air-search radar, the Type 364 altitude-and-surface-search radar, and the Type 349A fire control radar. 2 x H/RJS-726 systems serve in the electronic countermeasure role while 4 x Type 726-4A decoy launchers are also installed. The hull houses a variable depth sonar fit and a towed array is also as the crew's disposal.

Armament is a mix of ballistic, missile, and torpedo solutions. Over the forecastle is a single 130mm turreted deck gun with the VLS aft of the emplacement. The VLS supports the HHQ-9 Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM), YJ-18 Surface-to-Surface Missile (SSM), and CY-5 Anti-Ship Missile (ASM) types. Sixty-four cells house the missiles geared at countering most any at-sea threat. A pair of 30mm Close-In Weapon Systems (CIWSs) are a digital measure to neutralize short-to-medium-ranged aerial threats. The 24-cell HQ-10 short-ranged SAM launcher also aids in protection of the vessel, fleet, or targeted area.

To date (2022), Changsha has participated in various Chinese naval exercises both locally and abroad. She has not been used in anger as of yet.

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Power & Performance
Those special qualities that separate one sea-going vessel design from another. Performance specifications presented assume optimal operating conditions for CNS Changsha (173).
COmbined Diesel-Of-Gas (CODAG): 2 x QC-280 gas turbines with 2 x MTU 20V 956TB92 diesel engines; 2 x Shafts astern.
30.0 kts
34.5 mph
Surface Speed
4,519 nm
5,200 miles | 8,369 km
The bow-to-stern, port-to-starboard physical qualities of CNS Changsha (173).
515.0 ft
156.97 meters
O/A Length
56.0 ft
17.07 meters
20.0 ft
6.10 meters
Available supported armament and special-mission equipment featured in the design of CNS Changsha (173).
1 x 130mm H/PJ-45A Dual-Purpose (DP) turreted deck gun.
1 x 64-cell Vertical Launching System (VLS) supporting HHQ-9, YJ-18, and CY-5 missile types / families.
1 x 24-cell HQ-10 Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) launcher.
2 x 30mm Type 730 Close-In Weapon Systems (CIWSs).
2 x 533mm triple-torpedo launchers.
4 x 18-tube decoy rocket launchers.
Air Arm
Available supported fixed-wing / rotary-wing aircraft featured in the design of CNS Changsha (173).
1 x Medium-lift navy helicopter supported from the stern-based helipad/hangar combination deck area.
Ships-in-Class (25)
Notable series variants as part of the CNS Changsha (173) family line as relating to the Type 052D group.
157m Standard: CNS Kunming (172); CNS Changsha (173); CNS Hafei (174); CNS Yinchuan (175); CNS Xining (117); CNS Xiamen (154); CNS Urumqi (118); CNS Nanjing (155); CNS Taiyuan (131); CNS Hohhot (161); CNS Guiyang (119); CNS Chengdu (120); CNS Qiqihar (121); 160m Variant: CNS Zibo (); CNS Ganzhou (); Unnamned Ship #16; Unnamed Ship #17; Unnamed Ship #18; Unnamed Ship #19; Unnamed Ship #20; Unnamed Ship #21; Unnamed Ship #22; Unnamed Ship #23; Unnamed Ship #24
Global operator(s) of the CNS Changsha (173). Nations are displayed by flag, each linked to their respective national naval warfare listing.

Shipbuilder(s): Jiangnan Shipyard (Shanghai) - China
National flag of China

[ China ]
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Image of the CNS Changsha (173)
Image from the Chinese Ministry of Defense; Public Release.

Mission Roles
Some designs are single-minded in their approach while others offer a more versatile solution to seaborne requirements.
Some designs stand the test of time while others are doomed to never advance beyond the drawing board; let history be their judge.
Going Further...
CNS Changsha (173) Guided-Missile Destroyer Warship appears in the following collections:
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