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ARA Espora (P-41)


Anti-Ship / Anti-Submarine Corvette / Frigate Warship (1985)


Naval Warfare

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While classified by some sources as frigates, the Argentine Navy sees the ARA Espora P-41, and her sisters, as corvettes.



Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 04/24/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.
The modern Argentine Navy is a shell of its former self, having suffered for decades from a lack of proper funding and its situation only worsened with growing Argentine economic woes. Despite this, the service treads water with what is available to its men and women. Among the active inventory is the Espora-class which was originally purchased in a six-strong batch encompassing Espora, Rosale, Spiro, Parker, Robinson, and Gomez Roca. The series entered service from 1985 to 2002 but, today (2018), less than half of the class is known to be actively available.

The group was part of a larger Argentine Navy modernization plan heading into the 1980s to help replace ex-American Navy World War 2-era fighting surface combatants. However, the subsequent defeat of the Argentines, at the hands of the British Navy, during the Falklands War of 1982 severely derailed the initiative. The six corvettes, identified by some sources as frigates, were based in an original Portuguese warship design known as "Joao Coutinho" and this evolved to become the "MEKO 140A16" design standard, essentially a scaled-down version of the larger "MEKO 360" series destroyer. The purpose of the ships was to fulfill the anti-ship / anti-submarine coastal defense role (but to also include maritime enforcement and fishery-industry-related tasks) so they carried compact dimensions including a rather shallow draught of just 10.9 feet. Overall length reached 299 feet and their beam was 36 feet.

Displacing 1,560 tons under load, the class was led by its lead ship, ARA Espora. Espora was named after Tomas Espora and built by the local Argentine shipyard of Rio Santiango. Her keel was laid down on March 10th, 1980 and she was launched to sea on January 23rd, 1982. However, the aforementioned Argentina involvement in the Falklands delayed commissioning of the vessel until September 4th, 1985 - well after the war had concluded.
Powered by 2 x SEMT-Pielstick 16PC 2-5 V400 marine diesels driving twin shafts under stern, the vessel could make headway at 27 knots and range out to 4,000 nautical miles. Aboard was a crew of about 93 specialists. Armament included a single 76mm OTO-Melara turreted deck gun in the "A" position, a 40mm Bofors autocannon in the "B" position and another 40mm gun mounted well aft. Beyond this 2 x 0.50 caliber heavy machine guns could be installed for close-in air/ship defense. 2 x 324mm ILAS-3 triple torpedo tubes were installed to deal with at-sea threats but the main armament of this little ship became the four MM.38 "Exocet" anti-ship missile launchers which gave the vessel a dangerous ranged, sea-skimming capability.

The warship's profile was largely conventional: the forecastle was relatively short and fitted the 76mm turreted main gun. On a stepped portion of the hull superstructure was found the first 40mm autocannon (the second fitting was over the stern). The bridge took its usual place over the forward superstructure and a dual mast approach was featured. The smoke funnels were enclosed and of a low profile design. A helipad was installed to support a single light-class utility-minded helicopter.

Beyond general patrolling duties for the Argentine Navy, ARA Espora has undertaken joint allied exercises. Machinery problems were noted in October of 2012 which delayed her participation in one such event. During May of 2016, she collided with an oil tanker off the coast of Puerto Belgrano - her homeport - and suffered extensive damage to her frame.

Specifications



Service Year
1985

Origin
Argentina national flag graphic
Argentina

Status
COMMISSIONED
In Active Service.
Complement
93
PERSONNEL


Class
Espora-class
Number-in-Class
6
VESSELS
Ships-in-Class


ARA Espora (P-41); ARA Rosale (P-42); ARA Spiro (P-43); ARA Parker (P-44); ARA Robinson (P-45); ARA Gomez Roca (P-46)


National flag of Argentina Argentina
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Offshore Bombardment
Offshore bombardment / attack of surface targets / areas primarily through onboard ballistic weaponry.
Offshore Operation
Activities conducted near shorelines in support of allied activities.
Land-Attack
Offshore strike of surface targets primarily through onboard missile / rocket weaponry.
Maritime Patrol
Active patroling of vital waterways and maritime areas; can also serve as local deterrence against airborne and seaborne threats.
Airspace Denial / Deterrence
Neutralization or deterrence of airborne elements through onboard ballistic of missile weaponry.
Fleet Support
Serving in support (either firepower or material) of the main surface fleet in Blue Water environments.


Length
299.0 ft
91.14 m
Beam
36.1 ft
11.00 m
Draught
10.9 ft
3.32 m
Displacement
1,560
tons


Installed Power: 2 x SEMT-Pielstick marine diesels developing 20,385 horsepower and driving 2 x Shafts under stern.
Surface Speed
27.0 kts
(31.1 mph)
Range
4,002 nm
(4,605 mi | 7,411 km)


kts = knots | mph = miles-per-hour | nm = nautical miles | mi = miles | km = kilometers

1 kts = 1.15 mph | 1 nm = 1.15 mi | 1 nm = 1.85 km
1 x 76mm OTO-Melara Dual-Purpose (DP) turreted deck gun over the forecastle.
4 x MM.38 "Exocet" anti-ship missiles in two twin-tubed container launchers at the stern.
1 x 40mm Oerlikon Anti-Aircraft (AA) gun in forward mounting.
1 x 40mm Oerlikon AA gun in aft mounting.
2 x 12.7mm Browning Heavy Machine Guns (HMGs).
2 x 324mm (12.75") ILAS 3 triple torpedo tubes with 12 x Reloads available.


Supported Types


Graphical image of a modern warship turreted deck gun armament
Graphical image of an aircraft medium machine gun
Graphical image of an aircraft heavy machine gun
Graphical image of an aircraft automatic cannon
Graphical image of an aircraft aerial torpedo
Graphical image of an aircraft anti-ship missile


(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)
1 x Aerospatiale SA319B Alouette III or AS555 Fennec light-class utility helicopter over the stern helipad.


Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War
Military lapel ribbon for the Cuban Missile Crisis
Military lapel ribbon for pioneering aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2


Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective naval campaigns / operations / periods.

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