Aircraft / Aviation Vehicles & Artillery Infantry Arms Warships & Submarines Military Ranks Military Pay Chart (2024)
Naval Warfare

Akula (K-284)

Nuclear-Powered Attack Submarine [ 1984 ]

Due to ongoing Russian Navy budget issues, the powerful Akula K-284 nuclear-powered attack submarine was decommissioned in 2001.

Authored By: Staff Writer | Last Edited: 09/12/2018 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

The Akula-class nuclear-powered attack submarines of the modern Russian Navy currently (2017) number ten boats from a Cold War-era plan that once called for strength to be twenty. The class is used by both the Russian (former Soviet) and Indian navies. The group was built from the period spanning 1983 until 1994 and commissioning occurred between 1984 and 2009. Five of the group were cancelled with the fall of the Soviet Empire in 1991.

The group has seen at least four different batch modernizations take place: Akula I, Improved Akula I, Akula II and Akula III. The Russian Navy designates the entire class as "Shchuka-B".

The lead ship of the class, Akula K-284, was laid down by Amur Shipyard on November 11th, 1983 while there was still an ongoing Cold War with the West. She was launched on June 27th, 1984 and commissioned into service with the Pacific Fleet on December 30th, 1984.

Akula displaced 8,40 tons surfaced and 12,770 tons submerged. She was given a length of 362 feet with a beam measuring 45 feet and a draught down to 32 feet. Power was from a single OK-650B pressurized water nuclear reactor giving the boat essentially unlimited operating ranges. Speeds when surfaced reached up to 10 knots and, more importantly, up to 35 knots when submerged. Onboard stores allowed the crew to remain at-sea for up to 100 days (officially). The crew complement numbered 73.

The boat's profile was consistent with Soviet submarine design of the period. The sail was well-contoured over the dorsal spine of the hull and of a low-profile design. It was seated at midships. The bow was well-rounded (housing the sonar sensors under the torpedo room) and the stern tapered to form the shroud for the drive shaft. The propeller unit extended a good distance aft of the cruciform plane arrangement at the tail. The vertical tail fin carried a teardrop-style housing for the towed sonar array. Radar, radio and radar-warning antennas were all fixed atop the conning tower.

The Akula carried several active and passive systems for detecting and tracking possible threats. A completed electronics warfare and decoy suite was also installed for self-preservation. Armament centered on 4 x 533mm and 4 x 650mm torpedo tubes with some forty total torpedo reloads available. Additionally, the submarine sailed with as many as three Igla-M Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) shoulder-launched systems to content with low-flying threats and short-to-medium ranges.

At the time of its introduction, the Akula and her sisters came as a surprise to observers in the West due to their cost and very advanced nature. K-284 was decommissioned form active service in 2001 to help shore up the Russian Navy budget heading into the new decade but some of her class maintains an active presence in the Russian Fleet (2017). These have been active in international waters since 2009 as far as is known.©MilitaryFactory.com
Note: The above text is EXCLUSIVE to the site www.MilitaryFactory.com. It is the product of many hours of research and work made possible with the help of contributors, veterans, insiders, and topic specialists. If you happen upon this text anywhere else on the internet or in print, please let us know at MilitaryFactory AT gmail DOT com so that we may take appropriate action against the offender / offending site and continue to protect this original work.


Service Year

Soviet Union national flag graphic
Soviet Union

Destroyed, Scrapped.

Akula-class / Project 971

Akula (K-284); Barnaul (K-263); Pantera (K-317); Chachalot (K-322); Magadan (K-331); Bratsk (K-391); Ak Bars (K-480); Volk (K-461); Tigr (K-154); Leopard (K-328); Kuzbass (K-419); Nerpa (K-152); Vepr (K-157); Samara (K-295); Ryys (K-333) (cancelled); Gepard (K-335); K-337 (cancelled)

National flag of Russia National flag of the Soviet Union Russia; Soviet Union
(OPERATORS list includes past, present, and future operators when applicable)
Submerged Attack
Traveling under the surface to search, track, and / or engage or reconnoiter areas.
Maritime Patrol
Active patroling of vital waterways and maritime areas; can also serve as local deterrence against airborne and seaborne threats.
Fleet Support
Serving in support (either firepower or material) of the main surface fleet in Blue Water environments.

375.0 ft
114.30 m
44.6 ft
13.59 m
31.8 ft
9.69 m

Installed Power: 1 x OK-650 V series nuclear reactor driving 1 x Shaft.
Surface Speed
10.0 kts
(11.5 mph)
Submerged Speed
24.0 kts
(27.6 mph)
Essentially Unlimited

kts = knots | mph = miles-per-hour | nm = nautical miles | mi = miles | km = kilometers

1 kts = 1.15 mph | 1 nm = 1.15 mi | 1 nm = 1.85 km
4 x 533mm torpedo tubes with 28 reloads.
4 x 650mm torpedo tubes with 12 reloads.
Also supporting Granat and Kalibr cruise missile launches.
1 to 3 x Igla-M Surface-to-Air Missile (SAM) launchers.

Supported Types

Graphical image of an air-to-air missile weapon
Graphical image of an aircraft aerial torpedo
Graphical image of an air launched cruise missile weapon

(Not all weapon types may be represented in the showcase above)

Military lapel ribbon for the Cold War period
Military lapel ribbon for early warship designs
Military lapel ribbon for the Falklands War
Military lapel ribbon for the 1991 Gulf War
Military lapel ribbon for the Korean War
Military lapel ribbon representing modern aircraft
Military lapel ribbon for the Attack on Pearl Harbor
Military lapel ribbon for the Russian Invasion of Ukraine
Military lapel ribbon for the Vietnam War
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 1
Military lapel ribbon for the World War 2

Ribbon graphics not necessarily indicative of actual historical campaign ribbons. Ribbons are clickable to their respective naval campaigns / operations / periods.

Images Gallery

1 / 1
Image of the Akula (K-284)
Image from the Public Domain.

Disclaimer | Privacy Policy | Cookies

2024 Military Pay Chart Military Ranks DoD Dictionary Conversion Calculators Military Alphabet Code Military Map Symbols

The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. No A.I. was used in the generation of this content; site is 100% curated by humans.

Part of a network of sites that includes GlobalFirepower, a data-driven property used in ranking the top military powers of the world, WDMMA.org (World Directory of Modern Military Aircraft), WDMMW.org (World Directory of Modern Military Warships), SR71blackbird.org, detailing the history of the world's most iconic spyplane, and MilitaryRibbons.info, cataloguing military medals and ribbons. Special Interest: RailRoad Junction, the locomotive encyclopedia.

©2023 www.MilitaryFactory.com • All Rights Reserved • Content ©2003-2023 (20yrs)